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Abdominal tuberculosis: a radiological review with emphasis on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.

da Rocha EL, Pedrassa BC, Bormann RL, Kierszenbaum ML, Torres LR, D'Ippolito G - Radiol Bras (2015 May-Jun)

Bottom Line: It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases.Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MDs, Radiologists at Unit of Abdomen, Department of Imaging Diagnosis - Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Tuberculosis is a disease whose incidence has increased principally as a consequence of HIV infection and use of immunosuppressive drugs. The abdomen is the most common site of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases. Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment. In the present essay, cases with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis were assessed by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, demonstrating the involvement of different organs and systems, and presentations which frequently lead radiologists to a diagnostic dilemma. A brief literature review was focused on imaging findings and their respective prevalence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prostatic tuberculosis. Hypoattenuating nodular lesion with peripheral enhancementcompatible with abscess.
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f19: Prostatic tuberculosis. Hypoattenuating nodular lesion with peripheral enhancementcompatible with abscess.

Mentions: Tuberculous prostatitis is characterized by decreased echogenicity and increasedvascularization at Doppler ultrasonography, similarly to prostate cancer(12). In patients with prostatic abscess(Figure 19), CT scans and MRI reveal cysticlesion with peripheral enhancement, indistinguishable from other causes of abscess.Dystrophic and nonspecific calcifications may be observed in the chronic phase of thedisease(26).


Abdominal tuberculosis: a radiological review with emphasis on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.

da Rocha EL, Pedrassa BC, Bormann RL, Kierszenbaum ML, Torres LR, D'Ippolito G - Radiol Bras (2015 May-Jun)

Prostatic tuberculosis. Hypoattenuating nodular lesion with peripheral enhancementcompatible with abscess.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492571&req=5

f19: Prostatic tuberculosis. Hypoattenuating nodular lesion with peripheral enhancementcompatible with abscess.
Mentions: Tuberculous prostatitis is characterized by decreased echogenicity and increasedvascularization at Doppler ultrasonography, similarly to prostate cancer(12). In patients with prostatic abscess(Figure 19), CT scans and MRI reveal cysticlesion with peripheral enhancement, indistinguishable from other causes of abscess.Dystrophic and nonspecific calcifications may be observed in the chronic phase of thedisease(26).

Bottom Line: It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases.Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MDs, Radiologists at Unit of Abdomen, Department of Imaging Diagnosis - Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Tuberculosis is a disease whose incidence has increased principally as a consequence of HIV infection and use of immunosuppressive drugs. The abdomen is the most common site of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases. Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment. In the present essay, cases with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis were assessed by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, demonstrating the involvement of different organs and systems, and presentations which frequently lead radiologists to a diagnostic dilemma. A brief literature review was focused on imaging findings and their respective prevalence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus