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Factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS): activities and coping strategies in relation to positive and negative affect.

Al Nima A, Garcia D - PeerJ (2015)

Bottom Line: Results.The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27).Conclusions.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

ABSTRACT
Background. Previous research (Tkach & Lyubomirsky, 2006) shows that there are eight general happiness-increasing strategies: social affiliation, partying, mental control, goal pursuit, passive leisure, active leisure, religion, and direct attempts. The present study investigates the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS) and their relationship to positive and negative affect. Method. The present study used participants' (N = 1,050 and age mean = 34.21 sd = 12.73) responses to the H-ISS in structural equation modeling analyses. Affect was measured using the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. Results. After small modifications we obtained a good model that contains the original eight factors/scales. Moreover, we found that women tend to use social affiliation, mental control, passive leisure, religion, and direct attempts more than men, while men preferred to engage in partying and clubbing more than women. The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27). Conclusions. Our study is an addition to previous research showing that the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies is valid and reliable. However, due to the model fitting issues that arise in the present study, we give some suggestions for improving the instrument.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Structural equation model of the eight happiness-increasing strategies scales and the correlations among the eight strategies and the paths from the strategies to positive and negative affect.Chi-square = 10.28, df = 1, p = .001; goodness of fit index = 1.00, incremental fit index = 1.00; and the root mean square error of approximation = .096 (N = 1,000).
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fig-3: Structural equation model of the eight happiness-increasing strategies scales and the correlations among the eight strategies and the paths from the strategies to positive and negative affect.Chi-square = 10.28, df = 1, p = .001; goodness of fit index = 1.00, incremental fit index = 1.00; and the root mean square error of approximation = .096 (N = 1,000).

Mentions: The happiness-increasing strategies that predicted positive affect were: social affiliation (β = .16, p < .001), mental control (β = − .16, p < .001), instrumental goal pursuit (β = .20, p < .001), active leisure (β = .14, p < .001), religion (β = .07, p = .007) and direct attempts (β = .26, p < .001). Negative affect was predicted by social affiliation (β = − .14, p < .001), mental control (β = .35, p < .001), instrumental goal pursuit (β = .09, p = .01), passive leisure (β = .14, p < .001), active leisure (β = − .14, p < .001) and direct attempts (β = − .17, p < .001). The whole model showed a R2 = .41 for positive affect and .27 for negative affect (see Fig. 3). This means that 41% and 27% of the variance of positive affect and negative affect, respectively, were accounted for by the happiness-increasing strategies. In other words, 59% and 73% of variance of positive affect and negative affect respectively are predicted outside of our model.


Factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS): activities and coping strategies in relation to positive and negative affect.

Al Nima A, Garcia D - PeerJ (2015)

Structural equation model of the eight happiness-increasing strategies scales and the correlations among the eight strategies and the paths from the strategies to positive and negative affect.Chi-square = 10.28, df = 1, p = .001; goodness of fit index = 1.00, incremental fit index = 1.00; and the root mean square error of approximation = .096 (N = 1,000).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493682&req=5

fig-3: Structural equation model of the eight happiness-increasing strategies scales and the correlations among the eight strategies and the paths from the strategies to positive and negative affect.Chi-square = 10.28, df = 1, p = .001; goodness of fit index = 1.00, incremental fit index = 1.00; and the root mean square error of approximation = .096 (N = 1,000).
Mentions: The happiness-increasing strategies that predicted positive affect were: social affiliation (β = .16, p < .001), mental control (β = − .16, p < .001), instrumental goal pursuit (β = .20, p < .001), active leisure (β = .14, p < .001), religion (β = .07, p = .007) and direct attempts (β = .26, p < .001). Negative affect was predicted by social affiliation (β = − .14, p < .001), mental control (β = .35, p < .001), instrumental goal pursuit (β = .09, p = .01), passive leisure (β = .14, p < .001), active leisure (β = − .14, p < .001) and direct attempts (β = − .17, p < .001). The whole model showed a R2 = .41 for positive affect and .27 for negative affect (see Fig. 3). This means that 41% and 27% of the variance of positive affect and negative affect, respectively, were accounted for by the happiness-increasing strategies. In other words, 59% and 73% of variance of positive affect and negative affect respectively are predicted outside of our model.

Bottom Line: Results.The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27).Conclusions.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

ABSTRACT
Background. Previous research (Tkach & Lyubomirsky, 2006) shows that there are eight general happiness-increasing strategies: social affiliation, partying, mental control, goal pursuit, passive leisure, active leisure, religion, and direct attempts. The present study investigates the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS) and their relationship to positive and negative affect. Method. The present study used participants' (N = 1,050 and age mean = 34.21 sd = 12.73) responses to the H-ISS in structural equation modeling analyses. Affect was measured using the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. Results. After small modifications we obtained a good model that contains the original eight factors/scales. Moreover, we found that women tend to use social affiliation, mental control, passive leisure, religion, and direct attempts more than men, while men preferred to engage in partying and clubbing more than women. The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27). Conclusions. Our study is an addition to previous research showing that the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies is valid and reliable. However, due to the model fitting issues that arise in the present study, we give some suggestions for improving the instrument.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus