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The impact of childhood emotional abuse and experiential avoidance on maladaptive problem solving and intimate partner violence.

Bell KM, Higgins L - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: The purpose of the current study was to examine the joint influences of experiential avoidance and social problem solving on the link between childhood emotional abuse (CEA) and intimate partner violence (IPV).Experiential avoidance following CEA may interfere with a person's ability to effectively problem solve in social situations, increasing risk for conflict and interpersonal violence.Findings suggest that CEA may lead some women to avoid unwanted internal experiences, which may adversely impact their ability to effectively problem solve in social situations and increase IPV risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Capital University, 1 College & Main, Columbus, OH 43209, USA. kbell626@capital.edu.

ABSTRACT
The purpose of the current study was to examine the joint influences of experiential avoidance and social problem solving on the link between childhood emotional abuse (CEA) and intimate partner violence (IPV). Experiential avoidance following CEA may interfere with a person's ability to effectively problem solve in social situations, increasing risk for conflict and interpersonal violence. As part of a larger study, 232 women recruited from the community completed measures assessing childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, experiential avoidance, maladaptive social problem solving, and IPV perpetration and victimization. Final trimmed models indicated that CEA was indirectly associated with IPV victimization and perpetration via experiential avoidance and Negative Problem Orientation (NPO) and Impulsivity/Carelessness Style (ICS) social problem solving strategies. Though CEA was related to an Avoidance Style (AS) social problem solving strategy, this strategy was not significantly associated with IPV victimization or perpetration. Experiential avoidance had both a direct and indirect effect, via NPO and ICS social problem solving, on IPV victimization and perpetration. Findings suggest that CEA may lead some women to avoid unwanted internal experiences, which may adversely impact their ability to effectively problem solve in social situations and increase IPV risk.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Final trimmed path analytic model of direct and indirect relationships between childhood abuse, experiential avoidance, social problem solving, and physical IPV perpetration.
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behavsci-05-00154-f001: Final trimmed path analytic model of direct and indirect relationships between childhood abuse, experiential avoidance, social problem solving, and physical IPV perpetration.

Mentions: Figure 1 presents the final trimmed model of childhood emotional, sexual, and physical abuse, experiential avoidance, and SPSI NPO, AS, and ICS domains predicting physical IPV perpetration. Following examination of the fully saturated model and the CRs related to each path, the paths from childhood sexual and physical abuse to experiential avoidance (β = −0.03, CR = −0.40 and β = −0.01, CR = −0.10, respectively), childhood sexual abuse to NPO, AS, and ICS (β = −0.04, CR = −0.50, β = 0.03, CR = 0.37, and β = −0.01, CR = −0.13, respectively), childhood physical abuse to NPO (β = −0.04, CR = −0.48), childhood emotional and sexual abuse to physical IPV perpetration (β = −0.04, CR = −0.47 and β = 0.03, CR = 0.37, respectively), and AS to physical IPV perpetration (β = −0.09, CR = 0.96) were removed. The remaining paths that were retained within the model all had CRs above 1.80. The final model had a non-significant chi-square statistic, χ2 = 4.72, p = 0.94. The final trimmed model indicated that only childhood physical abuse was directly and related to physical IPV perpetration. Childhood emotional abuse was indirectly associated with physical IPV perpetration via experiential avoidance, ICS, and NPO. Childhood emotional abuse and experiential avoidance were also associated with AS but AS was not significantly related to physical IPV perpetration. Childhood sexual abuse was not directly or indirectly associated with physical IPV perpetration. Experiential avoidance was directly and indirectly associated with physical IPV perpetration via both ICS and NPO.


The impact of childhood emotional abuse and experiential avoidance on maladaptive problem solving and intimate partner violence.

Bell KM, Higgins L - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Final trimmed path analytic model of direct and indirect relationships between childhood abuse, experiential avoidance, social problem solving, and physical IPV perpetration.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493441&req=5

behavsci-05-00154-f001: Final trimmed path analytic model of direct and indirect relationships between childhood abuse, experiential avoidance, social problem solving, and physical IPV perpetration.
Mentions: Figure 1 presents the final trimmed model of childhood emotional, sexual, and physical abuse, experiential avoidance, and SPSI NPO, AS, and ICS domains predicting physical IPV perpetration. Following examination of the fully saturated model and the CRs related to each path, the paths from childhood sexual and physical abuse to experiential avoidance (β = −0.03, CR = −0.40 and β = −0.01, CR = −0.10, respectively), childhood sexual abuse to NPO, AS, and ICS (β = −0.04, CR = −0.50, β = 0.03, CR = 0.37, and β = −0.01, CR = −0.13, respectively), childhood physical abuse to NPO (β = −0.04, CR = −0.48), childhood emotional and sexual abuse to physical IPV perpetration (β = −0.04, CR = −0.47 and β = 0.03, CR = 0.37, respectively), and AS to physical IPV perpetration (β = −0.09, CR = 0.96) were removed. The remaining paths that were retained within the model all had CRs above 1.80. The final model had a non-significant chi-square statistic, χ2 = 4.72, p = 0.94. The final trimmed model indicated that only childhood physical abuse was directly and related to physical IPV perpetration. Childhood emotional abuse was indirectly associated with physical IPV perpetration via experiential avoidance, ICS, and NPO. Childhood emotional abuse and experiential avoidance were also associated with AS but AS was not significantly related to physical IPV perpetration. Childhood sexual abuse was not directly or indirectly associated with physical IPV perpetration. Experiential avoidance was directly and indirectly associated with physical IPV perpetration via both ICS and NPO.

Bottom Line: The purpose of the current study was to examine the joint influences of experiential avoidance and social problem solving on the link between childhood emotional abuse (CEA) and intimate partner violence (IPV).Experiential avoidance following CEA may interfere with a person's ability to effectively problem solve in social situations, increasing risk for conflict and interpersonal violence.Findings suggest that CEA may lead some women to avoid unwanted internal experiences, which may adversely impact their ability to effectively problem solve in social situations and increase IPV risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Capital University, 1 College & Main, Columbus, OH 43209, USA. kbell626@capital.edu.

ABSTRACT
The purpose of the current study was to examine the joint influences of experiential avoidance and social problem solving on the link between childhood emotional abuse (CEA) and intimate partner violence (IPV). Experiential avoidance following CEA may interfere with a person's ability to effectively problem solve in social situations, increasing risk for conflict and interpersonal violence. As part of a larger study, 232 women recruited from the community completed measures assessing childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, experiential avoidance, maladaptive social problem solving, and IPV perpetration and victimization. Final trimmed models indicated that CEA was indirectly associated with IPV victimization and perpetration via experiential avoidance and Negative Problem Orientation (NPO) and Impulsivity/Carelessness Style (ICS) social problem solving strategies. Though CEA was related to an Avoidance Style (AS) social problem solving strategy, this strategy was not significantly associated with IPV victimization or perpetration. Experiential avoidance had both a direct and indirect effect, via NPO and ICS social problem solving, on IPV victimization and perpetration. Findings suggest that CEA may lead some women to avoid unwanted internal experiences, which may adversely impact their ability to effectively problem solve in social situations and increase IPV risk.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus