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Assessing Food Preferences in Dogs and Cats: A Review of the Current Methods.

Tobie C, Péron F, Larose C - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: Palatability-foods' characteristics enticing animals and leading them to consumption-is therefore a key element to look at.Based on the type of information needed, different pet populations (expert or naïve) can be tested to access their preference and acceptance for different food products.Classical techniques are the one-bowl and two-bowl tests, but complementary (i.e., operant conditioning) and novel (i.e., exploratory behavior) approaches are available to gather more information on the evaluation of petfood palatability.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: SPF Diana, ZA du Gohélis, Elven 56250, France. ctobie@diana-petfood.com.

ABSTRACT
Food is a major aspect of pet care; therefore, ensuring that pet foods are not only healthful but attractive to companion animals and their owners is essential. The petfood market remains active and requires ongoing evaluation of the adaptation and efficiency of the new products. Palatability-foods' characteristics enticing animals and leading them to consumption-is therefore a key element to look at. Based on the type of information needed, different pet populations (expert or naïve) can be tested to access their preference and acceptance for different food products. Classical techniques are the one-bowl and two-bowl tests, but complementary (i.e., operant conditioning) and novel (i.e., exploratory behavior) approaches are available to gather more information on the evaluation of petfood palatability.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Four dry cat foods, differing only by the composition of the palatability enhancer applied in coating, were evaluated in sequential monadic conditions by a 40 cats expert panel (Panelis). Individual data such as time and quantities eaten were recorded automatically during a 20 h period. (A) average consumption per passage (adjusted mean +SEM); (B) average time before the first visit (adjusted mean + SEM); and (C) cumulative average consumption across time. Differing letters identify significant differences between the products (p < 0.05).
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animals-05-00126-f004: Four dry cat foods, differing only by the composition of the palatability enhancer applied in coating, were evaluated in sequential monadic conditions by a 40 cats expert panel (Panelis). Individual data such as time and quantities eaten were recorded automatically during a 20 h period. (A) average consumption per passage (adjusted mean +SEM); (B) average time before the first visit (adjusted mean + SEM); and (C) cumulative average consumption across time. Differing letters identify significant differences between the products (p < 0.05).

Mentions: Fine-grained measurement is the cumulative amount eaten on a moment-by-moment basis during the test used both for one-bowl and two-bowl tests. This approach can provide quantitative information about individual feeding styles (rapid eaters vs. slow eaters), the way animals distribute their feeding between two foods in a choice test and, in some cases, the initial disruptive effects of a new diet [18]. Using the one-bowl method on a preset period of 20 h with a follow up of the quantity consumed helps to compare the profile of acceptance of the different products [23], which did not distinguish one from the other during the preference test. Kinetics can be used to measure new indicators of performance and enjoyment, including criteria reflecting attractiveness: average time before the first visit (passage or feeding events), average consumption per feeding events, number of passage without consumption, etc. (see Figure 4).


Assessing Food Preferences in Dogs and Cats: A Review of the Current Methods.

Tobie C, Péron F, Larose C - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Four dry cat foods, differing only by the composition of the palatability enhancer applied in coating, were evaluated in sequential monadic conditions by a 40 cats expert panel (Panelis). Individual data such as time and quantities eaten were recorded automatically during a 20 h period. (A) average consumption per passage (adjusted mean +SEM); (B) average time before the first visit (adjusted mean + SEM); and (C) cumulative average consumption across time. Differing letters identify significant differences between the products (p < 0.05).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494339&req=5

animals-05-00126-f004: Four dry cat foods, differing only by the composition of the palatability enhancer applied in coating, were evaluated in sequential monadic conditions by a 40 cats expert panel (Panelis). Individual data such as time and quantities eaten were recorded automatically during a 20 h period. (A) average consumption per passage (adjusted mean +SEM); (B) average time before the first visit (adjusted mean + SEM); and (C) cumulative average consumption across time. Differing letters identify significant differences between the products (p < 0.05).
Mentions: Fine-grained measurement is the cumulative amount eaten on a moment-by-moment basis during the test used both for one-bowl and two-bowl tests. This approach can provide quantitative information about individual feeding styles (rapid eaters vs. slow eaters), the way animals distribute their feeding between two foods in a choice test and, in some cases, the initial disruptive effects of a new diet [18]. Using the one-bowl method on a preset period of 20 h with a follow up of the quantity consumed helps to compare the profile of acceptance of the different products [23], which did not distinguish one from the other during the preference test. Kinetics can be used to measure new indicators of performance and enjoyment, including criteria reflecting attractiveness: average time before the first visit (passage or feeding events), average consumption per feeding events, number of passage without consumption, etc. (see Figure 4).

Bottom Line: Palatability-foods' characteristics enticing animals and leading them to consumption-is therefore a key element to look at.Based on the type of information needed, different pet populations (expert or naïve) can be tested to access their preference and acceptance for different food products.Classical techniques are the one-bowl and two-bowl tests, but complementary (i.e., operant conditioning) and novel (i.e., exploratory behavior) approaches are available to gather more information on the evaluation of petfood palatability.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: SPF Diana, ZA du Gohélis, Elven 56250, France. ctobie@diana-petfood.com.

ABSTRACT
Food is a major aspect of pet care; therefore, ensuring that pet foods are not only healthful but attractive to companion animals and their owners is essential. The petfood market remains active and requires ongoing evaluation of the adaptation and efficiency of the new products. Palatability-foods' characteristics enticing animals and leading them to consumption-is therefore a key element to look at. Based on the type of information needed, different pet populations (expert or naïve) can be tested to access their preference and acceptance for different food products. Classical techniques are the one-bowl and two-bowl tests, but complementary (i.e., operant conditioning) and novel (i.e., exploratory behavior) approaches are available to gather more information on the evaluation of petfood palatability.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus