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Health status and health-related quality of life of municipal waste collection workers - a cross-sectional survey.

Velasco Garrido M, Bittner C, Harth V, Preisser AM - J Occup Med Toxicol (2015)

Bottom Line: The presence of back pain was associated with limitations in HRQoL (RR 3.1; 95 %-CI 1.5-6.1).The EQ5D VAS score was statistically significantly lower among waste collectors with back pain (77.9 SD 14.1) compared to those with no back complaints (88.0 SD 7.6, p < 0.01).Interventions to enhance ergonomic work are needed in order to reduce back complaints and enhance HRQoL in this occupational group.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Seewartenstrasse 10, 20459 Hamburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT

Background: Waste collection workers are exposed to several occupational stressors which may affect their quality of life. Our aim was to assess the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of municipal waste collection workers of a big German city.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with a non-random sample of 65 (62 male, 3 female) workers of the Hamburg sanitation department, volunteering to participate in the study. We assessed the prevalence of reported health complaints and health problems. HRQoL was assessed with the self-administered EQ-5D-5L questionnaire and its visual analogue scale (VAS).

Results: The most common health problems were musculoskeletal complaints (back pain reported by 67.2 %, other musculoskeletal complaints 15.4 %). Asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was reported by 15.4 % of the workers. All participants reporting having a diagnosis of asthma or COPD had been or were active smokers. Our findings indicate an impaired HRQoL among the investigated occupational group. Regarding EQ-5D 68.3 % reported at least "slight" problems in one or more dimensions, and almost one third (31.7 %) reported "no problems" in any dimension. Problems were most frequently reported in the dimension "pain/discomfort" (64.1 % of the workers). The mean VAS value was 80.9 (13.2). The presence of back pain was associated with limitations in HRQoL (RR 3.1; 95 %-CI 1.5-6.1). The EQ5D VAS score was statistically significantly lower among waste collectors with back pain (77.9 SD 14.1) compared to those with no back complaints (88.0 SD 7.6, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Back complaints are common among municipal waste collectors and are associated with considerable impairments in their HRQoL. Interventions to enhance ergonomic work are needed in order to reduce back complaints and enhance HRQoL in this occupational group.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of VAS-scores. [N = 62; 3 missing values]
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Fig1: Distribution of VAS-scores. [N = 62; 3 missing values]

Mentions: The distribution of the VAS scores is shown in Fig. 1. All but 3 participants rated their HRQoL in the VAS. The mean EQ5D VAS score was 80.9 (SD 13.2); the lowest score was 50, the highest 100.Fig. 1


Health status and health-related quality of life of municipal waste collection workers - a cross-sectional survey.

Velasco Garrido M, Bittner C, Harth V, Preisser AM - J Occup Med Toxicol (2015)

Distribution of VAS-scores. [N = 62; 3 missing values]
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493964&req=5

Fig1: Distribution of VAS-scores. [N = 62; 3 missing values]
Mentions: The distribution of the VAS scores is shown in Fig. 1. All but 3 participants rated their HRQoL in the VAS. The mean EQ5D VAS score was 80.9 (SD 13.2); the lowest score was 50, the highest 100.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: The presence of back pain was associated with limitations in HRQoL (RR 3.1; 95 %-CI 1.5-6.1).The EQ5D VAS score was statistically significantly lower among waste collectors with back pain (77.9 SD 14.1) compared to those with no back complaints (88.0 SD 7.6, p < 0.01).Interventions to enhance ergonomic work are needed in order to reduce back complaints and enhance HRQoL in this occupational group.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Seewartenstrasse 10, 20459 Hamburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT

Background: Waste collection workers are exposed to several occupational stressors which may affect their quality of life. Our aim was to assess the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of municipal waste collection workers of a big German city.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with a non-random sample of 65 (62 male, 3 female) workers of the Hamburg sanitation department, volunteering to participate in the study. We assessed the prevalence of reported health complaints and health problems. HRQoL was assessed with the self-administered EQ-5D-5L questionnaire and its visual analogue scale (VAS).

Results: The most common health problems were musculoskeletal complaints (back pain reported by 67.2 %, other musculoskeletal complaints 15.4 %). Asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was reported by 15.4 % of the workers. All participants reporting having a diagnosis of asthma or COPD had been or were active smokers. Our findings indicate an impaired HRQoL among the investigated occupational group. Regarding EQ-5D 68.3 % reported at least "slight" problems in one or more dimensions, and almost one third (31.7 %) reported "no problems" in any dimension. Problems were most frequently reported in the dimension "pain/discomfort" (64.1 % of the workers). The mean VAS value was 80.9 (13.2). The presence of back pain was associated with limitations in HRQoL (RR 3.1; 95 %-CI 1.5-6.1). The EQ5D VAS score was statistically significantly lower among waste collectors with back pain (77.9 SD 14.1) compared to those with no back complaints (88.0 SD 7.6, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Back complaints are common among municipal waste collectors and are associated with considerable impairments in their HRQoL. Interventions to enhance ergonomic work are needed in order to reduce back complaints and enhance HRQoL in this occupational group.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus