The apéritif effect: Alcohol's effects on the brain's response to food aromas in women.
Bottom Line: This greater food consumption may result from increased activity in brain regions that mediate reward and regulate feeding behavior.Food consumption was significantly greater, and levels of ghrelin were reduced, following alcohol.The hypothalamus may mediate the interplay of alcohol and responses to food cues, thus playing a role in the apéritif phenomenon.
Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.Show MeSH
Mentions: As analyzed in a 2 (Session) × 6 (Time) linear mixed model, significant main effects of both Session and Time for perceived intoxication, number of drinks, high, and numbness/tingling (ps<0.001; Figure 1) emerged. As intended, alcohol infusion induced a clear subjective sense of alcohol exposure.
Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.