Limits...
Abdominal tuberculosis: a radiological review with emphasis on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.

da Rocha EL, Pedrassa BC, Bormann RL, Kierszenbaum ML, Torres LR, D'Ippolito G - Radiol Bras (2015 May-Jun)

Bottom Line: It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases.Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MDs, Radiologists at Unit of Abdomen, Department of Imaging Diagnosis - Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Tuberculosis is a disease whose incidence has increased principally as a consequence of HIV infection and use of immunosuppressive drugs. The abdomen is the most common site of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases. Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment. In the present essay, cases with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis were assessed by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, demonstrating the involvement of different organs and systems, and presentations which frequently lead radiologists to a diagnostic dilemma. A brief literature review was focused on imaging findings and their respective prevalence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Vesical tuberculosis. CT identifies diffuse and asymmetrical thickening of thevesical wall (arrows).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492571&req=5

f17: Vesical tuberculosis. CT identifies diffuse and asymmetrical thickening of thevesical wall (arrows).

Mentions: Initially, tuberculous cystitis produces mucosal ulceration and edema. The diseaseextension towards the muscle layer leads to fibrosis and, consequently, to muralthickening and decrease in contractility. For this reason, the main sign of tuberculouscystitis is a thickened bladder and reduced bladder capacity (Figures 16 and 17). Ureteralreflux may be observed. Calcified tuberculous cystitis is rare and should bedifferentiated from other conditions such as schistosomiasis, amyloidosis,cyclophosphamide-induced actinic cystitis, carcinoma and foreign bodies(28).


Abdominal tuberculosis: a radiological review with emphasis on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.

da Rocha EL, Pedrassa BC, Bormann RL, Kierszenbaum ML, Torres LR, D'Ippolito G - Radiol Bras (2015 May-Jun)

Vesical tuberculosis. CT identifies diffuse and asymmetrical thickening of thevesical wall (arrows).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492571&req=5

f17: Vesical tuberculosis. CT identifies diffuse and asymmetrical thickening of thevesical wall (arrows).
Mentions: Initially, tuberculous cystitis produces mucosal ulceration and edema. The diseaseextension towards the muscle layer leads to fibrosis and, consequently, to muralthickening and decrease in contractility. For this reason, the main sign of tuberculouscystitis is a thickened bladder and reduced bladder capacity (Figures 16 and 17). Ureteralreflux may be observed. Calcified tuberculous cystitis is rare and should bedifferentiated from other conditions such as schistosomiasis, amyloidosis,cyclophosphamide-induced actinic cystitis, carcinoma and foreign bodies(28).

Bottom Line: It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases.Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MDs, Radiologists at Unit of Abdomen, Department of Imaging Diagnosis - Escola Paulista de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Tuberculosis is a disease whose incidence has increased principally as a consequence of HIV infection and use of immunosuppressive drugs. The abdomen is the most common site of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It may be confused with several different conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, cancer and other infectious diseases. Delay in the diagnosis may result in significantly increased morbidity, and therefore an early recognition of the condition is essential for proper treatment. In the present essay, cases with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis were assessed by means of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, demonstrating the involvement of different organs and systems, and presentations which frequently lead radiologists to a diagnostic dilemma. A brief literature review was focused on imaging findings and their respective prevalence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus