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Epidemiology of Dog and Cat Abandonment in Spain (2008-2013).

Fatjó J, Bowen J, García E, Calvo P, Rueda S, Amblás S, Lalanza JF - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: This paper was divided into three studies.We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats.While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair Affinity Foundation Animals and Health, Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. jaume.fatjo@uab.cat.

ABSTRACT
Millions of pets are abandoned worldwide every year, which is an important animal welfare and financial problem. This paper was divided into three studies. Our first two studies were designed as a national survey of animal shelters to profile the population of stray dogs and cats, as well as to gather information on both relinquishment and adoption. The aim of our third study was to test the impact of identification on the recovery of dogs entering animal shelters. Studies one and two indicate that more than 100,000 dogs and more than 30,000 cats enter animal shelters annually in Spain. We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats. Two-thirds of dogs and cats entering shelters were found as strays, while the rest were relinquished directly to the shelter. Most pets admitted to animal shelters were adult, non-purebred, and without a microchip, with the majority of dogs being medium sized. Adult dogs spent significantly more time in shelters than puppies. While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized. The identification of dogs with a microchip increased by 3-fold the likelihood of them being returned to the owner.

No MeSH data available.


Reasons to abandon a dog or a cat in 2010 (grey columns) and in 2013 (black columns). n = 110–122 (shelters).
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animals-05-00364-f004: Reasons to abandon a dog or a cat in 2010 (grey columns) and in 2013 (black columns). n = 110–122 (shelters).

Mentions: Figure 4 shows the reasons given for abandoning a dog or a cat, for the period 2010–2013. While the most common reasons in 2010 were “unexpected litters”, “change of address” and “economic issues”, this tendency changed by 2013, in which “economic issues”, “unexpected litters” and “end of hunting season” (there is an extended tradition of hunting with dogs in Spain. Some hunters abandon their dogs once the hunting season is over) were the most common reasons. Figure 5 shows the reasons for adopting: the most common reason in 2010, 2012 and 2013 was being “sensitized to the problem of abandonment”, whereas there were two notable changes in 2012 and 2013, in which “collaboration with the shelter” (i.e., helping the shelter to relocate their animals) and “adopting is cheaper than buying” became more and less common, respectively. The possibility to return the dog to the shelter was also reported as a reason to adopt a pet from a shelter.


Epidemiology of Dog and Cat Abandonment in Spain (2008-2013).

Fatjó J, Bowen J, García E, Calvo P, Rueda S, Amblás S, Lalanza JF - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Reasons to abandon a dog or a cat in 2010 (grey columns) and in 2013 (black columns). n = 110–122 (shelters).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494419&req=5

animals-05-00364-f004: Reasons to abandon a dog or a cat in 2010 (grey columns) and in 2013 (black columns). n = 110–122 (shelters).
Mentions: Figure 4 shows the reasons given for abandoning a dog or a cat, for the period 2010–2013. While the most common reasons in 2010 were “unexpected litters”, “change of address” and “economic issues”, this tendency changed by 2013, in which “economic issues”, “unexpected litters” and “end of hunting season” (there is an extended tradition of hunting with dogs in Spain. Some hunters abandon their dogs once the hunting season is over) were the most common reasons. Figure 5 shows the reasons for adopting: the most common reason in 2010, 2012 and 2013 was being “sensitized to the problem of abandonment”, whereas there were two notable changes in 2012 and 2013, in which “collaboration with the shelter” (i.e., helping the shelter to relocate their animals) and “adopting is cheaper than buying” became more and less common, respectively. The possibility to return the dog to the shelter was also reported as a reason to adopt a pet from a shelter.

Bottom Line: This paper was divided into three studies.We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats.While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair Affinity Foundation Animals and Health, Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. jaume.fatjo@uab.cat.

ABSTRACT
Millions of pets are abandoned worldwide every year, which is an important animal welfare and financial problem. This paper was divided into three studies. Our first two studies were designed as a national survey of animal shelters to profile the population of stray dogs and cats, as well as to gather information on both relinquishment and adoption. The aim of our third study was to test the impact of identification on the recovery of dogs entering animal shelters. Studies one and two indicate that more than 100,000 dogs and more than 30,000 cats enter animal shelters annually in Spain. We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats. Two-thirds of dogs and cats entering shelters were found as strays, while the rest were relinquished directly to the shelter. Most pets admitted to animal shelters were adult, non-purebred, and without a microchip, with the majority of dogs being medium sized. Adult dogs spent significantly more time in shelters than puppies. While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized. The identification of dogs with a microchip increased by 3-fold the likelihood of them being returned to the owner.

No MeSH data available.