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Social Environment and Control Status of Companion Animal-Borne Zoonoses in Japan.

Takahashi-Omoe H, Omoe K - Animals (Basel) (2012)

Bottom Line: Moreover, the number of Japanese households are keeping companion animals has also risen.The fact that no case of human and animal rabies has been reported over the past 50 years indicates that these measures are highly effective in preventing rabies transmission.Although it is known that the total number of possible companion animal-borne zoonosis outbreaks decreased between 2005 and 2009 when compared with numbers between 2001 and 2004, the number of zoonosis cases that can be attributed to transmission by companion animals remains unclear.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Science and Technology Foresight Center, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Kasumigaseki 3-2-2, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0013, Japan. omoe@nistep.go.jp.

ABSTRACT
Changing social and environmental factors have been the cause of an increase in the number and variety of animals are being imported into Japan. Moreover, the number of Japanese households are keeping companion animals has also risen. These factors, along with the high density of the Japanese population and the low percentage of registered dogs, have increased the risk of animal-to-human transmission of zoonoses. To control zoonosis outbreaks, the Japanese government has implemented a three-stage approach for the border control of zoonoses and has stipulated the monitoring and reporting of eight companion animal-borne zoonoses under the Rabies Prevention Law and the Infectious Diseases Control Law. The fact that no case of human and animal rabies has been reported over the past 50 years indicates that these measures are highly effective in preventing rabies transmission. Although it is known that the total number of possible companion animal-borne zoonosis outbreaks decreased between 2005 and 2009 when compared with numbers between 2001 and 2004, the number of zoonosis cases that can be attributed to transmission by companion animals remains unclear. Active surveillance should be conducted on a national level to collect the data necessary to determine this number and identify trends in companion-animal transmitted diseases. Using the data collected, regulation systems should be evaluated to determine whether they have met reasonable goals and policy planning conducted for the control of emerging diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Regulatory framework for the restriction of imports of companion animals into Japan. This figure focuses on possible common household pets as dogs, cats, rodents, and so on. Other than these animals, these laws also cover wild animals and animals used for research or exhibition. Refer to [4] to understand the whole picture of the border zoonosis control in Japan.
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animals-02-00038-f001: Regulatory framework for the restriction of imports of companion animals into Japan. This figure focuses on possible common household pets as dogs, cats, rodents, and so on. Other than these animals, these laws also cover wild animals and animals used for research or exhibition. Refer to [4] to understand the whole picture of the border zoonosis control in Japan.

Mentions: To prevent the introduction of zoonoses by animals imported into Japan, the government has restricted animal import by banning the import of certain species, requiring the quarantine of certain other species, and/or requiring the submission of health certificates. Figure 1 shows the regulatory framework for the restrictions on animals that can be imported as companion animals [4].


Social Environment and Control Status of Companion Animal-Borne Zoonoses in Japan.

Takahashi-Omoe H, Omoe K - Animals (Basel) (2012)

Regulatory framework for the restriction of imports of companion animals into Japan. This figure focuses on possible common household pets as dogs, cats, rodents, and so on. Other than these animals, these laws also cover wild animals and animals used for research or exhibition. Refer to [4] to understand the whole picture of the border zoonosis control in Japan.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4494268&req=5

animals-02-00038-f001: Regulatory framework for the restriction of imports of companion animals into Japan. This figure focuses on possible common household pets as dogs, cats, rodents, and so on. Other than these animals, these laws also cover wild animals and animals used for research or exhibition. Refer to [4] to understand the whole picture of the border zoonosis control in Japan.
Mentions: To prevent the introduction of zoonoses by animals imported into Japan, the government has restricted animal import by banning the import of certain species, requiring the quarantine of certain other species, and/or requiring the submission of health certificates. Figure 1 shows the regulatory framework for the restrictions on animals that can be imported as companion animals [4].

Bottom Line: Moreover, the number of Japanese households are keeping companion animals has also risen.The fact that no case of human and animal rabies has been reported over the past 50 years indicates that these measures are highly effective in preventing rabies transmission.Although it is known that the total number of possible companion animal-borne zoonosis outbreaks decreased between 2005 and 2009 when compared with numbers between 2001 and 2004, the number of zoonosis cases that can be attributed to transmission by companion animals remains unclear.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Science and Technology Foresight Center, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Kasumigaseki 3-2-2, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0013, Japan. omoe@nistep.go.jp.

ABSTRACT
Changing social and environmental factors have been the cause of an increase in the number and variety of animals are being imported into Japan. Moreover, the number of Japanese households are keeping companion animals has also risen. These factors, along with the high density of the Japanese population and the low percentage of registered dogs, have increased the risk of animal-to-human transmission of zoonoses. To control zoonosis outbreaks, the Japanese government has implemented a three-stage approach for the border control of zoonoses and has stipulated the monitoring and reporting of eight companion animal-borne zoonoses under the Rabies Prevention Law and the Infectious Diseases Control Law. The fact that no case of human and animal rabies has been reported over the past 50 years indicates that these measures are highly effective in preventing rabies transmission. Although it is known that the total number of possible companion animal-borne zoonosis outbreaks decreased between 2005 and 2009 when compared with numbers between 2001 and 2004, the number of zoonosis cases that can be attributed to transmission by companion animals remains unclear. Active surveillance should be conducted on a national level to collect the data necessary to determine this number and identify trends in companion-animal transmitted diseases. Using the data collected, regulation systems should be evaluated to determine whether they have met reasonable goals and policy planning conducted for the control of emerging diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus