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Prosthesis design and placement in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

Ackland DC, Patel M, Knox D - J Orthop Surg Res (2015)

Bottom Line: Patient selection, surgical approach and post-operative management are factors vital to successful outcome of RSA, with implant design and component positioning having a significant influence on the ability of the shoulder muscles to elevate, axially rotate and stabilise the humerus.Clinical and biomechanical studies have revealed that component design and placement affects the location of the joint centre of rotation and therefore the force-generating capacity of the muscles and overall joint mobility and stability.Furthermore, surgical technique has also been shown to have an important influence on clinical outcome of RSA, as it can affect intra-operative joint exposure as well as post-operative muscle function.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia. dackland@unimelb.edu.au.

ABSTRACT
The management of irreparable rotator cuff tears associated with osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint has long been challenging. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) was designed to provide pain relief and improve shoulder function in patients with severe rotator cuff tear arthropathy. While this procedure has been known to reduce pain, improve strength and increase range of motion in shoulder elevation, scapular notching, rotation deficiency, early implant loosening and dislocation have attributed to complication rates as high as 62%. Patient selection, surgical approach and post-operative management are factors vital to successful outcome of RSA, with implant design and component positioning having a significant influence on the ability of the shoulder muscles to elevate, axially rotate and stabilise the humerus. Clinical and biomechanical studies have revealed that component design and placement affects the location of the joint centre of rotation and therefore the force-generating capacity of the muscles and overall joint mobility and stability. Furthermore, surgical technique has also been shown to have an important influence on clinical outcome of RSA, as it can affect intra-operative joint exposure as well as post-operative muscle function. This review discusses the behaviour of the shoulder after RSA and the influence of implant design, component positioning and surgical technique on post-operative joint function and clinical outcome.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Diagram illustrating joint centre of rotation location for the anatomical shoulder (a), reverse shoulder (b) and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component (c). Medialisation after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is shown, as well as lateralisation due to a lateral-offset glenoid component. Black, red and green bull’s-eyes indicate joint centre of rotation position for the anatomical shoulder, reverse shoulder and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component, respectively
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Fig2: Diagram illustrating joint centre of rotation location for the anatomical shoulder (a), reverse shoulder (b) and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component (c). Medialisation after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is shown, as well as lateralisation due to a lateral-offset glenoid component. Black, red and green bull’s-eyes indicate joint centre of rotation position for the anatomical shoulder, reverse shoulder and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component, respectively

Mentions: The Grammont reverse shoulder prosthesis is a semi-constrained implant design. It features a polyethylene humeral cup and a polished cobalt-chromium-molybdenum hemispherical glenoid component (glenosphere). The positioning and geometry of the glenoid component results in a joint centre of rotation located at the glenoid-bone-prosthesis interface. It has been reported that the reverse shoulder prosthesis design shifts the joint centre of rotation medially by up to 20.9 mm, relative to the anatomical shoulder [36] (Fig. 2a, b). This change in geometry of the shoulder joint has four significant mechanical consequences.Fig. 2


Prosthesis design and placement in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

Ackland DC, Patel M, Knox D - J Orthop Surg Res (2015)

Diagram illustrating joint centre of rotation location for the anatomical shoulder (a), reverse shoulder (b) and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component (c). Medialisation after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is shown, as well as lateralisation due to a lateral-offset glenoid component. Black, red and green bull’s-eyes indicate joint centre of rotation position for the anatomical shoulder, reverse shoulder and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component, respectively
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493953&req=5

Fig2: Diagram illustrating joint centre of rotation location for the anatomical shoulder (a), reverse shoulder (b) and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component (c). Medialisation after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is shown, as well as lateralisation due to a lateral-offset glenoid component. Black, red and green bull’s-eyes indicate joint centre of rotation position for the anatomical shoulder, reverse shoulder and reverse shoulder with a lateral-offset glenoid component, respectively
Mentions: The Grammont reverse shoulder prosthesis is a semi-constrained implant design. It features a polyethylene humeral cup and a polished cobalt-chromium-molybdenum hemispherical glenoid component (glenosphere). The positioning and geometry of the glenoid component results in a joint centre of rotation located at the glenoid-bone-prosthesis interface. It has been reported that the reverse shoulder prosthesis design shifts the joint centre of rotation medially by up to 20.9 mm, relative to the anatomical shoulder [36] (Fig. 2a, b). This change in geometry of the shoulder joint has four significant mechanical consequences.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Patient selection, surgical approach and post-operative management are factors vital to successful outcome of RSA, with implant design and component positioning having a significant influence on the ability of the shoulder muscles to elevate, axially rotate and stabilise the humerus.Clinical and biomechanical studies have revealed that component design and placement affects the location of the joint centre of rotation and therefore the force-generating capacity of the muscles and overall joint mobility and stability.Furthermore, surgical technique has also been shown to have an important influence on clinical outcome of RSA, as it can affect intra-operative joint exposure as well as post-operative muscle function.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia. dackland@unimelb.edu.au.

ABSTRACT
The management of irreparable rotator cuff tears associated with osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint has long been challenging. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) was designed to provide pain relief and improve shoulder function in patients with severe rotator cuff tear arthropathy. While this procedure has been known to reduce pain, improve strength and increase range of motion in shoulder elevation, scapular notching, rotation deficiency, early implant loosening and dislocation have attributed to complication rates as high as 62%. Patient selection, surgical approach and post-operative management are factors vital to successful outcome of RSA, with implant design and component positioning having a significant influence on the ability of the shoulder muscles to elevate, axially rotate and stabilise the humerus. Clinical and biomechanical studies have revealed that component design and placement affects the location of the joint centre of rotation and therefore the force-generating capacity of the muscles and overall joint mobility and stability. Furthermore, surgical technique has also been shown to have an important influence on clinical outcome of RSA, as it can affect intra-operative joint exposure as well as post-operative muscle function. This review discusses the behaviour of the shoulder after RSA and the influence of implant design, component positioning and surgical technique on post-operative joint function and clinical outcome.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus