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Learning From Leaders: Life-span Trends in Olympians and Supercentenarians.

Antero-Jacquemin Jda S, Berthelot G, Marck A, Noirez P, Latouche A, Toussaint JF - J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. (2014)

Bottom Line: Among most Olympians, we observed a trend toward increased life duration.Similar tendencies are observed among supercentenarians, and over the last years, a plateau attests to a stable longevity pattern among the longest-lived humans.The common trends between Olympians and supercentenarians indicate similar mortality pressures over both populations that increase with age, scenario better explained by a biologic "barrier" forecast.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut de Recherche bioMédicale et d'Epidemiologie du Sport, Institut National du Sport de l'Expertise et de la Performance, Paris, France. Université Paris Descartes, EA 7329, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France. juliana.antero@insep.fr.

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(A) Contour of the life-span density layers of Olympians and supercentenarians. Selected window: X(Olympians) in [1865;1906] (first year forming a density layer up to the last year of a complete cohort); Y(Olympians) in [80;123]; and X(supercentenarians) in [1865;1897]; Y(supercentenarians) in [110;123]. (B) Olympians’ densification phenomenon. (C) Supercentenarians’ densification phenomenon. The y-axis in B and C represents the sum of the differences in the Y (life span) direction (Σαj) between the density layers by birth date (see Supplementary Material). Graphs (B) and (C) represent the increase of the density layers with time in the direction of the upper life span values measuring the densification phenomenon.
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Figure 2: (A) Contour of the life-span density layers of Olympians and supercentenarians. Selected window: X(Olympians) in [1865;1906] (first year forming a density layer up to the last year of a complete cohort); Y(Olympians) in [80;123]; and X(supercentenarians) in [1865;1897]; Y(supercentenarians) in [110;123]. (B) Olympians’ densification phenomenon. (C) Supercentenarians’ densification phenomenon. The y-axis in B and C represents the sum of the differences in the Y (life span) direction (Σαj) between the density layers by birth date (see Supplementary Material). Graphs (B) and (C) represent the increase of the density layers with time in the direction of the upper life span values measuring the densification phenomenon.

Mentions: The superior contour of each density layers at the top-left corner on Figure 1 are illustrated in Figure 2A for both populations. We observe a different slope progression of the density lines according to the life span. The density slope of Olympians decelerates with time as their life span increases.


Learning From Leaders: Life-span Trends in Olympians and Supercentenarians.

Antero-Jacquemin Jda S, Berthelot G, Marck A, Noirez P, Latouche A, Toussaint JF - J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. (2014)

(A) Contour of the life-span density layers of Olympians and supercentenarians. Selected window: X(Olympians) in [1865;1906] (first year forming a density layer up to the last year of a complete cohort); Y(Olympians) in [80;123]; and X(supercentenarians) in [1865;1897]; Y(supercentenarians) in [110;123]. (B) Olympians’ densification phenomenon. (C) Supercentenarians’ densification phenomenon. The y-axis in B and C represents the sum of the differences in the Y (life span) direction (Σαj) between the density layers by birth date (see Supplementary Material). Graphs (B) and (C) represent the increase of the density layers with time in the direction of the upper life span values measuring the densification phenomenon.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493315&req=5

Figure 2: (A) Contour of the life-span density layers of Olympians and supercentenarians. Selected window: X(Olympians) in [1865;1906] (first year forming a density layer up to the last year of a complete cohort); Y(Olympians) in [80;123]; and X(supercentenarians) in [1865;1897]; Y(supercentenarians) in [110;123]. (B) Olympians’ densification phenomenon. (C) Supercentenarians’ densification phenomenon. The y-axis in B and C represents the sum of the differences in the Y (life span) direction (Σαj) between the density layers by birth date (see Supplementary Material). Graphs (B) and (C) represent the increase of the density layers with time in the direction of the upper life span values measuring the densification phenomenon.
Mentions: The superior contour of each density layers at the top-left corner on Figure 1 are illustrated in Figure 2A for both populations. We observe a different slope progression of the density lines according to the life span. The density slope of Olympians decelerates with time as their life span increases.

Bottom Line: Among most Olympians, we observed a trend toward increased life duration.Similar tendencies are observed among supercentenarians, and over the last years, a plateau attests to a stable longevity pattern among the longest-lived humans.The common trends between Olympians and supercentenarians indicate similar mortality pressures over both populations that increase with age, scenario better explained by a biologic "barrier" forecast.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut de Recherche bioMédicale et d'Epidemiologie du Sport, Institut National du Sport de l'Expertise et de la Performance, Paris, France. Université Paris Descartes, EA 7329, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France. juliana.antero@insep.fr.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus