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MUC1-Targeted Cancer Cell Photothermal Ablation Using Bioinspired Gold Nanorods.

Zelasko-Leon DC, Fuentes CM, Messersmith PB - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: MUC1-BSA-PD-NRs substantially decreased cell viability in photoirradiated MCF-7 cell lines vs.Agents exhibited no cytotoxicity in the absence of photothermal treatment.The facile nature of the coating method, combined with targeting and photoablation efficacy, are attractive features of these candidate cancer nanotherapeutics.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Recent studies have highlighted the overexpression of mucin 1 (MUC1) in various epithelial carcinomas and its role in tumorigenesis. These mucins present a novel targeting opportunity for nanoparticle-mediated photothermal cancer treatments due to their unique antenna-like extracellular extension. In this study, MUC1 antibodies and albumin were immobilized onto the surface of gold nanorods using a "primer" of polydopamine (PD), a molecular mimic of catechol- and amine-rich mussel adhesive proteins. PD forms an adhesive platform for the deposition of albumin and MUC1 antibodies, achieving a surface that is stable, bioinert and biofunctional. Two-photon luminescence confocal and darkfield scattering imaging revealed targeting of MUC1-BSA-PD-NRs to MUC1+ MCF-7 breast cancer and SCC-15 squamous cell carcinoma cells lines. Treated cells were exposed to a laser encompassing the near-infrared AuNR longitudinal surface plasmon and assessed for photothermal ablation. MUC1-BSA-PD-NRs substantially decreased cell viability in photoirradiated MCF-7 cell lines vs. MUC1- MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells (p < 0.005). Agents exhibited no cytotoxicity in the absence of photothermal treatment. The facile nature of the coating method, combined with targeting and photoablation efficacy, are attractive features of these candidate cancer nanotherapeutics.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Photothermal therapy of breast and oral cancer cells.Photoablation of cells with NKT Photonics SuperK Versa near-infrared (NIR) light source (480–850 nm). Cells were imaged with calcein AM (live, green) and propidium iodide (dead, red) to visualize photoablation efficiency following treatment with increasing doses of AuNRs. Due to the delamination of dead cells, no red staining is present in the treated regions of interest. In the MCF-7 cell line, this dead staining was occasionally observed prior to delamination (Fig I in S1 File). Scale bar = 100 μm.
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pone.0128756.g006: Photothermal therapy of breast and oral cancer cells.Photoablation of cells with NKT Photonics SuperK Versa near-infrared (NIR) light source (480–850 nm). Cells were imaged with calcein AM (live, green) and propidium iodide (dead, red) to visualize photoablation efficiency following treatment with increasing doses of AuNRs. Due to the delamination of dead cells, no red staining is present in the treated regions of interest. In the MCF-7 cell line, this dead staining was occasionally observed prior to delamination (Fig I in S1 File). Scale bar = 100 μm.

Mentions: Photothermal therapy was evaluated in breast and oral cancer cell lines with varying levels of carcinoma-associated MUC1 expression. MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and SCC15 cells were treated with 0, 0.75, 1.5, or 3 pM of variously modified AuNRs and subjected to NIR photo-irradiation at a power density of 0.18 W/nm. Fluorescent live/dead staining of cells treated with anti-MUC1-modified AuNRs demonstrated a dose-dependent enhancement of cellular ablation that was MUC1 specific in MCF-7 and SCC15 cell lines (Fig 6). Thermal elevation curves measured in aqueous suspensions of variously modified nanorods revealed heat increases sufficient for therapeutic hyperthermia (Fig H in S1 File).


MUC1-Targeted Cancer Cell Photothermal Ablation Using Bioinspired Gold Nanorods.

Zelasko-Leon DC, Fuentes CM, Messersmith PB - PLoS ONE (2015)

Photothermal therapy of breast and oral cancer cells.Photoablation of cells with NKT Photonics SuperK Versa near-infrared (NIR) light source (480–850 nm). Cells were imaged with calcein AM (live, green) and propidium iodide (dead, red) to visualize photoablation efficiency following treatment with increasing doses of AuNRs. Due to the delamination of dead cells, no red staining is present in the treated regions of interest. In the MCF-7 cell line, this dead staining was occasionally observed prior to delamination (Fig I in S1 File). Scale bar = 100 μm.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4493038&req=5

pone.0128756.g006: Photothermal therapy of breast and oral cancer cells.Photoablation of cells with NKT Photonics SuperK Versa near-infrared (NIR) light source (480–850 nm). Cells were imaged with calcein AM (live, green) and propidium iodide (dead, red) to visualize photoablation efficiency following treatment with increasing doses of AuNRs. Due to the delamination of dead cells, no red staining is present in the treated regions of interest. In the MCF-7 cell line, this dead staining was occasionally observed prior to delamination (Fig I in S1 File). Scale bar = 100 μm.
Mentions: Photothermal therapy was evaluated in breast and oral cancer cell lines with varying levels of carcinoma-associated MUC1 expression. MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and SCC15 cells were treated with 0, 0.75, 1.5, or 3 pM of variously modified AuNRs and subjected to NIR photo-irradiation at a power density of 0.18 W/nm. Fluorescent live/dead staining of cells treated with anti-MUC1-modified AuNRs demonstrated a dose-dependent enhancement of cellular ablation that was MUC1 specific in MCF-7 and SCC15 cell lines (Fig 6). Thermal elevation curves measured in aqueous suspensions of variously modified nanorods revealed heat increases sufficient for therapeutic hyperthermia (Fig H in S1 File).

Bottom Line: MUC1-BSA-PD-NRs substantially decreased cell viability in photoirradiated MCF-7 cell lines vs.Agents exhibited no cytotoxicity in the absence of photothermal treatment.The facile nature of the coating method, combined with targeting and photoablation efficacy, are attractive features of these candidate cancer nanotherapeutics.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America; Department of Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Recent studies have highlighted the overexpression of mucin 1 (MUC1) in various epithelial carcinomas and its role in tumorigenesis. These mucins present a novel targeting opportunity for nanoparticle-mediated photothermal cancer treatments due to their unique antenna-like extracellular extension. In this study, MUC1 antibodies and albumin were immobilized onto the surface of gold nanorods using a "primer" of polydopamine (PD), a molecular mimic of catechol- and amine-rich mussel adhesive proteins. PD forms an adhesive platform for the deposition of albumin and MUC1 antibodies, achieving a surface that is stable, bioinert and biofunctional. Two-photon luminescence confocal and darkfield scattering imaging revealed targeting of MUC1-BSA-PD-NRs to MUC1+ MCF-7 breast cancer and SCC-15 squamous cell carcinoma cells lines. Treated cells were exposed to a laser encompassing the near-infrared AuNR longitudinal surface plasmon and assessed for photothermal ablation. MUC1-BSA-PD-NRs substantially decreased cell viability in photoirradiated MCF-7 cell lines vs. MUC1- MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells (p < 0.005). Agents exhibited no cytotoxicity in the absence of photothermal treatment. The facile nature of the coating method, combined with targeting and photoablation efficacy, are attractive features of these candidate cancer nanotherapeutics.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus