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Selecting a Conservation Surrogate Species for Small Fragmented Habitats Using Ecological Niche Modelling.

Nekaris KA, Arnell AP, Svensson MS - Animals (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: We tested these for umbrella characteristics against the original shortlist, utilizing Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) modelling, and analysed distribution overlap using ArcGIS.The criteria highlighted Loris tardigradus tardigradus and Prionailurus viverrinus as finalists, with the former having highest flagship potential.We suggest Cinderella species can be effective conservation surrogates especially in habitats where traditional flagship species have been extirpated.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Nocturnal Primate Research Group, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, OX3 0BP, UK. anekaris@brookes.ac.uk.

ABSTRACT
Flagship species are traditionally large, charismatic animals used to rally conservation efforts. Accepted flagship definitions suggest they need only fulfil a strategic role, unlike umbrella species that are used to shelter cohabitant taxa. The criteria used to select both flagship and umbrella species may not stand up in the face of dramatic forest loss, where remaining fragments may only contain species that do not suit either set of criteria. The Cinderella species concept covers aesthetically pleasing and overlooked species that fulfil the criteria of flagships or umbrellas. Such species are also more likely to occur in fragmented habitats. We tested Cinderella criteria on mammals in the fragmented forests of the Sri Lankan Wet Zone. We selected taxa that fulfilled both strategic and ecological roles. We created a shortlist of ten species, and from a survey of local perceptions highlighted two finalists. We tested these for umbrella characteristics against the original shortlist, utilizing Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) modelling, and analysed distribution overlap using ArcGIS. The criteria highlighted Loris tardigradus tardigradus and Prionailurus viverrinus as finalists, with the former having highest flagship potential. We suggest Cinderella species can be effective conservation surrogates especially in habitats where traditional flagship species have been extirpated.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A comparison of three flagship characteristics for shortlisted conservation surrogate candidates.
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animals-05-00027-f002: A comparison of three flagship characteristics for shortlisted conservation surrogate candidates.

Mentions: Eighty four Sri Lankan residents completed questionnaires, out of 110 potential respondents that were contacted. From these data we highlighted two species as finalists, red slender loris (Loris tardigradus tardigradus) and fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), as these were the only species with above average (>10%) scores for all three flagship criteria (Figure 2). Responses were significant for each of the three criteria assessed: “appeal” (χ2 = 48.23, df = 9, p < 0.01), “rainforest representation” (χ2 = 37.873, df = 9, p < 0.01), and “would travel furthest to see” (χ2 = 104.19, df = 9, p < 0.01). The rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi) and southern purple-faced langur (Trachypithecus vetulus vetulus) scored above average but not for all three categories. The lowest scoring species were Layard’s palm squirrel (Funambulus layardi) and the dusky striped squirrel (F. sublineatus). Comparing scores against group averages, after controlling for recognition, produced the same trends, with L. t. tardigradus and P. viverrinus both having greatest potential flagship characteristics.


Selecting a Conservation Surrogate Species for Small Fragmented Habitats Using Ecological Niche Modelling.

Nekaris KA, Arnell AP, Svensson MS - Animals (Basel) (2015)

A comparison of three flagship characteristics for shortlisted conservation surrogate candidates.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494338&req=5

animals-05-00027-f002: A comparison of three flagship characteristics for shortlisted conservation surrogate candidates.
Mentions: Eighty four Sri Lankan residents completed questionnaires, out of 110 potential respondents that were contacted. From these data we highlighted two species as finalists, red slender loris (Loris tardigradus tardigradus) and fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), as these were the only species with above average (>10%) scores for all three flagship criteria (Figure 2). Responses were significant for each of the three criteria assessed: “appeal” (χ2 = 48.23, df = 9, p < 0.01), “rainforest representation” (χ2 = 37.873, df = 9, p < 0.01), and “would travel furthest to see” (χ2 = 104.19, df = 9, p < 0.01). The rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi) and southern purple-faced langur (Trachypithecus vetulus vetulus) scored above average but not for all three categories. The lowest scoring species were Layard’s palm squirrel (Funambulus layardi) and the dusky striped squirrel (F. sublineatus). Comparing scores against group averages, after controlling for recognition, produced the same trends, with L. t. tardigradus and P. viverrinus both having greatest potential flagship characteristics.

Bottom Line: We tested these for umbrella characteristics against the original shortlist, utilizing Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) modelling, and analysed distribution overlap using ArcGIS.The criteria highlighted Loris tardigradus tardigradus and Prionailurus viverrinus as finalists, with the former having highest flagship potential.We suggest Cinderella species can be effective conservation surrogates especially in habitats where traditional flagship species have been extirpated.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Nocturnal Primate Research Group, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, OX3 0BP, UK. anekaris@brookes.ac.uk.

ABSTRACT
Flagship species are traditionally large, charismatic animals used to rally conservation efforts. Accepted flagship definitions suggest they need only fulfil a strategic role, unlike umbrella species that are used to shelter cohabitant taxa. The criteria used to select both flagship and umbrella species may not stand up in the face of dramatic forest loss, where remaining fragments may only contain species that do not suit either set of criteria. The Cinderella species concept covers aesthetically pleasing and overlooked species that fulfil the criteria of flagships or umbrellas. Such species are also more likely to occur in fragmented habitats. We tested Cinderella criteria on mammals in the fragmented forests of the Sri Lankan Wet Zone. We selected taxa that fulfilled both strategic and ecological roles. We created a shortlist of ten species, and from a survey of local perceptions highlighted two finalists. We tested these for umbrella characteristics against the original shortlist, utilizing Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) modelling, and analysed distribution overlap using ArcGIS. The criteria highlighted Loris tardigradus tardigradus and Prionailurus viverrinus as finalists, with the former having highest flagship potential. We suggest Cinderella species can be effective conservation surrogates especially in habitats where traditional flagship species have been extirpated.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus