Limits...
Biological Anomalies around the 2009 L'Aquila Earthquake.

Fidani C - Animals (Basel) (2013)

Bottom Line: Around the time of the seismic swarm many instruments were operating in Central Italy, even if not dedicated to biological effects associated with the stress field variations, including seismicity.Data on animal behavior, before, during and after the main shocks, were analyzed in space/time distributions with respect to the epicenter area, evidencing the specific responses of different animals.Several instances of strange animal behavior were observed which could causally support the hypotheses that they were induced by the physical presence of gas, electric charges and electromagnetic waves in atmosphere.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Central Italy Electromagnetic Network, 63847 San Procolo, Fermo, Italy. c.fidani@virgilio.it.

ABSTRACT
The April 6, 2009 L'Aquila earthquake was the strongest seismic event to occur in Italy over the last thirty years with a magnitude of M = 6.3. Around the time of the seismic swarm many instruments were operating in Central Italy, even if not dedicated to biological effects associated with the stress field variations, including seismicity. Testimonies were collected using a specific questionnaire immediately after the main shock, including data on earthquake lights, gas leaks, human diseases, and irregular animal behavior. The questionnaire was made up of a sequence of arguments, based upon past historical earthquake observations and compiled over seven months after the main shock. Data on animal behavior, before, during and after the main shocks, were analyzed in space/time distributions with respect to the epicenter area, evidencing the specific responses of different animals. Several instances of strange animal behavior were observed which could causally support the hypotheses that they were induced by the physical presence of gas, electric charges and electromagnetic waves in atmosphere. The aim of this study was to order the biological observations and thereby allow future work to determine whether these observations were influenced by geophysical parameters.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A summary of relative and absolute occurrence of time ordered observations with respect to the biological types, based on Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494442&req=5

animals-03-00693-f005: A summary of relative and absolute occurrence of time ordered observations with respect to the biological types, based on Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5.

Mentions: Figure 5 reports data on the relative and absolute occurrence of time ordered observations with respect to the biological types from Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5. The principal result of this schematic summary was that anomalous behavior occurred mainly before shocks in at least half of the cases. This trend is similar to that of the human subgroup. Anomalous behavior for the animal subgroup was almost 60%. Animal reports constituted nearly 60% of the total database and are reported in a geographical distribution in Figure 6. It should be remembered that information regarding dogs was only partially reported, this was only when something more than simple dog barking was observed. Based on this decision, and to avoid the overcrowding of Figure 6, dogs are not reported in the geographical distribution. Regarding anomalous behavior occurring principally after the shocks for plant subgroup see Figure 5. This summary suggests that the influence on flora was either not evident or delayed. Indeed, these observations were few in number.


Biological Anomalies around the 2009 L'Aquila Earthquake.

Fidani C - Animals (Basel) (2013)

A summary of relative and absolute occurrence of time ordered observations with respect to the biological types, based on Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494442&req=5

animals-03-00693-f005: A summary of relative and absolute occurrence of time ordered observations with respect to the biological types, based on Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5.
Mentions: Figure 5 reports data on the relative and absolute occurrence of time ordered observations with respect to the biological types from Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5. The principal result of this schematic summary was that anomalous behavior occurred mainly before shocks in at least half of the cases. This trend is similar to that of the human subgroup. Anomalous behavior for the animal subgroup was almost 60%. Animal reports constituted nearly 60% of the total database and are reported in a geographical distribution in Figure 6. It should be remembered that information regarding dogs was only partially reported, this was only when something more than simple dog barking was observed. Based on this decision, and to avoid the overcrowding of Figure 6, dogs are not reported in the geographical distribution. Regarding anomalous behavior occurring principally after the shocks for plant subgroup see Figure 5. This summary suggests that the influence on flora was either not evident or delayed. Indeed, these observations were few in number.

Bottom Line: Around the time of the seismic swarm many instruments were operating in Central Italy, even if not dedicated to biological effects associated with the stress field variations, including seismicity.Data on animal behavior, before, during and after the main shocks, were analyzed in space/time distributions with respect to the epicenter area, evidencing the specific responses of different animals.Several instances of strange animal behavior were observed which could causally support the hypotheses that they were induced by the physical presence of gas, electric charges and electromagnetic waves in atmosphere.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Central Italy Electromagnetic Network, 63847 San Procolo, Fermo, Italy. c.fidani@virgilio.it.

ABSTRACT
The April 6, 2009 L'Aquila earthquake was the strongest seismic event to occur in Italy over the last thirty years with a magnitude of M = 6.3. Around the time of the seismic swarm many instruments were operating in Central Italy, even if not dedicated to biological effects associated with the stress field variations, including seismicity. Testimonies were collected using a specific questionnaire immediately after the main shock, including data on earthquake lights, gas leaks, human diseases, and irregular animal behavior. The questionnaire was made up of a sequence of arguments, based upon past historical earthquake observations and compiled over seven months after the main shock. Data on animal behavior, before, during and after the main shocks, were analyzed in space/time distributions with respect to the epicenter area, evidencing the specific responses of different animals. Several instances of strange animal behavior were observed which could causally support the hypotheses that they were induced by the physical presence of gas, electric charges and electromagnetic waves in atmosphere. The aim of this study was to order the biological observations and thereby allow future work to determine whether these observations were influenced by geophysical parameters.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus