Limits...
Epigenetic Diversity of Clonal White Poplar (Populus alba L.) Populations: Could Methylation Support the Success of Vegetative Reproduction Strategy?

Guarino F, Cicatelli A, Brundu G, Heinze B, Castiglione S - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The variable epigenetic status of Sardinian white poplars revealed a decreased number of population clusters.Landscape genetics analyses clearly demonstrated that ramets of the same clone were differentially methylated in relation to their geographic position.Therefore, our data support the notion that studies on plant biodiversity should no longer be restricted to genetic aspects, especially in the case of vegetatively propagated plant species.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dipartimento di Chimica e Biologia, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Fisciano, Italia.

ABSTRACT
The widespread poplar populations of Sardinia are vegetatively propagated and live in different natural environments forming large monoclonal stands. The main goals of the present study were: i) to investigate/measure the epigenetic diversity of the poplar populations by determining their DNA methylation status; ii) to assess if and how methylation status influences population clustering; iii) to shed light on the changes that occur in the epigenome of ramets of the same poplar clone. To these purposes, 83 white poplar trees were sampled at different locations on the island of Sardinia. Methylation sensitive amplified polymorphism analysis was carried out on the genomic DNA extracted from leaves at the same juvenile stage. The study showed that the genetic biodiversity of poplars is quite limited but it is counterbalanced by epigenetic inter-population molecular variability. The comparison between MspI and HpaII DNA fragmentation profiles revealed that environmental conditions strongly influence hemi-methylation of the inner cytosine. The variable epigenetic status of Sardinian white poplars revealed a decreased number of population clusters. Landscape genetics analyses clearly demonstrated that ramets of the same clone were differentially methylated in relation to their geographic position. Therefore, our data support the notion that studies on plant biodiversity should no longer be restricted to genetic aspects, especially in the case of vegetatively propagated plant species.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

UPGMA dendrogram based on MspI profiles obtained from Sardinian white poplars.The Jaccard similarity index is indicated on the X axis. The sample names with their previously assigned (or not) genotype are reported on the Y axis.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492942&req=5

pone.0131480.g003: UPGMA dendrogram based on MspI profiles obtained from Sardinian white poplars.The Jaccard similarity index is indicated on the X axis. The sample names with their previously assigned (or not) genotype are reported on the Y axis.

Mentions: In order to understand how methylation status influences the clustering of the sample and their membership, the Jaccard similarity index was calculated for MspI and HpaII profiles (Figs 3 and 4, respectively). Results, showed a high overall similarity in the Sardinian white poplars (Fig 3). Many trees showed the same methylation status with regard to the methylation of double strand cytosine and hemi-methylation of inner cytosine, whilst the dendrogram constructed using HpaII data showed a lower Jaccard similarity index compared to MspI, due to a larger epigenetic diversity revealed by the former digestion (Fig 4).


Epigenetic Diversity of Clonal White Poplar (Populus alba L.) Populations: Could Methylation Support the Success of Vegetative Reproduction Strategy?

Guarino F, Cicatelli A, Brundu G, Heinze B, Castiglione S - PLoS ONE (2015)

UPGMA dendrogram based on MspI profiles obtained from Sardinian white poplars.The Jaccard similarity index is indicated on the X axis. The sample names with their previously assigned (or not) genotype are reported on the Y axis.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492942&req=5

pone.0131480.g003: UPGMA dendrogram based on MspI profiles obtained from Sardinian white poplars.The Jaccard similarity index is indicated on the X axis. The sample names with their previously assigned (or not) genotype are reported on the Y axis.
Mentions: In order to understand how methylation status influences the clustering of the sample and their membership, the Jaccard similarity index was calculated for MspI and HpaII profiles (Figs 3 and 4, respectively). Results, showed a high overall similarity in the Sardinian white poplars (Fig 3). Many trees showed the same methylation status with regard to the methylation of double strand cytosine and hemi-methylation of inner cytosine, whilst the dendrogram constructed using HpaII data showed a lower Jaccard similarity index compared to MspI, due to a larger epigenetic diversity revealed by the former digestion (Fig 4).

Bottom Line: The variable epigenetic status of Sardinian white poplars revealed a decreased number of population clusters.Landscape genetics analyses clearly demonstrated that ramets of the same clone were differentially methylated in relation to their geographic position.Therefore, our data support the notion that studies on plant biodiversity should no longer be restricted to genetic aspects, especially in the case of vegetatively propagated plant species.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dipartimento di Chimica e Biologia, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Fisciano, Italia.

ABSTRACT
The widespread poplar populations of Sardinia are vegetatively propagated and live in different natural environments forming large monoclonal stands. The main goals of the present study were: i) to investigate/measure the epigenetic diversity of the poplar populations by determining their DNA methylation status; ii) to assess if and how methylation status influences population clustering; iii) to shed light on the changes that occur in the epigenome of ramets of the same poplar clone. To these purposes, 83 white poplar trees were sampled at different locations on the island of Sardinia. Methylation sensitive amplified polymorphism analysis was carried out on the genomic DNA extracted from leaves at the same juvenile stage. The study showed that the genetic biodiversity of poplars is quite limited but it is counterbalanced by epigenetic inter-population molecular variability. The comparison between MspI and HpaII DNA fragmentation profiles revealed that environmental conditions strongly influence hemi-methylation of the inner cytosine. The variable epigenetic status of Sardinian white poplars revealed a decreased number of population clusters. Landscape genetics analyses clearly demonstrated that ramets of the same clone were differentially methylated in relation to their geographic position. Therefore, our data support the notion that studies on plant biodiversity should no longer be restricted to genetic aspects, especially in the case of vegetatively propagated plant species.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus