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The effects of subjective loss of control on risk-taking behavior: the mediating role of anger.

Beisswingert BM, Zhang K, Goetz T, Fang P, Fischbacher U - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger.Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability.These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Empirical Educational Research, University of Konstanz Konstanz, Germany ; Department of Empirical Educational Research, Thurgau University of Teacher Education Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger. An experimental paradigm for inducing externally caused and consequently externally attributed loss of control which should lead to experiences of anger was developed and pretested in a Pilot Study. The relationship between loss of control experiences, anger, and risk-taking behavior was investigated using two separate student samples from Germany (N = 84, 54% female) and China (N = 125; 64% female). In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior. Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability. These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Anger ratings of the EG and CG following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).
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Figure 7: Anger ratings of the EG and CG following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).

Mentions: In line with our assumptions there were no significant group differences before the manipulation at t1 [CG: M = 0.66, SD = 0.87, EG: M = 0.69, SD = 0.89, t(82) = -0.16, p = 0.872, d = -0.04]. In contrast, and supporting Hypothesis 1, the members of the EG showed significantly higher levels of anger following the externally attributable subjective loss of control manipulation (M = 2.23, SD = 1.22) than the participants in the CG (M = 0.80, SD = 0.97), t(82) = -5.90, p < 0.001, d = -1.29 (see Figure 7).


The effects of subjective loss of control on risk-taking behavior: the mediating role of anger.

Beisswingert BM, Zhang K, Goetz T, Fang P, Fischbacher U - Front Psychol (2015)

Anger ratings of the EG and CG following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493906&req=5

Figure 7: Anger ratings of the EG and CG following the baseline (t1) and the manipulation (t2) part of the Main Experimental Study 1. Error bars represent SEM (±1 SE).
Mentions: In line with our assumptions there were no significant group differences before the manipulation at t1 [CG: M = 0.66, SD = 0.87, EG: M = 0.69, SD = 0.89, t(82) = -0.16, p = 0.872, d = -0.04]. In contrast, and supporting Hypothesis 1, the members of the EG showed significantly higher levels of anger following the externally attributable subjective loss of control manipulation (M = 2.23, SD = 1.22) than the participants in the CG (M = 0.80, SD = 0.97), t(82) = -5.90, p < 0.001, d = -1.29 (see Figure 7).

Bottom Line: Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger.Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability.These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Empirical Educational Research, University of Konstanz Konstanz, Germany ; Department of Empirical Educational Research, Thurgau University of Teacher Education Kreuzlingen, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
Based on the Appraisal Tendency Framework on the antecedents and consequences of emotions two experimental studies examined the relationship between externally caused loss of control experiences and risk-taking behavior, as well as the assumed mediation of this relationship by the emotion anger. An experimental paradigm for inducing externally caused and consequently externally attributed loss of control which should lead to experiences of anger was developed and pretested in a Pilot Study. The relationship between loss of control experiences, anger, and risk-taking behavior was investigated using two separate student samples from Germany (N = 84, 54% female) and China (N = 125; 64% female). In line with our hypotheses, results showed that anger mediated the link between subjective loss of control experiences and increasing risk-taking behavior. Multiple group comparisons revealing similar patterns in both samples affirmed the results' cross-cultural generalizability. These results implicate that anger makes people less risk averse in the process of economic decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus