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Leptospira spp. in Domestic Cats from Different Environments: Prevalence of Antibodies and Risk Factors Associated with the Seropositivity.

Azócar-Aedo L, Monti G, Jara R - Animals (Basel) (2014)

Bottom Line: A frequentist and Bayesian approach were applied for prevalence estimation.The overall apparent prevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies was 8.1% (95% Confident Interval = 3.9-4.3).With the Bayesian approach, the overall True Prevalence (TP) was 5.2% (95% Credibility Interval (CrI) = 0.6-12.4).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Graduate School, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, P.O. Box 567, Chile. luciaazocaraedo@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT
Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic disease of worldwide distribution. A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban and rural environments in southern Chile (1) to detect domestic cats with serologic evidence of exposure to Leptospira spp.; (2) to determine the prevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies; (3) to describe seroprevalences according to different characteristics of the animals, and (4) to identify risk factors associated with the seropositivity in the Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT). Blood samples were taken from 124 owned cats. A frequentist and Bayesian approach were applied for prevalence estimation. The overall apparent prevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies was 8.1% (95% Confident Interval = 3.9-4.3). With the Bayesian approach, the overall True Prevalence (TP) was 5.2% (95% Credibility Interval (CrI) = 0.6-12.4). The TP for urban cats was 1.8% (95% CrI = 0.1-7.2) and the TP for rural felines was 25.2% (95% CrI = 9.3-46.6). Cats that live in a place where agricultural activities are performed with water that flows in streams or backwater and cats that live in places near flooded areas had a higher risk of seropositivity in MAT. The exposure to Leptospira spp. in domestic cats of urban and rural origin in Southern Chile is a public health concern that requires an increased awareness and the implementation of preventive measures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Approximate localization of the Los Rios and the Los Lagos regions in Chile and South America and the study area.
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animals-04-00612-f001: Approximate localization of the Los Rios and the Los Lagos regions in Chile and South America and the study area.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the approximate localization of the Los Rios and the Los Lagos regions in Chile and South America and the study area.


Leptospira spp. in Domestic Cats from Different Environments: Prevalence of Antibodies and Risk Factors Associated with the Seropositivity.

Azócar-Aedo L, Monti G, Jara R - Animals (Basel) (2014)

Approximate localization of the Los Rios and the Los Lagos regions in Chile and South America and the study area.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494429&req=5

animals-04-00612-f001: Approximate localization of the Los Rios and the Los Lagos regions in Chile and South America and the study area.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the approximate localization of the Los Rios and the Los Lagos regions in Chile and South America and the study area.

Bottom Line: A frequentist and Bayesian approach were applied for prevalence estimation.The overall apparent prevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies was 8.1% (95% Confident Interval = 3.9-4.3).With the Bayesian approach, the overall True Prevalence (TP) was 5.2% (95% Credibility Interval (CrI) = 0.6-12.4).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Graduate School, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, P.O. Box 567, Chile. luciaazocaraedo@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT
Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic disease of worldwide distribution. A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban and rural environments in southern Chile (1) to detect domestic cats with serologic evidence of exposure to Leptospira spp.; (2) to determine the prevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies; (3) to describe seroprevalences according to different characteristics of the animals, and (4) to identify risk factors associated with the seropositivity in the Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT). Blood samples were taken from 124 owned cats. A frequentist and Bayesian approach were applied for prevalence estimation. The overall apparent prevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies was 8.1% (95% Confident Interval = 3.9-4.3). With the Bayesian approach, the overall True Prevalence (TP) was 5.2% (95% Credibility Interval (CrI) = 0.6-12.4). The TP for urban cats was 1.8% (95% CrI = 0.1-7.2) and the TP for rural felines was 25.2% (95% CrI = 9.3-46.6). Cats that live in a place where agricultural activities are performed with water that flows in streams or backwater and cats that live in places near flooded areas had a higher risk of seropositivity in MAT. The exposure to Leptospira spp. in domestic cats of urban and rural origin in Southern Chile is a public health concern that requires an increased awareness and the implementation of preventive measures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus