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Medical geography in Charaka Samhita.

Bhavana KR - Ayu (2014 Oct-Dec)

Bottom Line: Charaka Samhita is the oldest and the most authentic treatise on Ayurveda and is the ancient medical science of India.Apart from giving information on medical conditions and their treatment; it also gives valuable information on geographical, social, and economic conditions of India.This article is an attempt to explore geographical conditions of the ancient India, its geographical position in present India and its medical significance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of PG Studies in Ayurveda Siddhanta, Government Ayurveda Medical College, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT
Charaka Samhita is the oldest and the most authentic treatise on Ayurveda and is the ancient medical science of India. Apart from giving information on medical conditions and their treatment; it also gives valuable information on geographical, social, and economic conditions of India. This article is an attempt to explore geographical conditions of the ancient India, its geographical position in present India and its medical significance.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Map of India indicating the regions mentioned in Charaka Samhita
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Figure 1: Map of India indicating the regions mentioned in Charaka Samhita

Mentions: Dakshinapatha is the region of peninsular India lying to the south of the Vindhyas.[65] Shakas extend from Pushkalavati on the west to Takshashila on the east on both sides of Indus.[66] Uttarakuru lay to the north-west of Sinkiang province of China and parts of the Tian Shan.[67] Yavanas extended between Hindu kush and the Indus.[68] Kashmir was between Indus on the north to the salt range in the south, from Indus on the west to Ravi on the east.[69] Saurashtra was the 667 miles in circuit, touched river Mahi on the west, that is, it comprises of whole of peninsular Gujarat from lesser Ran of Kutch to Khambay.[70] Videha was Northern Bihar.[71] Karthikeyapura is the present Tamil Nadu. Gouda is modern Bengal.[72] Panchanadapura is greater Punjab. Kamaroopa includes modern Assam together with Kusa-Vihara and Bhutan.[73] Panchala is modern Badaun, Farrukhabad, and the adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh.[74] Kalinga was 833 miles in circuit, united to the west by Andhra, and to the south by Dhanakakata, between Godavari and Indravati rivers.[75] Gandhara is the present Peshawar district of Pakistan.[76] Chandrabhaga is identified with river Chenab.[77] Avanti include Malwa, Nimar, and part of Madhya Pradesh.[66] Ashmaka lay on the banks of river Godavari between the rivers Godavari and Manjira. It corresponds to the districts Nizamabad and parts of Adilabad, Nanded, and Yavatmal in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.[78] Vatsa was located on the banks of river Jamuna. Its capital Kausambhi was located near modern Allahabad.[66] Pahlavas ruled between Afghanistan, Punjab, and Sindh.[79] Sravasti is to the north of the present city of Ayodhya between Akaona and Balrampur.[80] Magadha was 833 miles in circuit, bounded by Ganges on the north, the district of Banaras on the west, Mongir on the east and Singhbhum on the south.[81] Shoolika is identified with Kashgar area of China [Figure 1].[82]


Medical geography in Charaka Samhita.

Bhavana KR - Ayu (2014 Oct-Dec)

Map of India indicating the regions mentioned in Charaka Samhita
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492020&req=5

Figure 1: Map of India indicating the regions mentioned in Charaka Samhita
Mentions: Dakshinapatha is the region of peninsular India lying to the south of the Vindhyas.[65] Shakas extend from Pushkalavati on the west to Takshashila on the east on both sides of Indus.[66] Uttarakuru lay to the north-west of Sinkiang province of China and parts of the Tian Shan.[67] Yavanas extended between Hindu kush and the Indus.[68] Kashmir was between Indus on the north to the salt range in the south, from Indus on the west to Ravi on the east.[69] Saurashtra was the 667 miles in circuit, touched river Mahi on the west, that is, it comprises of whole of peninsular Gujarat from lesser Ran of Kutch to Khambay.[70] Videha was Northern Bihar.[71] Karthikeyapura is the present Tamil Nadu. Gouda is modern Bengal.[72] Panchanadapura is greater Punjab. Kamaroopa includes modern Assam together with Kusa-Vihara and Bhutan.[73] Panchala is modern Badaun, Farrukhabad, and the adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh.[74] Kalinga was 833 miles in circuit, united to the west by Andhra, and to the south by Dhanakakata, between Godavari and Indravati rivers.[75] Gandhara is the present Peshawar district of Pakistan.[76] Chandrabhaga is identified with river Chenab.[77] Avanti include Malwa, Nimar, and part of Madhya Pradesh.[66] Ashmaka lay on the banks of river Godavari between the rivers Godavari and Manjira. It corresponds to the districts Nizamabad and parts of Adilabad, Nanded, and Yavatmal in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.[78] Vatsa was located on the banks of river Jamuna. Its capital Kausambhi was located near modern Allahabad.[66] Pahlavas ruled between Afghanistan, Punjab, and Sindh.[79] Sravasti is to the north of the present city of Ayodhya between Akaona and Balrampur.[80] Magadha was 833 miles in circuit, bounded by Ganges on the north, the district of Banaras on the west, Mongir on the east and Singhbhum on the south.[81] Shoolika is identified with Kashgar area of China [Figure 1].[82]

Bottom Line: Charaka Samhita is the oldest and the most authentic treatise on Ayurveda and is the ancient medical science of India.Apart from giving information on medical conditions and their treatment; it also gives valuable information on geographical, social, and economic conditions of India.This article is an attempt to explore geographical conditions of the ancient India, its geographical position in present India and its medical significance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of PG Studies in Ayurveda Siddhanta, Government Ayurveda Medical College, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT
Charaka Samhita is the oldest and the most authentic treatise on Ayurveda and is the ancient medical science of India. Apart from giving information on medical conditions and their treatment; it also gives valuable information on geographical, social, and economic conditions of India. This article is an attempt to explore geographical conditions of the ancient India, its geographical position in present India and its medical significance.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus