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First record of Neoempheria Osten Sacken (Diptera, Mycetophilidae) biology in the Neotropical region, with associations between its larvae and fungi.

Oliveira SS, Albertoni FF, Borkent CJ, Amorim DS - Biodivers Data J (2015)

Bottom Line: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus.The immature stages and adult of N.puncticoxa are described and re-described respectively, and high resolution images and illustrations of the habitus, wings, thorax, male and female terminalia, immatures, and in situ specimens are given.We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus. Their biology is relatively well known in the Palaearctic, though other regions are poorly known, and there are no associations recorded between mycetophilid immatures and fungi in the Neotropical region. Here we report the first association between a mycetophilid-Neoempheriapuncticoxa Edwards-and fungi in this region. Immatures of N.puncticoxa were collected on fungi and some were reared in the laboratory until adult emergence. The immature stages and adult of N.puncticoxa are described and re-described respectively, and high resolution images and illustrations of the habitus, wings, thorax, male and female terminalia, immatures, and in situ specimens are given.

New information: We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

No MeSH data available.


Sparassis sp., (Polyporales: Sparassidaceae) fruiting body that larvae of N.puncticoxa were found on in São Paulo.
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Figure 1475305: Sparassis sp., (Polyporales: Sparassidaceae) fruiting body that larvae of N.puncticoxa were found on in São Paulo.

Mentions: Larvae were found on two different species of polypore fungus, indicating that this species can feed on multiple fungi species, as found in other genera of the family (Hutson et al. 1980, Ševčík 2010). All larvae were collected with the fungus fruiting bodies they were feeding on; those from São Paulo state (all reared material female) were feeding on an uncertain species of Sparassis (Polyporales: Sparassidaceae) (Fig. 10a), and those from Goiânia (all reared material male) were collected on an undetermined species of Polyporaceae (Fig. 10b). Both fungi were determined by J.M. Baltazar in vii.2013 using photographs (Fig. 10).


First record of Neoempheria Osten Sacken (Diptera, Mycetophilidae) biology in the Neotropical region, with associations between its larvae and fungi.

Oliveira SS, Albertoni FF, Borkent CJ, Amorim DS - Biodivers Data J (2015)

Sparassis sp., (Polyporales: Sparassidaceae) fruiting body that larvae of N.puncticoxa were found on in São Paulo.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493349&req=5

Figure 1475305: Sparassis sp., (Polyporales: Sparassidaceae) fruiting body that larvae of N.puncticoxa were found on in São Paulo.
Mentions: Larvae were found on two different species of polypore fungus, indicating that this species can feed on multiple fungi species, as found in other genera of the family (Hutson et al. 1980, Ševčík 2010). All larvae were collected with the fungus fruiting bodies they were feeding on; those from São Paulo state (all reared material female) were feeding on an uncertain species of Sparassis (Polyporales: Sparassidaceae) (Fig. 10a), and those from Goiânia (all reared material male) were collected on an undetermined species of Polyporaceae (Fig. 10b). Both fungi were determined by J.M. Baltazar in vii.2013 using photographs (Fig. 10).

Bottom Line: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus.The immature stages and adult of N.puncticoxa are described and re-described respectively, and high resolution images and illustrations of the habitus, wings, thorax, male and female terminalia, immatures, and in situ specimens are given.We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Members of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera) have life cycles that are typically associated with fungus. Their biology is relatively well known in the Palaearctic, though other regions are poorly known, and there are no associations recorded between mycetophilid immatures and fungi in the Neotropical region. Here we report the first association between a mycetophilid-Neoempheriapuncticoxa Edwards-and fungi in this region. Immatures of N.puncticoxa were collected on fungi and some were reared in the laboratory until adult emergence. The immature stages and adult of N.puncticoxa are described and re-described respectively, and high resolution images and illustrations of the habitus, wings, thorax, male and female terminalia, immatures, and in situ specimens are given.

New information: We report the first association between Mycetophilidae and fungi in the Neotropical region.

No MeSH data available.