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First record of Neoempheria Osten Sacken (Diptera, Mycetophilidae) biology in the Neotropical region, with associations between its larvae and fungi.

Oliveira SS, Albertoni FF, Borkent CJ, Amorim DS - Biodivers Data J (2015)

Bottom Line: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus.Their biology is relatively well known in the Palaearctic, though other regions are poorly known, and there are no associations recorded between mycetophilid immatures and fungi in the Neotropical region.We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus. Their biology is relatively well known in the Palaearctic, though other regions are poorly known, and there are no associations recorded between mycetophilid immatures and fungi in the Neotropical region. Here we report the first association between a mycetophilid-Neoempheriapuncticoxa Edwards-and fungi in this region. Immatures of N.puncticoxa were collected on fungi and some were reared in the laboratory until adult emergence. The immature stages and adult of N.puncticoxa are described and re-described respectively, and high resolution images and illustrations of the habitus, wings, thorax, male and female terminalia, immatures, and in situ specimens are given.

New information: We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

No MeSH data available.


Male pupal exuvia (ventral).
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Figure 1475332: Male pupal exuvia (ventral).

Mentions: Pupa (Figs 13, 14a, 15a). Brown to dark brown, suspended in a web connected by silk lines attached to the entire body, last larval skin remains attached to abdomen posteriorly. Head strongly united with the thorax; developing antennae visible, curved over eyes. Thorax with protruding processes laterally on scutal margin; wing sheath extending just beyond half of abdomen; developing legs held together along ventromedial margin of abdomen. All spiracles flat, flush with surface, not on protrusions. Dorsal margin of abdomen flat.


First record of Neoempheria Osten Sacken (Diptera, Mycetophilidae) biology in the Neotropical region, with associations between its larvae and fungi.

Oliveira SS, Albertoni FF, Borkent CJ, Amorim DS - Biodivers Data J (2015)

Male pupal exuvia (ventral).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493349&req=5

Figure 1475332: Male pupal exuvia (ventral).
Mentions: Pupa (Figs 13, 14a, 15a). Brown to dark brown, suspended in a web connected by silk lines attached to the entire body, last larval skin remains attached to abdomen posteriorly. Head strongly united with the thorax; developing antennae visible, curved over eyes. Thorax with protruding processes laterally on scutal margin; wing sheath extending just beyond half of abdomen; developing legs held together along ventromedial margin of abdomen. All spiracles flat, flush with surface, not on protrusions. Dorsal margin of abdomen flat.

Bottom Line: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus.Their biology is relatively well known in the Palaearctic, though other regions are poorly known, and there are no associations recorded between mycetophilid immatures and fungi in the Neotropical region.We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus. Their biology is relatively well known in the Palaearctic, though other regions are poorly known, and there are no associations recorded between mycetophilid immatures and fungi in the Neotropical region. Here we report the first association between a mycetophilid-Neoempheriapuncticoxa Edwards-and fungi in this region. Immatures of N.puncticoxa were collected on fungi and some were reared in the laboratory until adult emergence. The immature stages and adult of N.puncticoxa are described and re-described respectively, and high resolution images and illustrations of the habitus, wings, thorax, male and female terminalia, immatures, and in situ specimens are given.

New information: We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

No MeSH data available.