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Equestrian expertise affecting physical fitness, body compositions, lactate, heart rate and calorie consumption of elite horse riding players.

Sung BJ, Jeon SY, Lim SR, Lee KE, Jee H - J Exerc Rehabil (2015)

Bottom Line: HR is renowned as an effective sport for young and old women and men.Around 3 yr riding experienced elites are preeminent at balance capability compared to 1 yr riding experienced amateurs.Exercise intensity estimated from heart rate was significantly higher in elites (P<0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Sport Science, Korea Institute of Sport Science, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Horse riding (HR) is a sport harmonized with rider and horse. HR is renowned as an effective sport for young and old women and men. There is rare study regarding comparison between elite horse riders and amateurs. We aimed to investigate comprehensive ranges of parameters such as change of lactate, heart rate, calorie, VO2max, skeletal muscle mass, body water, body fat, etc between amateurs and professionals to emphasize HR not only as a sport training but also as a therapeutic aspect. We performed 3 experiments for comparing physical fitness, body compositions, lactate value, heart rate and calorie consumption change before and after riding between amateurs and elites. Around 3 yr riding experienced elites are preeminent at balance capability compared to 1 yr riding experienced amateurs. During 18 min horse riding, skeletal muscle mass and body fat were interestingly increased and decreased, respectively. Lactate response was more sensitive in elites rather than amateurs and its recovery was reversely reacted. Exercise intensity estimated from heart rate was significantly higher in elites (P<0.05). The similar pattern of calorie consumption during riding between amateurs and elites was shown. Horse riding possibly induces various physiological (muscle strength, balance, oxidative capability, flexibility, and metabolic control) changes within body and is thus highly recommended as combined exercise for women, children, and aged as therapeutic and leisure sport activity.

No MeSH data available.


Comparison of lactate level (mmol/L) according to time course between amateur and elite horse riders. Lactate level was measured during and after Show Jumping: rest, just before riding, all out, after 5 min, after 15 min, after 30 min. There was no statistical difference during the measurement. Amateur average values were 9.6% higher than elites, however, Elite values of lactate were higher compared to amateur values in the whole period of Show Jumping afterward. The data was shown as mean±standard deviation (S.D.)
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f1-jer-11-3-175: Comparison of lactate level (mmol/L) according to time course between amateur and elite horse riders. Lactate level was measured during and after Show Jumping: rest, just before riding, all out, after 5 min, after 15 min, after 30 min. There was no statistical difference during the measurement. Amateur average values were 9.6% higher than elites, however, Elite values of lactate were higher compared to amateur values in the whole period of Show Jumping afterward. The data was shown as mean±standard deviation (S.D.)

Mentions: We classified changes of weight, body water, skeletal muscle mass, and body fat as body compositions and those parameters are compared between amateurs and elites before and after HR (Table 3). Further, we analyzed lactate values and its recovery rate during and after riding (Fig. 1 and 3). Riding as exercise intensity was also measured by % of maximal heart rate (Fig. 2).


Equestrian expertise affecting physical fitness, body compositions, lactate, heart rate and calorie consumption of elite horse riding players.

Sung BJ, Jeon SY, Lim SR, Lee KE, Jee H - J Exerc Rehabil (2015)

Comparison of lactate level (mmol/L) according to time course between amateur and elite horse riders. Lactate level was measured during and after Show Jumping: rest, just before riding, all out, after 5 min, after 15 min, after 30 min. There was no statistical difference during the measurement. Amateur average values were 9.6% higher than elites, however, Elite values of lactate were higher compared to amateur values in the whole period of Show Jumping afterward. The data was shown as mean±standard deviation (S.D.)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492429&req=5

f1-jer-11-3-175: Comparison of lactate level (mmol/L) according to time course between amateur and elite horse riders. Lactate level was measured during and after Show Jumping: rest, just before riding, all out, after 5 min, after 15 min, after 30 min. There was no statistical difference during the measurement. Amateur average values were 9.6% higher than elites, however, Elite values of lactate were higher compared to amateur values in the whole period of Show Jumping afterward. The data was shown as mean±standard deviation (S.D.)
Mentions: We classified changes of weight, body water, skeletal muscle mass, and body fat as body compositions and those parameters are compared between amateurs and elites before and after HR (Table 3). Further, we analyzed lactate values and its recovery rate during and after riding (Fig. 1 and 3). Riding as exercise intensity was also measured by % of maximal heart rate (Fig. 2).

Bottom Line: HR is renowned as an effective sport for young and old women and men.Around 3 yr riding experienced elites are preeminent at balance capability compared to 1 yr riding experienced amateurs.Exercise intensity estimated from heart rate was significantly higher in elites (P<0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Sport Science, Korea Institute of Sport Science, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT
Horse riding (HR) is a sport harmonized with rider and horse. HR is renowned as an effective sport for young and old women and men. There is rare study regarding comparison between elite horse riders and amateurs. We aimed to investigate comprehensive ranges of parameters such as change of lactate, heart rate, calorie, VO2max, skeletal muscle mass, body water, body fat, etc between amateurs and professionals to emphasize HR not only as a sport training but also as a therapeutic aspect. We performed 3 experiments for comparing physical fitness, body compositions, lactate value, heart rate and calorie consumption change before and after riding between amateurs and elites. Around 3 yr riding experienced elites are preeminent at balance capability compared to 1 yr riding experienced amateurs. During 18 min horse riding, skeletal muscle mass and body fat were interestingly increased and decreased, respectively. Lactate response was more sensitive in elites rather than amateurs and its recovery was reversely reacted. Exercise intensity estimated from heart rate was significantly higher in elites (P<0.05). The similar pattern of calorie consumption during riding between amateurs and elites was shown. Horse riding possibly induces various physiological (muscle strength, balance, oxidative capability, flexibility, and metabolic control) changes within body and is thus highly recommended as combined exercise for women, children, and aged as therapeutic and leisure sport activity.

No MeSH data available.