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Epidemiology of Dog and Cat Abandonment in Spain (2008-2013).

Fatjó J, Bowen J, García E, Calvo P, Rueda S, Amblás S, Lalanza JF - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: This paper was divided into three studies.We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats.While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair Affinity Foundation Animals and Health, Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. jaume.fatjo@uab.cat.

ABSTRACT
Millions of pets are abandoned worldwide every year, which is an important animal welfare and financial problem. This paper was divided into three studies. Our first two studies were designed as a national survey of animal shelters to profile the population of stray dogs and cats, as well as to gather information on both relinquishment and adoption. The aim of our third study was to test the impact of identification on the recovery of dogs entering animal shelters. Studies one and two indicate that more than 100,000 dogs and more than 30,000 cats enter animal shelters annually in Spain. We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats. Two-thirds of dogs and cats entering shelters were found as strays, while the rest were relinquished directly to the shelter. Most pets admitted to animal shelters were adult, non-purebred, and without a microchip, with the majority of dogs being medium sized. Adult dogs spent significantly more time in shelters than puppies. While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized. The identification of dogs with a microchip increased by 3-fold the likelihood of them being returned to the owner.

No MeSH data available.


Seasonal percentage of admissions to shelters in 2013 for dogs (grey bars) and cats (black bars). First season: January (Jan) to April (Apr), second season: May to August (Aug), third season: September (Sep) to December (Dec). *p < 0.02 Paired Comparisons (U Mann-Whitney): second vs. first, third.
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animals-05-00364-f002: Seasonal percentage of admissions to shelters in 2013 for dogs (grey bars) and cats (black bars). First season: January (Jan) to April (Apr), second season: May to August (Aug), third season: September (Sep) to December (Dec). *p < 0.02 Paired Comparisons (U Mann-Whitney): second vs. first, third.

Mentions: Time of year seems to be a factor for the rate of admission in shelters, although only in cats (Figure 2). In 2013, the admission rate in dogs was remarkably consistent throughout the year (33.1% in January–April, 33.7% in May–August and 33.2% in September–December), see Figure 2. In the same year, admission rate in cats fluctuated, with a dip in January–April (25.3%), and a peak in May–August (42.3%) (p < 0.02). Data are shown for 2013 only, as there were no significant changes in these seasonal patterns between 2008 and 2013.


Epidemiology of Dog and Cat Abandonment in Spain (2008-2013).

Fatjó J, Bowen J, García E, Calvo P, Rueda S, Amblás S, Lalanza JF - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Seasonal percentage of admissions to shelters in 2013 for dogs (grey bars) and cats (black bars). First season: January (Jan) to April (Apr), second season: May to August (Aug), third season: September (Sep) to December (Dec). *p < 0.02 Paired Comparisons (U Mann-Whitney): second vs. first, third.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494419&req=5

animals-05-00364-f002: Seasonal percentage of admissions to shelters in 2013 for dogs (grey bars) and cats (black bars). First season: January (Jan) to April (Apr), second season: May to August (Aug), third season: September (Sep) to December (Dec). *p < 0.02 Paired Comparisons (U Mann-Whitney): second vs. first, third.
Mentions: Time of year seems to be a factor for the rate of admission in shelters, although only in cats (Figure 2). In 2013, the admission rate in dogs was remarkably consistent throughout the year (33.1% in January–April, 33.7% in May–August and 33.2% in September–December), see Figure 2. In the same year, admission rate in cats fluctuated, with a dip in January–April (25.3%), and a peak in May–August (42.3%) (p < 0.02). Data are shown for 2013 only, as there were no significant changes in these seasonal patterns between 2008 and 2013.

Bottom Line: This paper was divided into three studies.We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats.While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair Affinity Foundation Animals and Health, Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. jaume.fatjo@uab.cat.

ABSTRACT
Millions of pets are abandoned worldwide every year, which is an important animal welfare and financial problem. This paper was divided into three studies. Our first two studies were designed as a national survey of animal shelters to profile the population of stray dogs and cats, as well as to gather information on both relinquishment and adoption. The aim of our third study was to test the impact of identification on the recovery of dogs entering animal shelters. Studies one and two indicate that more than 100,000 dogs and more than 30,000 cats enter animal shelters annually in Spain. We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats. Two-thirds of dogs and cats entering shelters were found as strays, while the rest were relinquished directly to the shelter. Most pets admitted to animal shelters were adult, non-purebred, and without a microchip, with the majority of dogs being medium sized. Adult dogs spent significantly more time in shelters than puppies. While most animals were either adopted or recovered by their owner, a considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized. The identification of dogs with a microchip increased by 3-fold the likelihood of them being returned to the owner.

No MeSH data available.