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Standard manufacturing procedure of Shadguna Balijarita Makaradhwaja.

Khedekar SB, Prajapati PK - Ayu (2014 Oct-Dec)

Bottom Line: Total four batches of SBM were prepared by using electrical muffle furnace (EMF).All the involved procedures were followed as per classical guidelines.Average 13.68% yield of SBM was observed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Shree Saptashrungi Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Nashik, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Makaradhwaja is one of the most potent herbomineral medicines of Ayurveda. Different references for the preparation of Makaradhwaja were reported in classics. According to the proportion of sulfur (Gandhaka), three references were mentioned in classics that is, Dwiguna (2:1 = S: Hg), Triguna (3:1 = S: Hg) and Shadguna (6:1 = S: Hg). Makaradhwaja is prepared by Kupipakwa system of heating. In the preparation of Kupipakwa medicine as the ratio of sulfur to mercury increases it becomes difficult to prepare medicine.

Aim: To standardize manufacturing procedure of Shadguna Balijarita Makaradhwaja (SBM).

Materials and methods: Total four batches of SBM were prepared by using electrical muffle furnace (EMF). All the involved procedures were followed as per classical guidelines.

Results: Average 13.68% yield of SBM was observed.

Conclusion: SBM requires intermittent heating pattern, that is, mild heat (100-125° C) for 2.5 hrs, moderate heat (250-450° C) for 4.5 hrs and strong heat (450-600° C) for 5 hrs for 290.5 g Kajjali.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Steps involved in purification of sulfur
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Figure 2: Steps involved in purification of sulfur

Mentions: General purification (Samanya Shodhana) of gold was done by following classical guidelines.[8] Gold flakes were prepared and heated on gas blower followed by quenching in prescribed liquids for three times After purification (Shodhana) gold was converted into foils (Swarna Varkha) [Figure 1]. Sulfur was melted along with cow ghee and poured into cow milk [Figure 2], heated (Swedana) in the same medium for 24 min. At the end of the process, sulfur was collected, washed with hot water for 7 times, dried and stored in a glass bottle for further use.[9] Purification of cinnabar was done by levigating in the presence of C. medica juice for 3 times. It was dried and stored in a glass jar.[10] Mercury (Parada) was extracted from the cinnabar by Nada Yantra method [Figure 3].[11] Amalgamation of 20 g gold foils and 160 g mercury was done in a granite mortar [Figures 4 and 5]. This amalgam was added with 960g purified sulfur to prepare black sulfide of mercury (Kajjali) by triturating for 24 hrs. This Kajjali was levigated with fresh juice of H. rosa sinensis flowers and A. barbadensis for 3 hrs each.[6] The final contents were dried and stored in a glass jar.


Standard manufacturing procedure of Shadguna Balijarita Makaradhwaja.

Khedekar SB, Prajapati PK - Ayu (2014 Oct-Dec)

Steps involved in purification of sulfur
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492029&req=5

Figure 2: Steps involved in purification of sulfur
Mentions: General purification (Samanya Shodhana) of gold was done by following classical guidelines.[8] Gold flakes were prepared and heated on gas blower followed by quenching in prescribed liquids for three times After purification (Shodhana) gold was converted into foils (Swarna Varkha) [Figure 1]. Sulfur was melted along with cow ghee and poured into cow milk [Figure 2], heated (Swedana) in the same medium for 24 min. At the end of the process, sulfur was collected, washed with hot water for 7 times, dried and stored in a glass bottle for further use.[9] Purification of cinnabar was done by levigating in the presence of C. medica juice for 3 times. It was dried and stored in a glass jar.[10] Mercury (Parada) was extracted from the cinnabar by Nada Yantra method [Figure 3].[11] Amalgamation of 20 g gold foils and 160 g mercury was done in a granite mortar [Figures 4 and 5]. This amalgam was added with 960g purified sulfur to prepare black sulfide of mercury (Kajjali) by triturating for 24 hrs. This Kajjali was levigated with fresh juice of H. rosa sinensis flowers and A. barbadensis for 3 hrs each.[6] The final contents were dried and stored in a glass jar.

Bottom Line: Total four batches of SBM were prepared by using electrical muffle furnace (EMF).All the involved procedures were followed as per classical guidelines.Average 13.68% yield of SBM was observed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Shree Saptashrungi Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Nashik, Maharashtra, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Makaradhwaja is one of the most potent herbomineral medicines of Ayurveda. Different references for the preparation of Makaradhwaja were reported in classics. According to the proportion of sulfur (Gandhaka), three references were mentioned in classics that is, Dwiguna (2:1 = S: Hg), Triguna (3:1 = S: Hg) and Shadguna (6:1 = S: Hg). Makaradhwaja is prepared by Kupipakwa system of heating. In the preparation of Kupipakwa medicine as the ratio of sulfur to mercury increases it becomes difficult to prepare medicine.

Aim: To standardize manufacturing procedure of Shadguna Balijarita Makaradhwaja (SBM).

Materials and methods: Total four batches of SBM were prepared by using electrical muffle furnace (EMF). All the involved procedures were followed as per classical guidelines.

Results: Average 13.68% yield of SBM was observed.

Conclusion: SBM requires intermittent heating pattern, that is, mild heat (100-125° C) for 2.5 hrs, moderate heat (250-450° C) for 4.5 hrs and strong heat (450-600° C) for 5 hrs for 290.5 g Kajjali.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus