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The effects of subjective loss of control on risk-taking behavior: the mediating role of anger.

Beisswingert BM, Zhang K, Goetz T, Fang P, Fischbacher U - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger.Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability.These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Empirical Educational Research, University of Konstanz Konstanz, Germany ; Department of Empirical Educational Research, Thurgau University of Teacher Education Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger. An experimental paradigm for inducing externally caused and consequently externally attributed loss of control which should lead to experiences of anger was developed and pretested in a Pilot Study. The relationship between loss of control experiences, anger, and risk-taking behavior was investigated using two separate student samples from Germany (N = 84, 54% female) and China (N = 125; 64% female). In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior. Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability. These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Risk-taking behavior of the EG and CG represented by the mean proportion of chosen sectors during the devil’s task following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).
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Figure 8: Risk-taking behavior of the EG and CG represented by the mean proportion of chosen sectors during the devil’s task following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).

Mentions: Similarly, there was no group difference with respect to the risk-taking behavior in the baseline section (average proportion of chosen sections in the devil’s task; theoretical range: 0–1) at t1: CG: M = 0.42, SD = 0.15, EG: M = 0.42, SD = 0.17, t(82) = 0.01, p = 0.990, d = 0.002. Following the experimental manipulation, the EG tended to take more risks as compared to the CG (see Figure 8). During the three rounds of the devil’s task the EG’s proportion of chosen sections on average was M = 0.44 (SD = 0.11), while the CG’s was M = 0.40 (SD = 0.10). This group difference was marginally significant, t(82) = -1.64, p = 0.053, with d = -0.36 representing a small effect size (Cohen, 1988) and providing partial support for Hypothesis 2.


The effects of subjective loss of control on risk-taking behavior: the mediating role of anger.

Beisswingert BM, Zhang K, Goetz T, Fang P, Fischbacher U - Front Psychol (2015)

Risk-taking behavior of the EG and CG represented by the mean proportion of chosen sectors during the devil’s task following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493906&req=5

Figure 8: Risk-taking behavior of the EG and CG represented by the mean proportion of chosen sectors during the devil’s task following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).
Mentions: Similarly, there was no group difference with respect to the risk-taking behavior in the baseline section (average proportion of chosen sections in the devil’s task; theoretical range: 0–1) at t1: CG: M = 0.42, SD = 0.15, EG: M = 0.42, SD = 0.17, t(82) = 0.01, p = 0.990, d = 0.002. Following the experimental manipulation, the EG tended to take more risks as compared to the CG (see Figure 8). During the three rounds of the devil’s task the EG’s proportion of chosen sections on average was M = 0.44 (SD = 0.11), while the CG’s was M = 0.40 (SD = 0.10). This group difference was marginally significant, t(82) = -1.64, p = 0.053, with d = -0.36 representing a small effect size (Cohen, 1988) and providing partial support for Hypothesis 2.

Bottom Line: Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger.Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability.These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Empirical Educational Research, University of Konstanz Konstanz, Germany ; Department of Empirical Educational Research, Thurgau University of Teacher Education Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger. An experimental paradigm for inducing externally caused and consequently externally attributed loss of control which should lead to experiences of anger was developed and pretested in a Pilot Study. The relationship between loss of control experiences, anger, and risk-taking behavior was investigated using two separate student samples from Germany (N = 84, 54% female) and China (N = 125; 64% female). In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior. Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability. These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus