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Health and educational success in adolescents: a longitudinal study.

Brekke I - BMC Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: It was found in the unadjusted results that infant health measures had a positive association with enrolment in higher education.However, this result seems to reflect the fact that parental SES correlate with both infant health and enrolment in higher education.Adolescent health are associated with enrolment in higher education, even after adjusting for parental SES.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nursing - Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Postbox 4 St. Olavs plass, N-0130, Oslo, Norway. idunn.brekke@hioa.no.

ABSTRACT

Background: Health in childhood and adolescence is a matter of contention. This article examines how infant and adolescent health act together with parental SES, health-related behaviour and academic factors to generate differences in the early life course with regard to later enrolment in higher education.

Methods: We used a questionnaire on health, The Oslo Health Study, which was linked to register data that provided detailed information on educational outcomes over time; and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, which provided information on health at birth.

Results: It was found in the unadjusted results that infant health measures had a positive association with enrolment in higher education. After adjustment for adolescent health, there was still evidence that infant health are associated with enrolment in higher education. However, this association disappeared when parental socio-economic status (SES) was included in the model. Health in adolescents remains a significant and strong predictor of enrolment in higher education after adjusting for parental SES. However, the relationship between adolescent health and enrolment in higher education was reduced and became nonsignificant when adjustments were made to the health behaviour of the adolescents and their relationship with their families. Future educational expectations and good grades in grade 10 are strong predictors of enrolment in higher education.

Conclusions: There are lower odds of enrolment in higher education for infants of low birthweight. However, this result seems to reflect the fact that parental SES correlate with both infant health and enrolment in higher education. Adolescent health are associated with enrolment in higher education, even after adjusting for parental SES. However, a considerable proportion of this association seems to be attributable to health-related behaviour and the relationship of the adolescent with his or her family.

No MeSH data available.


Conseptual model of the association between health and enrolment in higher education
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Fig1: Conseptual model of the association between health and enrolment in higher education

Mentions: Moreover, we assumed that parental SES is important in this regard. Children with a lower SES are likely to have a lower health status at birth [19, 21]. Highly educated mothers have been shown to adopt a healthier lifestyle during pregnancy [22]. In general, the circumstances of pregnancy and birth are better for mothers with a high SES than for those with a low SES. This might also be an interplay in this regard with genetic factors, which, in turn, affects the child’s health at birth [23]. Furthermore, living in a family with limited resources might affect child development and stress [24], which once again has consequences for child and adolescent well-being, health and educational outcome [25]. Therefore, we also hypothesised that the association between health at birth and that at adolescence and educational outcome is mediated by parental SES. Fig. 1 shows the analytic framework of the causal association between health and enrolment in higher education.Fig. 1


Health and educational success in adolescents: a longitudinal study.

Brekke I - BMC Public Health (2015)

Conseptual model of the association between health and enrolment in higher education
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4492012&req=5

Fig1: Conseptual model of the association between health and enrolment in higher education
Mentions: Moreover, we assumed that parental SES is important in this regard. Children with a lower SES are likely to have a lower health status at birth [19, 21]. Highly educated mothers have been shown to adopt a healthier lifestyle during pregnancy [22]. In general, the circumstances of pregnancy and birth are better for mothers with a high SES than for those with a low SES. This might also be an interplay in this regard with genetic factors, which, in turn, affects the child’s health at birth [23]. Furthermore, living in a family with limited resources might affect child development and stress [24], which once again has consequences for child and adolescent well-being, health and educational outcome [25]. Therefore, we also hypothesised that the association between health at birth and that at adolescence and educational outcome is mediated by parental SES. Fig. 1 shows the analytic framework of the causal association between health and enrolment in higher education.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: It was found in the unadjusted results that infant health measures had a positive association with enrolment in higher education.However, this result seems to reflect the fact that parental SES correlate with both infant health and enrolment in higher education.Adolescent health are associated with enrolment in higher education, even after adjusting for parental SES.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nursing - Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Postbox 4 St. Olavs plass, N-0130, Oslo, Norway. idunn.brekke@hioa.no.

ABSTRACT

Background: Health in childhood and adolescence is a matter of contention. This article examines how infant and adolescent health act together with parental SES, health-related behaviour and academic factors to generate differences in the early life course with regard to later enrolment in higher education.

Methods: We used a questionnaire on health, The Oslo Health Study, which was linked to register data that provided detailed information on educational outcomes over time; and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, which provided information on health at birth.

Results: It was found in the unadjusted results that infant health measures had a positive association with enrolment in higher education. After adjustment for adolescent health, there was still evidence that infant health are associated with enrolment in higher education. However, this association disappeared when parental socio-economic status (SES) was included in the model. Health in adolescents remains a significant and strong predictor of enrolment in higher education after adjusting for parental SES. However, the relationship between adolescent health and enrolment in higher education was reduced and became nonsignificant when adjustments were made to the health behaviour of the adolescents and their relationship with their families. Future educational expectations and good grades in grade 10 are strong predictors of enrolment in higher education.

Conclusions: There are lower odds of enrolment in higher education for infants of low birthweight. However, this result seems to reflect the fact that parental SES correlate with both infant health and enrolment in higher education. Adolescent health are associated with enrolment in higher education, even after adjusting for parental SES. However, a considerable proportion of this association seems to be attributable to health-related behaviour and the relationship of the adolescent with his or her family.

No MeSH data available.