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Comparing Two Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell Lines (IPECs): Morphological Differentiation, Function and Metabolism.

Nossol C, Barta-Böszörményi A, Kahlert S, Zuschratter W, Faber-Zuschratter H, Reinhardt N, Ponsuksili S, Wimmers K, Diesing AK, Rothkötter HJ - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: On the other hand, "spliceosome", "ribosome", "RNA-degradation" and "tight junction" are significantly down-regulated pathways in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1.These cells seem to be more active in their metabolism than IPEC-1 cells due to a significant higher ATP-content as well as a higher O2- and glucose-consumption.In addition, IPEC-J2 cells are a preferential tool for in vitro studies with the focus on metabolism.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Anatomy, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, 39120, Magdeburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The pig shows genetical and physiological resemblance to human, which predestines it as an experimental animal model especially for mucosal physiology. Therefore, the intestinal epithelial cell lines 1 and J2 (IPEC-1, IPEC-J2)--spontaneously immortalised cell lines from the porcine intestine--are important tools for studying intestinal function. A microarray (GeneChip Porcine Genome Array) was performed to compare the genome wide gene expression of IPECs. Different significantly up-regulated pathways were identified, like "lysosome", "pathways in cancer", "regulation of actin cytoskeleton" and "oxidative phosphorylation" in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. On the other hand, "spliceosome", "ribosome", "RNA-degradation" and "tight junction" are significantly down-regulated pathways in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. Examined pathways were followed up by functional analyses. ATP-, oxygen, glucose and lactate-measurement provide evidence for up-regulation of oxidative phosphorylation in IPEC-J2. These cells seem to be more active in their metabolism than IPEC-1 cells due to a significant higher ATP-content as well as a higher O2- and glucose-consumption. The down-regulated pathway "ribosome" was followed up by measurement of RNA- and protein content. In summary, IPEC-J2 is a morphologically and functionally more differentiated cell line in comparison to IPEC-1. In addition, IPEC-J2 cells are a preferential tool for in vitro studies with the focus on metabolism.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Analysis of cell cycle specific genes on mRNA and protein level.The expression of p53 was analysed by microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (A) IPEC-J2 showed a 27.4 fold increase of the p53-mRNA level in comparison to IPEC-1. This was confirmed by qPCR and a 300-fold increase was detected in IPEC-J2. On the other hand, no protein expression was observed in IPEC-1/IPEC-J2 and Caco-2 as well as in the cells, which were treated with the p53-activator. In the next step, the expression of BAX, BAD and BCL-X was analysed using microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (B) BAD showed a 1.8 fold increase in IPEC-J2 in the microarray. Same results were found in qPCR, but no differences in the protein expression were found between the cell lines. A significant BCL-X up-regulation was detected in the microarray in IPEC-J2 but no differences were present between IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 in the Western blot analyses. No BAX-protein was observed in both cell lines. When the total RNA and protein content was examined, significant differences were found between the cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a higher RNA- and protein content in comparison to IPEC-1. RPL10A as important gene of the 60S ribosomal subunit was significantly decreased in the microarray but not in qPCR in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. Western blot analyses showed a slightly decrease of the protein in IPEC-J2 over time. (C) The RNA and protein content per cell was measured in both cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a significant higher level in RNA and proteins. On the other hand, a slight decrease on protein level of RPL10A was found in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1 in Western blot analyses.
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pone.0132323.g003: Analysis of cell cycle specific genes on mRNA and protein level.The expression of p53 was analysed by microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (A) IPEC-J2 showed a 27.4 fold increase of the p53-mRNA level in comparison to IPEC-1. This was confirmed by qPCR and a 300-fold increase was detected in IPEC-J2. On the other hand, no protein expression was observed in IPEC-1/IPEC-J2 and Caco-2 as well as in the cells, which were treated with the p53-activator. In the next step, the expression of BAX, BAD and BCL-X was analysed using microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (B) BAD showed a 1.8 fold increase in IPEC-J2 in the microarray. Same results were found in qPCR, but no differences in the protein expression were found between the cell lines. A significant BCL-X up-regulation was detected in the microarray in IPEC-J2 but no differences were present between IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 in the Western blot analyses. No BAX-protein was observed in both cell lines. When the total RNA and protein content was examined, significant differences were found between the cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a higher RNA- and protein content in comparison to IPEC-1. RPL10A as important gene of the 60S ribosomal subunit was significantly decreased in the microarray but not in qPCR in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. Western blot analyses showed a slightly decrease of the protein in IPEC-J2 over time. (C) The RNA and protein content per cell was measured in both cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a significant higher level in RNA and proteins. On the other hand, a slight decrease on protein level of RPL10A was found in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1 in Western blot analyses.

Mentions: The microarray provided many data concerning cellular pathways, as shown in Table 2. In the IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 cells the pathways in cancer, protein transport and RNA-degradation were of special interest as these pathways reflect on the physiological cell function necessary for a situation comparable to the in vivo-intestinal function. Fig 3 data for p53, BAD, BCL-X, BAX and RNA content in comparison to protein content are given.


Comparing Two Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell Lines (IPECs): Morphological Differentiation, Function and Metabolism.

Nossol C, Barta-Böszörményi A, Kahlert S, Zuschratter W, Faber-Zuschratter H, Reinhardt N, Ponsuksili S, Wimmers K, Diesing AK, Rothkötter HJ - PLoS ONE (2015)

Analysis of cell cycle specific genes on mRNA and protein level.The expression of p53 was analysed by microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (A) IPEC-J2 showed a 27.4 fold increase of the p53-mRNA level in comparison to IPEC-1. This was confirmed by qPCR and a 300-fold increase was detected in IPEC-J2. On the other hand, no protein expression was observed in IPEC-1/IPEC-J2 and Caco-2 as well as in the cells, which were treated with the p53-activator. In the next step, the expression of BAX, BAD and BCL-X was analysed using microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (B) BAD showed a 1.8 fold increase in IPEC-J2 in the microarray. Same results were found in qPCR, but no differences in the protein expression were found between the cell lines. A significant BCL-X up-regulation was detected in the microarray in IPEC-J2 but no differences were present between IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 in the Western blot analyses. No BAX-protein was observed in both cell lines. When the total RNA and protein content was examined, significant differences were found between the cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a higher RNA- and protein content in comparison to IPEC-1. RPL10A as important gene of the 60S ribosomal subunit was significantly decreased in the microarray but not in qPCR in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. Western blot analyses showed a slightly decrease of the protein in IPEC-J2 over time. (C) The RNA and protein content per cell was measured in both cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a significant higher level in RNA and proteins. On the other hand, a slight decrease on protein level of RPL10A was found in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1 in Western blot analyses.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493080&req=5

pone.0132323.g003: Analysis of cell cycle specific genes on mRNA and protein level.The expression of p53 was analysed by microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (A) IPEC-J2 showed a 27.4 fold increase of the p53-mRNA level in comparison to IPEC-1. This was confirmed by qPCR and a 300-fold increase was detected in IPEC-J2. On the other hand, no protein expression was observed in IPEC-1/IPEC-J2 and Caco-2 as well as in the cells, which were treated with the p53-activator. In the next step, the expression of BAX, BAD and BCL-X was analysed using microarray, qPCR and Western blot. (B) BAD showed a 1.8 fold increase in IPEC-J2 in the microarray. Same results were found in qPCR, but no differences in the protein expression were found between the cell lines. A significant BCL-X up-regulation was detected in the microarray in IPEC-J2 but no differences were present between IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 in the Western blot analyses. No BAX-protein was observed in both cell lines. When the total RNA and protein content was examined, significant differences were found between the cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a higher RNA- and protein content in comparison to IPEC-1. RPL10A as important gene of the 60S ribosomal subunit was significantly decreased in the microarray but not in qPCR in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. Western blot analyses showed a slightly decrease of the protein in IPEC-J2 over time. (C) The RNA and protein content per cell was measured in both cell lines. IPEC-J2 showed a significant higher level in RNA and proteins. On the other hand, a slight decrease on protein level of RPL10A was found in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1 in Western blot analyses.
Mentions: The microarray provided many data concerning cellular pathways, as shown in Table 2. In the IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2 cells the pathways in cancer, protein transport and RNA-degradation were of special interest as these pathways reflect on the physiological cell function necessary for a situation comparable to the in vivo-intestinal function. Fig 3 data for p53, BAD, BCL-X, BAX and RNA content in comparison to protein content are given.

Bottom Line: On the other hand, "spliceosome", "ribosome", "RNA-degradation" and "tight junction" are significantly down-regulated pathways in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1.These cells seem to be more active in their metabolism than IPEC-1 cells due to a significant higher ATP-content as well as a higher O2- and glucose-consumption.In addition, IPEC-J2 cells are a preferential tool for in vitro studies with the focus on metabolism.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Anatomy, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, 39120, Magdeburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The pig shows genetical and physiological resemblance to human, which predestines it as an experimental animal model especially for mucosal physiology. Therefore, the intestinal epithelial cell lines 1 and J2 (IPEC-1, IPEC-J2)--spontaneously immortalised cell lines from the porcine intestine--are important tools for studying intestinal function. A microarray (GeneChip Porcine Genome Array) was performed to compare the genome wide gene expression of IPECs. Different significantly up-regulated pathways were identified, like "lysosome", "pathways in cancer", "regulation of actin cytoskeleton" and "oxidative phosphorylation" in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. On the other hand, "spliceosome", "ribosome", "RNA-degradation" and "tight junction" are significantly down-regulated pathways in IPEC-J2 in comparison to IPEC-1. Examined pathways were followed up by functional analyses. ATP-, oxygen, glucose and lactate-measurement provide evidence for up-regulation of oxidative phosphorylation in IPEC-J2. These cells seem to be more active in their metabolism than IPEC-1 cells due to a significant higher ATP-content as well as a higher O2- and glucose-consumption. The down-regulated pathway "ribosome" was followed up by measurement of RNA- and protein content. In summary, IPEC-J2 is a morphologically and functionally more differentiated cell line in comparison to IPEC-1. In addition, IPEC-J2 cells are a preferential tool for in vitro studies with the focus on metabolism.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus