Limits...
Beirut Air Pollution and Health Effects - BAPHE study protocol and objectives.

Nakhlé MM, Farah W, Ziade N, Abboud M, Coussa-Koniski ML, Annesi-Maesano I - Multidiscip Respir Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Recent studies investigating the health effects of air pollution have proven an existing impact around and below international air quality guidelines and standards.The protocol followed in BAPHE project is described; its benefits and disadvantages are presented and discussed in this paper.This article presents a simple protocol and the descriptive results of its application in the frame of an eco-epidemiological study in Lebanon.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Biology Department, Saint Joseph University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon ; Arcenciel, Environment Program, B.P. 165216 Beirut, Lebanon ; INSERM, UMR_S 1136, Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Equipe EPAR, F-75013 Paris, France ; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 1136, Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Equipe EPAR, F-75013 Paris, France.

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent studies investigating the health effects of air pollution have proven an existing impact around and below international air quality guidelines and standards. These studies were based on accessible data from official registers managed by public authorities. The protocol followed in BAPHE project is described; its benefits and disadvantages are presented and discussed in this paper.

Methods: Based on the review of several international studies we developed a custom made approach in BAPHE (Beirut Air Pollution and Health Effects) project in order to analyze the short term health effects of air pollution taking into consideration the lack of data availability from official sources.

Results: PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations were measured in Beirut for the period starting from the 1(st) of January 2012 to the 31(st) of December 2012. The annual average concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 exceeded WHO's annual average limits by 150 % and 200 %, respectively. Health data for 11,567 individuals were collected over 12 months. A variation of hospital admission causes was observed by age categories and gender.

Conclusions: This article presents a simple protocol and the descriptive results of its application in the frame of an eco-epidemiological study in Lebanon. We believe that this work is not only important on a local scale, but it could be helpful for environmental epidemiological studies in other countries.

No MeSH data available.


Total counts of emergency hospital admissions per gender and age groups
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4491268&req=5

Fig2: Total counts of emergency hospital admissions per gender and age groups

Mentions: Figure 2 shows the variation of hospital admission causes by age categories and gender. The respiratory system diseases affect all age groups. If we consider the vulnerable categories apart, we realize that the number of male aged less than 15 years are higher than female of the same category. For elderly, little difference exists between the two genders for the same causes of admission. In adults category men are more affected by cardiovascular diseases than women who developed more respiratory diseases during the study period and according to the sample studied.Fig. 2


Beirut Air Pollution and Health Effects - BAPHE study protocol and objectives.

Nakhlé MM, Farah W, Ziade N, Abboud M, Coussa-Koniski ML, Annesi-Maesano I - Multidiscip Respir Med (2015)

Total counts of emergency hospital admissions per gender and age groups
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4491268&req=5

Fig2: Total counts of emergency hospital admissions per gender and age groups
Mentions: Figure 2 shows the variation of hospital admission causes by age categories and gender. The respiratory system diseases affect all age groups. If we consider the vulnerable categories apart, we realize that the number of male aged less than 15 years are higher than female of the same category. For elderly, little difference exists between the two genders for the same causes of admission. In adults category men are more affected by cardiovascular diseases than women who developed more respiratory diseases during the study period and according to the sample studied.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Recent studies investigating the health effects of air pollution have proven an existing impact around and below international air quality guidelines and standards.The protocol followed in BAPHE project is described; its benefits and disadvantages are presented and discussed in this paper.This article presents a simple protocol and the descriptive results of its application in the frame of an eco-epidemiological study in Lebanon.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Biology Department, Saint Joseph University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon ; Arcenciel, Environment Program, B.P. 165216 Beirut, Lebanon ; INSERM, UMR_S 1136, Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Equipe EPAR, F-75013 Paris, France ; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 1136, Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Equipe EPAR, F-75013 Paris, France.

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent studies investigating the health effects of air pollution have proven an existing impact around and below international air quality guidelines and standards. These studies were based on accessible data from official registers managed by public authorities. The protocol followed in BAPHE project is described; its benefits and disadvantages are presented and discussed in this paper.

Methods: Based on the review of several international studies we developed a custom made approach in BAPHE (Beirut Air Pollution and Health Effects) project in order to analyze the short term health effects of air pollution taking into consideration the lack of data availability from official sources.

Results: PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations were measured in Beirut for the period starting from the 1(st) of January 2012 to the 31(st) of December 2012. The annual average concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 exceeded WHO's annual average limits by 150 % and 200 %, respectively. Health data for 11,567 individuals were collected over 12 months. A variation of hospital admission causes was observed by age categories and gender.

Conclusions: This article presents a simple protocol and the descriptive results of its application in the frame of an eco-epidemiological study in Lebanon. We believe that this work is not only important on a local scale, but it could be helpful for environmental epidemiological studies in other countries.

No MeSH data available.