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Simvastatin mitigates increases in risk factors for and the occurrence of cardiac disease following 10 Gy total body irradiation.

Lenarczyk M, Su J, Haworth ST, Komorowski R, Fish BL, Migrino RQ, Harmann L, Hopewell JW, Kronenberg A, Patel S, Moulder JE, Baker JE - Pharmacol Res Perspect (2015)

Bottom Line: TBI resulted in cellular peri-arterial fibrosis, whereas control hearts had less collagen and fibrosis.Simvastatin mitigated these morphological injuries.Simvastatin mitigated the severity of this myocardial infarction at 20 and 80 days following TBI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

ABSTRACT
The ability of simvastatin to mitigate the increases in risk factors for and the occurrence of cardiac disease after 10 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) was determined. This radiation dose is relevant to conditioning for stem cell transplantation and threats from radiological terrorism. Male rats received single dose TBI of 10 Gy. Age-matched, sham-irradiated rats served as controls. Lipid profile, heart and liver morphology and cardiac mechanical function were determined for up to 120 days after irradiation. TBI resulted in a sustained increase in total- and LDL-cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol), and triglycerides. Simvastatin (10 mg/kg body weight/day) administered continuously from 9 days after irradiation mitigated TBI-induced increases in total- and LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as liver injury. TBI resulted in cellular peri-arterial fibrosis, whereas control hearts had less collagen and fibrosis. Simvastatin mitigated these morphological injuries. TBI resulted in cardiac mechanical dysfunction. Simvastatin mitigated cardiac mechanical dysfunction 20-120 days following TBI. To determine whether simvastatin affects the ability of the heart to withstand stress after TBI, injury from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion was determined in vitro. TBI increased the severity of an induced myocardial infarction at 20 and 80 days after irradiation. Simvastatin mitigated the severity of this myocardial infarction at 20 and 80 days following TBI. It is concluded simvastatin mitigated the increases in risk factors for cardiac disease and the extent of cardiac disease following TBI. This statin may be developed as a medical countermeasure for the mitigation of radiation-induced cardiac disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Simvastatin does not mitigate decreases in coronary vessel density. Representative micro-computed tomography images of changes in coronary vessel density of the heart obtained 120 days after exposure to TBI with 10 Gy, TBI followed by the administration of simvastatin (TBI + Sim) (10 mg/kg bw/day), and simvastatin administration alone (Sim) in comparison with heart from an age-matched, sham-irradiated rat (control). TBI resulted in a decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels (<50 μm). The density of large diameter coronary vessels was unchanged following TBI with 10 Gy. Simvastatin did not affect the diameters of the smaller diameter coronary vessels. TBI, total body irradiation.
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fig04: Simvastatin does not mitigate decreases in coronary vessel density. Representative micro-computed tomography images of changes in coronary vessel density of the heart obtained 120 days after exposure to TBI with 10 Gy, TBI followed by the administration of simvastatin (TBI + Sim) (10 mg/kg bw/day), and simvastatin administration alone (Sim) in comparison with heart from an age-matched, sham-irradiated rat (control). TBI resulted in a decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels (<50 μm). The density of large diameter coronary vessels was unchanged following TBI with 10 Gy. Simvastatin did not affect the diameters of the smaller diameter coronary vessels. TBI, total body irradiation.

Mentions: TBI resulted in a decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels (<50 μm) compared with nonirradiated controls after 120 days (Fig.4). The density of large diameter coronary vessels was unchanged following a TBI dose of 10 Gy. Simvastatin did not mitigate the decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels induced by radiation (Fig.4). Simvastatin administration did not change the density of small diameter vessels in nonirradiated control rats.


Simvastatin mitigates increases in risk factors for and the occurrence of cardiac disease following 10 Gy total body irradiation.

Lenarczyk M, Su J, Haworth ST, Komorowski R, Fish BL, Migrino RQ, Harmann L, Hopewell JW, Kronenberg A, Patel S, Moulder JE, Baker JE - Pharmacol Res Perspect (2015)

Simvastatin does not mitigate decreases in coronary vessel density. Representative micro-computed tomography images of changes in coronary vessel density of the heart obtained 120 days after exposure to TBI with 10 Gy, TBI followed by the administration of simvastatin (TBI + Sim) (10 mg/kg bw/day), and simvastatin administration alone (Sim) in comparison with heart from an age-matched, sham-irradiated rat (control). TBI resulted in a decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels (<50 μm). The density of large diameter coronary vessels was unchanged following TBI with 10 Gy. Simvastatin did not affect the diameters of the smaller diameter coronary vessels. TBI, total body irradiation.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492761&req=5

fig04: Simvastatin does not mitigate decreases in coronary vessel density. Representative micro-computed tomography images of changes in coronary vessel density of the heart obtained 120 days after exposure to TBI with 10 Gy, TBI followed by the administration of simvastatin (TBI + Sim) (10 mg/kg bw/day), and simvastatin administration alone (Sim) in comparison with heart from an age-matched, sham-irradiated rat (control). TBI resulted in a decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels (<50 μm). The density of large diameter coronary vessels was unchanged following TBI with 10 Gy. Simvastatin did not affect the diameters of the smaller diameter coronary vessels. TBI, total body irradiation.
Mentions: TBI resulted in a decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels (<50 μm) compared with nonirradiated controls after 120 days (Fig.4). The density of large diameter coronary vessels was unchanged following a TBI dose of 10 Gy. Simvastatin did not mitigate the decrease in the density of the smaller diameter coronary vessels induced by radiation (Fig.4). Simvastatin administration did not change the density of small diameter vessels in nonirradiated control rats.

Bottom Line: TBI resulted in cellular peri-arterial fibrosis, whereas control hearts had less collagen and fibrosis.Simvastatin mitigated these morphological injuries.Simvastatin mitigated the severity of this myocardial infarction at 20 and 80 days following TBI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

ABSTRACT
The ability of simvastatin to mitigate the increases in risk factors for and the occurrence of cardiac disease after 10 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) was determined. This radiation dose is relevant to conditioning for stem cell transplantation and threats from radiological terrorism. Male rats received single dose TBI of 10 Gy. Age-matched, sham-irradiated rats served as controls. Lipid profile, heart and liver morphology and cardiac mechanical function were determined for up to 120 days after irradiation. TBI resulted in a sustained increase in total- and LDL-cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol), and triglycerides. Simvastatin (10 mg/kg body weight/day) administered continuously from 9 days after irradiation mitigated TBI-induced increases in total- and LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as liver injury. TBI resulted in cellular peri-arterial fibrosis, whereas control hearts had less collagen and fibrosis. Simvastatin mitigated these morphological injuries. TBI resulted in cardiac mechanical dysfunction. Simvastatin mitigated cardiac mechanical dysfunction 20-120 days following TBI. To determine whether simvastatin affects the ability of the heart to withstand stress after TBI, injury from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion was determined in vitro. TBI increased the severity of an induced myocardial infarction at 20 and 80 days after irradiation. Simvastatin mitigated the severity of this myocardial infarction at 20 and 80 days following TBI. It is concluded simvastatin mitigated the increases in risk factors for cardiac disease and the extent of cardiac disease following TBI. This statin may be developed as a medical countermeasure for the mitigation of radiation-induced cardiac disease.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus