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Is there a universal answering strategy for rejecting negative propositions? Typological evidence on the use of prosody and gesture.

González-Fuente S, Tubau S, Espinal MT, Prieto P - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: First, to assess empirically the relevance of prosodic and gestural patterns in the interpretation of confirming and rejecting responses to negative polar questions.The results of our investigation support the existence of a universal answering system for rejecting negative polar questions that integrates lexical and syntactic strategies with prosodic and gestural patterns, and instantiate the REJECT and ASSERT operators.We will also discuss the implications these results have for the truth-based vs. polarity-based taxonomy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Prosodic Studies Group, Department of Translation and Language Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Previous research has proposed that languages diverge with respect to how their speakers confirm and contradict negative questions. Taking into account the classification between truth-based and polarity-based languages, this paper is mainly concerned with the expression of REJECT (a semantic operation that signals a contradiction move with respect to the common ground, along Krifka's lines) in two languages belonging to two typologically distinct answering systems, namely Catalan (polarity-based) and Russian (a mixed system using polarity-based, truth-based, and echoic strategies). This investigation has two goals. First, to assess empirically the relevance of prosodic and gestural patterns in the interpretation of confirming and rejecting responses to negative polar questions. Second, to test the claim that in fact speakers resort to strikingly similar universal strategies at the time of expressing rejecting answers to discourse accessible negative assertions and negative polar questions, namely the use of linguistic units that encode REJECT in combination with ASSERT. The results of our investigation support the existence of a universal answering system for rejecting negative polar questions that integrates lexical and syntactic strategies with prosodic and gestural patterns, and instantiate the REJECT and ASSERT operators. We will also discuss the implications these results have for the truth-based vs. polarity-based taxonomy.

No MeSH data available.


Percentage of occurrence of intonational patterns associated withda“yes” particles used by Russian speakers to confirm positive propositions in confirming answers (black columns—left panel), and to intonational patterns associated withnet“no” particles or echoic verbs used to reject negative propositions (gray columns—right panel). As we did for Catalan, we analyzed all the data containing particles or echoic verbs produced in a single intonational phrase and independently from the lexical strategy in which they appear.
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Figure 6: Percentage of occurrence of intonational patterns associated withda“yes” particles used by Russian speakers to confirm positive propositions in confirming answers (black columns—left panel), and to intonational patterns associated withnet“no” particles or echoic verbs used to reject negative propositions (gray columns—right panel). As we did for Catalan, we analyzed all the data containing particles or echoic verbs produced in a single intonational phrase and independently from the lexical strategy in which they appear.

Mentions: Figure 6 shows the frequency of occurrence of the intonational patterns associated with the word da “yes” in the confirmation condition and with net “no” or the echoic verb in the rejecting condition. Two types of intonational patterns were found in the data. According to Odé (2008), L* is a steep fall from a high or a mid-level tone, and its main communicative function is to express completeness or neutral finality. The pitch accent HL* is realized as a steep fall beginning at the onset of the accented vowel and its main communicative function is to express completeness with emphasis.


Is there a universal answering strategy for rejecting negative propositions? Typological evidence on the use of prosody and gesture.

González-Fuente S, Tubau S, Espinal MT, Prieto P - Front Psychol (2015)

Percentage of occurrence of intonational patterns associated withda“yes” particles used by Russian speakers to confirm positive propositions in confirming answers (black columns—left panel), and to intonational patterns associated withnet“no” particles or echoic verbs used to reject negative propositions (gray columns—right panel). As we did for Catalan, we analyzed all the data containing particles or echoic verbs produced in a single intonational phrase and independently from the lexical strategy in which they appear.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493367&req=5

Figure 6: Percentage of occurrence of intonational patterns associated withda“yes” particles used by Russian speakers to confirm positive propositions in confirming answers (black columns—left panel), and to intonational patterns associated withnet“no” particles or echoic verbs used to reject negative propositions (gray columns—right panel). As we did for Catalan, we analyzed all the data containing particles or echoic verbs produced in a single intonational phrase and independently from the lexical strategy in which they appear.
Mentions: Figure 6 shows the frequency of occurrence of the intonational patterns associated with the word da “yes” in the confirmation condition and with net “no” or the echoic verb in the rejecting condition. Two types of intonational patterns were found in the data. According to Odé (2008), L* is a steep fall from a high or a mid-level tone, and its main communicative function is to express completeness or neutral finality. The pitch accent HL* is realized as a steep fall beginning at the onset of the accented vowel and its main communicative function is to express completeness with emphasis.

Bottom Line: First, to assess empirically the relevance of prosodic and gestural patterns in the interpretation of confirming and rejecting responses to negative polar questions.The results of our investigation support the existence of a universal answering system for rejecting negative polar questions that integrates lexical and syntactic strategies with prosodic and gestural patterns, and instantiate the REJECT and ASSERT operators.We will also discuss the implications these results have for the truth-based vs. polarity-based taxonomy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Prosodic Studies Group, Department of Translation and Language Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra Barcelona, Spain.

ABSTRACT
Previous research has proposed that languages diverge with respect to how their speakers confirm and contradict negative questions. Taking into account the classification between truth-based and polarity-based languages, this paper is mainly concerned with the expression of REJECT (a semantic operation that signals a contradiction move with respect to the common ground, along Krifka's lines) in two languages belonging to two typologically distinct answering systems, namely Catalan (polarity-based) and Russian (a mixed system using polarity-based, truth-based, and echoic strategies). This investigation has two goals. First, to assess empirically the relevance of prosodic and gestural patterns in the interpretation of confirming and rejecting responses to negative polar questions. Second, to test the claim that in fact speakers resort to strikingly similar universal strategies at the time of expressing rejecting answers to discourse accessible negative assertions and negative polar questions, namely the use of linguistic units that encode REJECT in combination with ASSERT. The results of our investigation support the existence of a universal answering system for rejecting negative polar questions that integrates lexical and syntactic strategies with prosodic and gestural patterns, and instantiate the REJECT and ASSERT operators. We will also discuss the implications these results have for the truth-based vs. polarity-based taxonomy.

No MeSH data available.