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Pet Ownership and Evacuation Prior to Hurricane Irene.

Hunt MG, Bogue K, Rohrbaugh N - Animals (Basel) (2012)

Bottom Line: Hurricane Irene hit the East Coast of the United States in 2011, providing an excellent opportunity to examine the impact of the PETS legislation on frequency and ease of evacuation among pet owners and non-pet owners.Pet ownership was not found to be a statistical risk factor for evacuation failure.However, many pet owners who failed to evacuate continue to cite pet related reasons.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. mhunt@psych.upenn.edu.

ABSTRACT
Pet ownership has historically been one of the biggest risk factors for evacuation failure prior to natural disasters. The forced abandonment of pets during Hurricane Katrina in 2005 made national headlines and led to the passage of the Pet Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act (PETS, 2006) which mandated local authorities to plan for companion animal evacuation. Hurricane Irene hit the East Coast of the United States in 2011, providing an excellent opportunity to examine the impact of the PETS legislation on frequency and ease of evacuation among pet owners and non-pet owners. Ninety pet owners and 27 non-pet owners who lived in mandatory evacuation zones completed questionnaires assessing their experiences during the hurricane and symptoms of depression, PTSD, dissociative experiences, and acute stress. Pet ownership was not found to be a statistical risk factor for evacuation failure. However, many pet owners who failed to evacuate continue to cite pet related reasons.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Symptoms of acute stress by level of property damage.
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animals-02-00529-f004: Symptoms of acute stress by level of property damage.

Mentions: No participants in our study lost a pet during Hurricane Irene. In addition, none of our participants reported loss of human life among their family or friends. Overall rates of symptoms of psychopathology were fairly low (BDI: M = 6, SD = 7.6; PSSSR: M = 2.8, SD = 5; PDEQ: M = 12, SD = 6.7; SASRQ: M = 3.4, SD = 7). Two conservative omnibus MANOVAs were carried out predicting psychopathology symptoms by pet ownership and by evacuation status. Neither was significant. All psychopathology scales were significantly correlated with each other (all r > 0.23, all p < 0.05). Only two significant associations between hurricane specific factors and psychopathology emerged. First, acute stress, peri-traumatic dissociation and PTSD symptoms were all positively correlated with level of property damage (all r > 0.30, all p < 0.01). Second, the individuals who reported experiencing injury during the hurricane reported significantly higher levels of clinical distress across all measures (all t(94) > 2.3, all p < 0.05). See Figure 4.


Pet Ownership and Evacuation Prior to Hurricane Irene.

Hunt MG, Bogue K, Rohrbaugh N - Animals (Basel) (2012)

Symptoms of acute stress by level of property damage.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494278&req=5

animals-02-00529-f004: Symptoms of acute stress by level of property damage.
Mentions: No participants in our study lost a pet during Hurricane Irene. In addition, none of our participants reported loss of human life among their family or friends. Overall rates of symptoms of psychopathology were fairly low (BDI: M = 6, SD = 7.6; PSSSR: M = 2.8, SD = 5; PDEQ: M = 12, SD = 6.7; SASRQ: M = 3.4, SD = 7). Two conservative omnibus MANOVAs were carried out predicting psychopathology symptoms by pet ownership and by evacuation status. Neither was significant. All psychopathology scales were significantly correlated with each other (all r > 0.23, all p < 0.05). Only two significant associations between hurricane specific factors and psychopathology emerged. First, acute stress, peri-traumatic dissociation and PTSD symptoms were all positively correlated with level of property damage (all r > 0.30, all p < 0.01). Second, the individuals who reported experiencing injury during the hurricane reported significantly higher levels of clinical distress across all measures (all t(94) > 2.3, all p < 0.05). See Figure 4.

Bottom Line: Hurricane Irene hit the East Coast of the United States in 2011, providing an excellent opportunity to examine the impact of the PETS legislation on frequency and ease of evacuation among pet owners and non-pet owners.Pet ownership was not found to be a statistical risk factor for evacuation failure.However, many pet owners who failed to evacuate continue to cite pet related reasons.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. mhunt@psych.upenn.edu.

ABSTRACT
Pet ownership has historically been one of the biggest risk factors for evacuation failure prior to natural disasters. The forced abandonment of pets during Hurricane Katrina in 2005 made national headlines and led to the passage of the Pet Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act (PETS, 2006) which mandated local authorities to plan for companion animal evacuation. Hurricane Irene hit the East Coast of the United States in 2011, providing an excellent opportunity to examine the impact of the PETS legislation on frequency and ease of evacuation among pet owners and non-pet owners. Ninety pet owners and 27 non-pet owners who lived in mandatory evacuation zones completed questionnaires assessing their experiences during the hurricane and symptoms of depression, PTSD, dissociative experiences, and acute stress. Pet ownership was not found to be a statistical risk factor for evacuation failure. However, many pet owners who failed to evacuate continue to cite pet related reasons.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus