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Potentiation of Growth Inhibitory Responses of the mTOR Inhibitor Everolimus by Dual mTORC1/2 Inhibitors in Cultured Breast Cancer Cell Lines.

Leung EY, Askarian-Amiri M, Finlay GJ, Rewcastle GW, Baguley BC - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: We then carried out combination studies with four everolimus resistant triple-negative breast cancer cell lines, and found an unexpectedly high degree of synergy between everolimus and the other inhibitors tested.The level of potentiation of everolimus inhibitory activity (measured by IC50 values) was found to be cell line-specific for all the kinase inhibitors tested.The results suggest that judicious combination of mTOR inhibitors with different modes of action could have beneficial effects in the treatment of breast cancer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, University of Auckland, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, University of Auckland, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand.

ABSTRACT
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a vital component of signaling pathways involving PI3K/AKT, is an attractive therapeutic target in breast cancer. Everolimus, an allosteric mTOR inhibitor that inhibits the mTOR functional complex mTORC1, is approved for treatment of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. Other mTOR inhibitors show interesting differences in target specificities: BEZ235 and GSK2126458 are ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors targeting both PI3K and mTORC1/2; AZD8055, AZD2014 and KU-0063794 are ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors targeting both mTORC1 and mTORC2; and GDC-0941 is a pan-PI3K inhibitor. We have addressed the question of whether mTOR inhibitors may be more effective in combination than singly in inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells. We selected a panel of 30 human breast cancer cell lines that included ER and PR positive, HER2 over-expressing, and "triple negative" variants, and determined whether signaling pathway utilization was related to drug-induced inhibition of proliferation. A significant correlation (p = 0.005) was found between everolimus IC50 values and p70S6K phosphorylation, but not with AKT or ERK phosphorylation, consistent with the mTOR pathway being a principal target. We then carried out combination studies with four everolimus resistant triple-negative breast cancer cell lines, and found an unexpectedly high degree of synergy between everolimus and the other inhibitors tested. The level of potentiation of everolimus inhibitory activity (measured by IC50 values) was found to be cell line-specific for all the kinase inhibitors tested. The results suggest that judicious combination of mTOR inhibitors with different modes of action could have beneficial effects in the treatment of breast cancer.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The cellular response to drug combinations of breast cancer cell lines.(A) MDA-MB-231, (B) MDA-MB-436, (C) BT20 and (D) HCC1143 breast cancer cells were treated with drugs for 24 h and signaling pathway usage was measured by protein phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, rpS6, 4E-BP1 and ERK in the four cell lines. Immunoblots with antibodies specific for phosphorylated proteins are indicated. Actin is the loading control.
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pone.0131400.g006: The cellular response to drug combinations of breast cancer cell lines.(A) MDA-MB-231, (B) MDA-MB-436, (C) BT20 and (D) HCC1143 breast cancer cells were treated with drugs for 24 h and signaling pathway usage was measured by protein phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, rpS6, 4E-BP1 and ERK in the four cell lines. Immunoblots with antibodies specific for phosphorylated proteins are indicated. Actin is the loading control.

Mentions: The cellular responses to inhibitor combinations were also assessed by measuring phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, rpS6, 4E-BP1 and ERK (Fig 6; S1, S2 and S3 Figs). The degree to which thymidine incorporation was suppressed in the cell lines tested showed no correlation with the signaling responses (as measured by protein phosphorylation) induced by inhibitors either alone or in combination. Both GSK2126458 and AZD8055 reduced AKT phosphorylation in MDA-MB-231 and HCC1143 cells. BEZ235 showed no effect on the AKT phosphorylation, but showed the highest Bliss value (Bliss = 26±5, where Bliss > 0 indicates synergy) in proliferation assays (Table 1). Similar results were observed with the other cell lines tested. Increased ERK phosphorylation in BT20 treated with BEZ235 showed no correlation with drug sensitivity measured by H3-thymidine incorporation (Figs 5 and 6). Changes in signaling responses therefore did not reflect the synergistic effects on proliferation, regardless of whether the inhibitor targeted mTOR alone or both PI3K/mTOR.


Potentiation of Growth Inhibitory Responses of the mTOR Inhibitor Everolimus by Dual mTORC1/2 Inhibitors in Cultured Breast Cancer Cell Lines.

Leung EY, Askarian-Amiri M, Finlay GJ, Rewcastle GW, Baguley BC - PLoS ONE (2015)

The cellular response to drug combinations of breast cancer cell lines.(A) MDA-MB-231, (B) MDA-MB-436, (C) BT20 and (D) HCC1143 breast cancer cells were treated with drugs for 24 h and signaling pathway usage was measured by protein phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, rpS6, 4E-BP1 and ERK in the four cell lines. Immunoblots with antibodies specific for phosphorylated proteins are indicated. Actin is the loading control.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492962&req=5

pone.0131400.g006: The cellular response to drug combinations of breast cancer cell lines.(A) MDA-MB-231, (B) MDA-MB-436, (C) BT20 and (D) HCC1143 breast cancer cells were treated with drugs for 24 h and signaling pathway usage was measured by protein phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, rpS6, 4E-BP1 and ERK in the four cell lines. Immunoblots with antibodies specific for phosphorylated proteins are indicated. Actin is the loading control.
Mentions: The cellular responses to inhibitor combinations were also assessed by measuring phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, rpS6, 4E-BP1 and ERK (Fig 6; S1, S2 and S3 Figs). The degree to which thymidine incorporation was suppressed in the cell lines tested showed no correlation with the signaling responses (as measured by protein phosphorylation) induced by inhibitors either alone or in combination. Both GSK2126458 and AZD8055 reduced AKT phosphorylation in MDA-MB-231 and HCC1143 cells. BEZ235 showed no effect on the AKT phosphorylation, but showed the highest Bliss value (Bliss = 26±5, where Bliss > 0 indicates synergy) in proliferation assays (Table 1). Similar results were observed with the other cell lines tested. Increased ERK phosphorylation in BT20 treated with BEZ235 showed no correlation with drug sensitivity measured by H3-thymidine incorporation (Figs 5 and 6). Changes in signaling responses therefore did not reflect the synergistic effects on proliferation, regardless of whether the inhibitor targeted mTOR alone or both PI3K/mTOR.

Bottom Line: We then carried out combination studies with four everolimus resistant triple-negative breast cancer cell lines, and found an unexpectedly high degree of synergy between everolimus and the other inhibitors tested.The level of potentiation of everolimus inhibitory activity (measured by IC50 values) was found to be cell line-specific for all the kinase inhibitors tested.The results suggest that judicious combination of mTOR inhibitors with different modes of action could have beneficial effects in the treatment of breast cancer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, University of Auckland, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, University of Auckland, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand.

ABSTRACT
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a vital component of signaling pathways involving PI3K/AKT, is an attractive therapeutic target in breast cancer. Everolimus, an allosteric mTOR inhibitor that inhibits the mTOR functional complex mTORC1, is approved for treatment of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. Other mTOR inhibitors show interesting differences in target specificities: BEZ235 and GSK2126458 are ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors targeting both PI3K and mTORC1/2; AZD8055, AZD2014 and KU-0063794 are ATP competitive mTOR inhibitors targeting both mTORC1 and mTORC2; and GDC-0941 is a pan-PI3K inhibitor. We have addressed the question of whether mTOR inhibitors may be more effective in combination than singly in inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells. We selected a panel of 30 human breast cancer cell lines that included ER and PR positive, HER2 over-expressing, and "triple negative" variants, and determined whether signaling pathway utilization was related to drug-induced inhibition of proliferation. A significant correlation (p = 0.005) was found between everolimus IC50 values and p70S6K phosphorylation, but not with AKT or ERK phosphorylation, consistent with the mTOR pathway being a principal target. We then carried out combination studies with four everolimus resistant triple-negative breast cancer cell lines, and found an unexpectedly high degree of synergy between everolimus and the other inhibitors tested. The level of potentiation of everolimus inhibitory activity (measured by IC50 values) was found to be cell line-specific for all the kinase inhibitors tested. The results suggest that judicious combination of mTOR inhibitors with different modes of action could have beneficial effects in the treatment of breast cancer.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus