Limits...
Abdominal tuberculosis: a radiological review with emphasis on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.

da Rocha EL, Pedrassa BC, Bormann RL, Kierszenbaum ML, Torres LR, D'Ippolito G - Radiol Bras (2015 May-Jun)

Bottom Line: It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases.Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MDs, Radiologists at Unit of Abdomen, Department of Imaging Diagnosis - Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Tuberculosis is a disease whose incidence has increased principally as a consequence of HIV infection and use of immunosuppressive drugs. The abdomen is the most common site of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases. Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment. In the present essay, cases with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis were assessed by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, demonstrating the involvement of different organs and systems, and presentations which frequently lead radiologists to a diagnostic dilemma. A brief literature review was focused on imaging findings and their respective prevalence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A: Adnexal tuberculosis. MRI shows diffuse parietal thickening withmarked contrast uptake and dilatation of both uterine tubes at T1-weightedsequence with fat-suppression after intravenous contrast injection.B: Uterine tuberculosis. Axial MRI T2-weighted image demonstratesdiffuse thickening of the endometrium and junctional zone (arrows), besidesheterogeneous endometrial content.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492571&req=5

f18: A: Adnexal tuberculosis. MRI shows diffuse parietal thickening withmarked contrast uptake and dilatation of both uterine tubes at T1-weightedsequence with fat-suppression after intravenous contrast injection.B: Uterine tuberculosis. Axial MRI T2-weighted image demonstratesdiffuse thickening of the endometrium and junctional zone (arrows), besidesheterogeneous endometrial content.

Mentions: Most women with genital tuberculosis present with infertility secondary to tubalinvolvement (Figure 18A), which occurs in up to94% of such patients. Typically, it is bilateral and causes multifocal stricture andcalcifications(12). Tubo-ovarianabscess extending through the peritoneum and extraperitoneal compartment is alsosuggestive of tuberculosis(12).


Abdominal tuberculosis: a radiological review with emphasis on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.

da Rocha EL, Pedrassa BC, Bormann RL, Kierszenbaum ML, Torres LR, D'Ippolito G - Radiol Bras (2015 May-Jun)

A: Adnexal tuberculosis. MRI shows diffuse parietal thickening withmarked contrast uptake and dilatation of both uterine tubes at T1-weightedsequence with fat-suppression after intravenous contrast injection.B: Uterine tuberculosis. Axial MRI T2-weighted image demonstratesdiffuse thickening of the endometrium and junctional zone (arrows), besidesheterogeneous endometrial content.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492571&req=5

f18: A: Adnexal tuberculosis. MRI shows diffuse parietal thickening withmarked contrast uptake and dilatation of both uterine tubes at T1-weightedsequence with fat-suppression after intravenous contrast injection.B: Uterine tuberculosis. Axial MRI T2-weighted image demonstratesdiffuse thickening of the endometrium and junctional zone (arrows), besidesheterogeneous endometrial content.
Mentions: Most women with genital tuberculosis present with infertility secondary to tubalinvolvement (Figure 18A), which occurs in up to94% of such patients. Typically, it is bilateral and causes multifocal stricture andcalcifications(12). Tubo-ovarianabscess extending through the peritoneum and extraperitoneal compartment is alsosuggestive of tuberculosis(12).

Bottom Line: It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases.Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MDs, Radiologists at Unit of Abdomen, Department of Imaging Diagnosis - Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Tuberculosis is a disease whose incidence has increased principally as a consequence of HIV infection and use of immunosuppressive drugs. The abdomen is the most common site of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases. Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment. In the present essay, cases with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis were assessed by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, demonstrating the involvement of different organs and systems, and presentations which frequently lead radiologists to a diagnostic dilemma. A brief literature review was focused on imaging findings and their respective prevalence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus