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The effects of subjective loss of control on risk-taking behavior: the mediating role of anger.

Beisswingert BM, Zhang K, Goetz T, Fang P, Fischbacher U - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior.Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability.These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Empirical Educational Research, University of Konstanz Konstanz, Germany ; Department of Empirical Educational Research, Thurgau University of Teacher Education Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger. An experimental paradigm for inducing externally caused and consequently externally attributed loss of control which should lead to experiences of anger was developed and pretested in a Pilot Study. The relationship between loss of control experiences, anger, and risk-taking behavior was investigated using two separate student samples from Germany (N = 84, 54% female) and China (N = 125; 64% female). In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior. Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability. These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Structural equation model for testing the indirect effect on a latent variable level in Main Experimental Study 2. This model also served as baseline model (Model 1) for testing the cross-cultural generalizability (Hypothesis 4). The coefficients represent standardized factor loadings and regression paths of the baseline model 1 in the Chinese sample (N = 125). ∗p < 0.05, ∗∗p < 0.01.
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Figure 10: Structural equation model for testing the indirect effect on a latent variable level in Main Experimental Study 2. This model also served as baseline model (Model 1) for testing the cross-cultural generalizability (Hypothesis 4). The coefficients represent standardized factor loadings and regression paths of the baseline model 1 in the Chinese sample (N = 125). ∗p < 0.05, ∗∗p < 0.01.

Mentions: Additionally, within the proposed models the indirect effects of the subjective loss of control manipulation on risk-taking behavior via anger were analyzed and tested for significance based on bootstrapping procedures. The results of the indirect effect analyses for all models and both samples are presented in Table 2. The results revealed a good overall fit for the baseline Model 1 [χ2(24) = 30.70, p = 0.163; CFI = 0.993; RMSEA = 0.037] and the indirect effects reached significance both in the German (standardized indirect effect: 0.15, p = 0.009, one-tailed, due to the directed effect) and Chinese sample (standardized indirect effect: 0.06, p = 0.039, one-tailed, due to the directed effect). Thus, the assumed mediating effect was supported and the invariance of the model form was confirmed in both samples. The Chinese sample’s standardized coefficients of the model are presented in Figure 10.


The effects of subjective loss of control on risk-taking behavior: the mediating role of anger.

Beisswingert BM, Zhang K, Goetz T, Fang P, Fischbacher U - Front Psychol (2015)

Structural equation model for testing the indirect effect on a latent variable level in Main Experimental Study 2. This model also served as baseline model (Model 1) for testing the cross-cultural generalizability (Hypothesis 4). The coefficients represent standardized factor loadings and regression paths of the baseline model 1 in the Chinese sample (N = 125). ∗p < 0.05, ∗∗p < 0.01.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493906&req=5

Figure 10: Structural equation model for testing the indirect effect on a latent variable level in Main Experimental Study 2. This model also served as baseline model (Model 1) for testing the cross-cultural generalizability (Hypothesis 4). The coefficients represent standardized factor loadings and regression paths of the baseline model 1 in the Chinese sample (N = 125). ∗p < 0.05, ∗∗p < 0.01.
Mentions: Additionally, within the proposed models the indirect effects of the subjective loss of control manipulation on risk-taking behavior via anger were analyzed and tested for significance based on bootstrapping procedures. The results of the indirect effect analyses for all models and both samples are presented in Table 2. The results revealed a good overall fit for the baseline Model 1 [χ2(24) = 30.70, p = 0.163; CFI = 0.993; RMSEA = 0.037] and the indirect effects reached significance both in the German (standardized indirect effect: 0.15, p = 0.009, one-tailed, due to the directed effect) and Chinese sample (standardized indirect effect: 0.06, p = 0.039, one-tailed, due to the directed effect). Thus, the assumed mediating effect was supported and the invariance of the model form was confirmed in both samples. The Chinese sample’s standardized coefficients of the model are presented in Figure 10.

Bottom Line: In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior.Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability.These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Empirical Educational Research, University of Konstanz Konstanz, Germany ; Department of Empirical Educational Research, Thurgau University of Teacher Education Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger. An experimental paradigm for inducing externally caused and consequently externally attributed loss of control which should lead to experiences of anger was developed and pretested in a Pilot Study. The relationship between loss of control experiences, anger, and risk-taking behavior was investigated using two separate student samples from Germany (N = 84, 54% female) and China (N = 125; 64% female). In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior. Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability. These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus