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Adaptations and Predispositions of Different Middle European Arthropod Taxa (Collembola, Araneae, Chilopoda, Diplopoda) to Flooding and Drought Conditions.

Marx MT, Guhmann P, Decker P - Animals (Basel) (2012)

Bottom Line: Floodplain forests and wetlands are amongst the most diverse and species rich habitats on earth.Arthropods are a key group for the high diversity pattern of these landscapes, due to the fact that the change between flooding and drought causes in different life cycles and in a variety of adaptations in the different taxa.The floodplain forests and wetlands of Central Amazonia are well investigated and over the last 50 years many adaptations of several hexapod, myriapod and arachnid orders were described.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Department IV, Becherweg 13, 55128 Mainz, Germany. marxm@uni-mainz.de.

ABSTRACT
Floodplain forests and wetlands are amongst the most diverse and species rich habitats on earth. Arthropods are a key group for the high diversity pattern of these landscapes, due to the fact that the change between flooding and drought causes in different life cycles and in a variety of adaptations in the different taxa. The floodplain forests and wetlands of Central Amazonia are well investigated and over the last 50 years many adaptations of several hexapod, myriapod and arachnid orders were described. In contrast to Amazonia the Middle European floodplains were less investigated concerning the adaptations of arthropods to flood and drought conditions. This review summarizes the adaptations and predispositions of springtails, web spiders, millipedes and centipedes to the changeable flood and drought conditions of Middle European floodplain forests and wetlands. Furthermore the impact of regional climate change predictions like increasing aperiodic summer floods and the decrease of typical winter and spring floods are discussed in this article.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Different skin patterns of three collembolan families. (A,B) Entomobryidae: Typical honeycomb pattern made up of hexagonal granular units composed of microtubercles. (C,D) Isotomidae: More quadringular structure of the units. Note the uncovered regions of the furcal spines (C). (E,F) Onychiuridae: Secondary structure made of simple macrotubercles (E) and more complex macrotubercles (F). Bars: 100 nm (B), 200 nm (F), 300 nm (A,D,E), 2 µm (C). © Stephan Borensztajn.
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animals-02-00564-f001: Different skin patterns of three collembolan families. (A,B) Entomobryidae: Typical honeycomb pattern made up of hexagonal granular units composed of microtubercles. (C,D) Isotomidae: More quadringular structure of the units. Note the uncovered regions of the furcal spines (C). (E,F) Onychiuridae: Secondary structure made of simple macrotubercles (E) and more complex macrotubercles (F). Bars: 100 nm (B), 200 nm (F), 300 nm (A,D,E), 2 µm (C). © Stephan Borensztajn.

Mentions: Among the Collembola, there are numerous adaptations to life on or in water. These adaptations include morphological, physiological and behavioral traits. Morphological adaptations include special structures on the surface cuticle that inhibit descent below the water surface. The basic model of the Collembola epicuticular structure resembles a honeycomb pattern made up of hexagonal granular units composed of microtubercles (Figure 1) [58,59,60].


Adaptations and Predispositions of Different Middle European Arthropod Taxa (Collembola, Araneae, Chilopoda, Diplopoda) to Flooding and Drought Conditions.

Marx MT, Guhmann P, Decker P - Animals (Basel) (2012)

Different skin patterns of three collembolan families. (A,B) Entomobryidae: Typical honeycomb pattern made up of hexagonal granular units composed of microtubercles. (C,D) Isotomidae: More quadringular structure of the units. Note the uncovered regions of the furcal spines (C). (E,F) Onychiuridae: Secondary structure made of simple macrotubercles (E) and more complex macrotubercles (F). Bars: 100 nm (B), 200 nm (F), 300 nm (A,D,E), 2 µm (C). © Stephan Borensztajn.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494283&req=5

animals-02-00564-f001: Different skin patterns of three collembolan families. (A,B) Entomobryidae: Typical honeycomb pattern made up of hexagonal granular units composed of microtubercles. (C,D) Isotomidae: More quadringular structure of the units. Note the uncovered regions of the furcal spines (C). (E,F) Onychiuridae: Secondary structure made of simple macrotubercles (E) and more complex macrotubercles (F). Bars: 100 nm (B), 200 nm (F), 300 nm (A,D,E), 2 µm (C). © Stephan Borensztajn.
Mentions: Among the Collembola, there are numerous adaptations to life on or in water. These adaptations include morphological, physiological and behavioral traits. Morphological adaptations include special structures on the surface cuticle that inhibit descent below the water surface. The basic model of the Collembola epicuticular structure resembles a honeycomb pattern made up of hexagonal granular units composed of microtubercles (Figure 1) [58,59,60].

Bottom Line: Floodplain forests and wetlands are amongst the most diverse and species rich habitats on earth.Arthropods are a key group for the high diversity pattern of these landscapes, due to the fact that the change between flooding and drought causes in different life cycles and in a variety of adaptations in the different taxa.The floodplain forests and wetlands of Central Amazonia are well investigated and over the last 50 years many adaptations of several hexapod, myriapod and arachnid orders were described.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Department IV, Becherweg 13, 55128 Mainz, Germany. marxm@uni-mainz.de.

ABSTRACT
Floodplain forests and wetlands are amongst the most diverse and species rich habitats on earth. Arthropods are a key group for the high diversity pattern of these landscapes, due to the fact that the change between flooding and drought causes in different life cycles and in a variety of adaptations in the different taxa. The floodplain forests and wetlands of Central Amazonia are well investigated and over the last 50 years many adaptations of several hexapod, myriapod and arachnid orders were described. In contrast to Amazonia the Middle European floodplains were less investigated concerning the adaptations of arthropods to flood and drought conditions. This review summarizes the adaptations and predispositions of springtails, web spiders, millipedes and centipedes to the changeable flood and drought conditions of Middle European floodplain forests and wetlands. Furthermore the impact of regional climate change predictions like increasing aperiodic summer floods and the decrease of typical winter and spring floods are discussed in this article.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus