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Effect of Provision of Feed and Water during Transport on the Welfare of Weaned Pigs.

Garcia A, Pirner G, Picinin G, May M, Guay K, Backus B, Sutherland M, McGlone J - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: WEAN+, WEAN-, TRANS+, and TRANS- groups all had a loss in body weight of 5.9% ± 0.45%, 7.8% ± 0.45%, 6.5% ± 0.45% and 9.1% ± 0.46%, respectively.TRANS+ females had higher creatine kinase (CK) levels than males (p < 0.05).Significant changes in behavior were observed during and after transportation, which could also be indicative of stress.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA. arlene.garcia@ttu.edu.

ABSTRACT
Transportation is a complex stressor made up of factors including weaning itself and withdrawal from feed and water. Therefore, transportation has the potential to negatively impact the health and welfare of weaned pigs. Pigs were transported for 32 h and measures of performance, physiology, and behavior were taken to assess piglet welfare. Treatment groups included pigs not weaned or transported (CON), weaned pigs provided with feed and water (WEAN+), weaned pigs not provided with feed and water (WEAN-), weaned and transported pigs provided with feed and water (TRANS+), and weaned and transported pigs not provided with feed and water (TRANS-). Body weight loss was different among treatments (p < 0.01). CON pigs had a 6.5% ± 0.45% gain in body weight after 32 h. WEAN+, WEAN-, TRANS+, and TRANS- groups all had a loss in body weight of 5.9% ± 0.45%, 7.8% ± 0.45%, 6.5% ± 0.45% and 9.1% ± 0.46%, respectively. The N:L was greater in all weaned pigs at 8 h compared to CON pigs (p < 0.01). WEAN- and transported pigs had significantly higher N:L than CON pigs from 8 h through 16 h, however, all treatment groups were similar to CON pigs after 16 h irrespective of provision of feed and water. Blood glucose levels were lower in transported and/or weaned pigs than CON pigs after 16 h irrespective of the provision of feed and water. TRANS+ females had higher creatine kinase (CK) levels than males (p < 0.05). After a 16 h transport period, TRANS- pigs had higher total plasma protein (TP) levels than all other treatment groups (p < 0.05). Significant changes in behavior were observed during and after transportation, which could also be indicative of stress. Overall, transportation and weaning had a negative effect on performance, physiology and behavior (both during and post-weaning) of pigs, especially when feed and water was not provided. Transporting pigs without feed and water for more than 24 h was a welfare concern as indicated by changes in body weight and physiology measures of stress.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Least squares means ± SEM for percent change in body weight over 32 h for pigs weaned and/or transported with or without feed and water, and for non-weaned non-transported pigs (CON) (p < 0.01). Treatments: not weaned, not transported (CON; n = 24); weaned, not transported, provided feed and water (WEAN+; n = 24); weaned, not transported and not provided feed and water (WEAN−; n = 24); weaned and transported, provided feed and water (TRANS+; n = 24); and weaned and transported, not provided feed and water (TRANS−; n = 24). CON is different from all other treatments at p < 0.05 and TRANS− is different from WEAN+ at p < 0.05.
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animals-05-00363-f001: Least squares means ± SEM for percent change in body weight over 32 h for pigs weaned and/or transported with or without feed and water, and for non-weaned non-transported pigs (CON) (p < 0.01). Treatments: not weaned, not transported (CON; n = 24); weaned, not transported, provided feed and water (WEAN+; n = 24); weaned, not transported and not provided feed and water (WEAN−; n = 24); weaned and transported, provided feed and water (TRANS+; n = 24); and weaned and transported, not provided feed and water (TRANS−; n = 24). CON is different from all other treatments at p < 0.05 and TRANS− is different from WEAN+ at p < 0.05.

Mentions: The treatment by time interaction was significant for percent change in body weights (p < 0.01). All treatments were different from the CON group at 8 h (Figure 1). TRANS− pigs differed in percent loss in body weight from WEAN+ and TRANS+ pigs at 24 h (p < 0.05), but did not differ from the WEAN− group. At 32 h, TRANS− pigs differed in percent loss in body weight from all treatment groups (p < 0.05). WEAN+ pigs had a similar loss in body weight as TRANS+ pigs, but differed from WEAN− and TRANS− pigs (p < 0.05). The additional loss in percent body weight recorded in TRANS− and WEAN− pigs was likely due to the lack of feed and water. These findings have also been documented in slaughter weight pigs that have been transported and fasted for 25 to 48 h [5,11,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31].


Effect of Provision of Feed and Water during Transport on the Welfare of Weaned Pigs.

Garcia A, Pirner G, Picinin G, May M, Guay K, Backus B, Sutherland M, McGlone J - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Least squares means ± SEM for percent change in body weight over 32 h for pigs weaned and/or transported with or without feed and water, and for non-weaned non-transported pigs (CON) (p < 0.01). Treatments: not weaned, not transported (CON; n = 24); weaned, not transported, provided feed and water (WEAN+; n = 24); weaned, not transported and not provided feed and water (WEAN−; n = 24); weaned and transported, provided feed and water (TRANS+; n = 24); and weaned and transported, not provided feed and water (TRANS−; n = 24). CON is different from all other treatments at p < 0.05 and TRANS− is different from WEAN+ at p < 0.05.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494410&req=5

animals-05-00363-f001: Least squares means ± SEM for percent change in body weight over 32 h for pigs weaned and/or transported with or without feed and water, and for non-weaned non-transported pigs (CON) (p < 0.01). Treatments: not weaned, not transported (CON; n = 24); weaned, not transported, provided feed and water (WEAN+; n = 24); weaned, not transported and not provided feed and water (WEAN−; n = 24); weaned and transported, provided feed and water (TRANS+; n = 24); and weaned and transported, not provided feed and water (TRANS−; n = 24). CON is different from all other treatments at p < 0.05 and TRANS− is different from WEAN+ at p < 0.05.
Mentions: The treatment by time interaction was significant for percent change in body weights (p < 0.01). All treatments were different from the CON group at 8 h (Figure 1). TRANS− pigs differed in percent loss in body weight from WEAN+ and TRANS+ pigs at 24 h (p < 0.05), but did not differ from the WEAN− group. At 32 h, TRANS− pigs differed in percent loss in body weight from all treatment groups (p < 0.05). WEAN+ pigs had a similar loss in body weight as TRANS+ pigs, but differed from WEAN− and TRANS− pigs (p < 0.05). The additional loss in percent body weight recorded in TRANS− and WEAN− pigs was likely due to the lack of feed and water. These findings have also been documented in slaughter weight pigs that have been transported and fasted for 25 to 48 h [5,11,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31].

Bottom Line: WEAN+, WEAN-, TRANS+, and TRANS- groups all had a loss in body weight of 5.9% ± 0.45%, 7.8% ± 0.45%, 6.5% ± 0.45% and 9.1% ± 0.46%, respectively.TRANS+ females had higher creatine kinase (CK) levels than males (p < 0.05).Significant changes in behavior were observed during and after transportation, which could also be indicative of stress.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA. arlene.garcia@ttu.edu.

ABSTRACT
Transportation is a complex stressor made up of factors including weaning itself and withdrawal from feed and water. Therefore, transportation has the potential to negatively impact the health and welfare of weaned pigs. Pigs were transported for 32 h and measures of performance, physiology, and behavior were taken to assess piglet welfare. Treatment groups included pigs not weaned or transported (CON), weaned pigs provided with feed and water (WEAN+), weaned pigs not provided with feed and water (WEAN-), weaned and transported pigs provided with feed and water (TRANS+), and weaned and transported pigs not provided with feed and water (TRANS-). Body weight loss was different among treatments (p < 0.01). CON pigs had a 6.5% ± 0.45% gain in body weight after 32 h. WEAN+, WEAN-, TRANS+, and TRANS- groups all had a loss in body weight of 5.9% ± 0.45%, 7.8% ± 0.45%, 6.5% ± 0.45% and 9.1% ± 0.46%, respectively. The N:L was greater in all weaned pigs at 8 h compared to CON pigs (p < 0.01). WEAN- and transported pigs had significantly higher N:L than CON pigs from 8 h through 16 h, however, all treatment groups were similar to CON pigs after 16 h irrespective of provision of feed and water. Blood glucose levels were lower in transported and/or weaned pigs than CON pigs after 16 h irrespective of the provision of feed and water. TRANS+ females had higher creatine kinase (CK) levels than males (p < 0.05). After a 16 h transport period, TRANS- pigs had higher total plasma protein (TP) levels than all other treatment groups (p < 0.05). Significant changes in behavior were observed during and after transportation, which could also be indicative of stress. Overall, transportation and weaning had a negative effect on performance, physiology and behavior (both during and post-weaning) of pigs, especially when feed and water was not provided. Transporting pigs without feed and water for more than 24 h was a welfare concern as indicated by changes in body weight and physiology measures of stress.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus