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Factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS): activities and coping strategies in relation to positive and negative affect.

Al Nima A, Garcia D - PeerJ (2015)

Bottom Line: Results.The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27).Conclusions.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

ABSTRACT
Background. Previous research (Tkach & Lyubomirsky, 2006) shows that there are eight general happiness-increasing strategies: social affiliation, partying, mental control, goal pursuit, passive leisure, active leisure, religion, and direct attempts. The present study investigates the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS) and their relationship to positive and negative affect. Method. The present study used participants' (N = 1,050 and age mean = 34.21 sd = 12.73) responses to the H-ISS in structural equation modeling analyses. Affect was measured using the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. Results. After small modifications we obtained a good model that contains the original eight factors/scales. Moreover, we found that women tend to use social affiliation, mental control, passive leisure, religion, and direct attempts more than men, while men preferred to engage in partying and clubbing more than women. The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27). Conclusions. Our study is an addition to previous research showing that the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies is valid and reliable. However, due to the model fitting issues that arise in the present study, we give some suggestions for improving the instrument.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Hypothesized structural equation model of the eight latent factors of the happiness-increasing strategies scales according to Tkach & Lyubomirsky (2006).
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fig-1: Hypothesized structural equation model of the eight latent factors of the happiness-increasing strategies scales according to Tkach & Lyubomirsky (2006).

Mentions: We conducted a confirmatory analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM) on the 35 items to estimate the eight factors of the H-ISS as suggested in the original article by Tkach & Lyubomirsky (2006). Tkach & Lyubomirsky’s original work (2006) showed that there are significant correlations between these eight scales, which potentially introduce the problem of multicollinearity. Thus, the data was analysed using SEM in order to control multicollinearity among the eight latent factors. The possible covariance between the eight different factors was taken into account in a hypothesized structural equation model (see Fig. 1). The analysis showed that chi-square value was significant (Chi2 = 2366.10, df = 531, p < .001), the goodness of fit index was .88 and the root mean square error of approximation for the default model was .06. Thus, while the fit index indicates that the model is not a good-fitting model, the root mean square error of approximation indicates a good-fitting model. Some modifications were performed in an attempt to develop a better fitting.


Factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS): activities and coping strategies in relation to positive and negative affect.

Al Nima A, Garcia D - PeerJ (2015)

Hypothesized structural equation model of the eight latent factors of the happiness-increasing strategies scales according to Tkach & Lyubomirsky (2006).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493682&req=5

fig-1: Hypothesized structural equation model of the eight latent factors of the happiness-increasing strategies scales according to Tkach & Lyubomirsky (2006).
Mentions: We conducted a confirmatory analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM) on the 35 items to estimate the eight factors of the H-ISS as suggested in the original article by Tkach & Lyubomirsky (2006). Tkach & Lyubomirsky’s original work (2006) showed that there are significant correlations between these eight scales, which potentially introduce the problem of multicollinearity. Thus, the data was analysed using SEM in order to control multicollinearity among the eight latent factors. The possible covariance between the eight different factors was taken into account in a hypothesized structural equation model (see Fig. 1). The analysis showed that chi-square value was significant (Chi2 = 2366.10, df = 531, p < .001), the goodness of fit index was .88 and the root mean square error of approximation for the default model was .06. Thus, while the fit index indicates that the model is not a good-fitting model, the root mean square error of approximation indicates a good-fitting model. Some modifications were performed in an attempt to develop a better fitting.

Bottom Line: Results.The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27).Conclusions.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.

ABSTRACT
Background. Previous research (Tkach & Lyubomirsky, 2006) shows that there are eight general happiness-increasing strategies: social affiliation, partying, mental control, goal pursuit, passive leisure, active leisure, religion, and direct attempts. The present study investigates the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies scales (H-ISS) and their relationship to positive and negative affect. Method. The present study used participants' (N = 1,050 and age mean = 34.21 sd = 12.73) responses to the H-ISS in structural equation modeling analyses. Affect was measured using the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. Results. After small modifications we obtained a good model that contains the original eight factors/scales. Moreover, we found that women tend to use social affiliation, mental control, passive leisure, religion, and direct attempts more than men, while men preferred to engage in partying and clubbing more than women. The H-ISS explained significantly the variance of positive affect (R (2) = .41) and the variance of negative affect (R (2) = .27). Conclusions. Our study is an addition to previous research showing that the factor structure of the happiness-increasing strategies is valid and reliable. However, due to the model fitting issues that arise in the present study, we give some suggestions for improving the instrument.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus