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The association between organizational behavior factors and health-related quality of life among college teachers: a cross-sectional study.

Liu C, Wang S, Shen X, Li M, Wang L - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2015)

Bottom Line: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis (HMR) was performed to explore the effects of organizational behavior variables on college teachers' HRQOL.Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that group identification (β = 0.121, P < 0.001) and PsyCap (β = 0.336, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of PCS, while group identification (β = 0.107, P < 0.001), POS (β = 0.124, P = 0.003), psychological empowerment (β = 0.093, P = 0.017) and PsyCap (β = 0.421, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of MCS.The enhancement of college teachers' PsyCap, group identification, POS and psychological empowerment at work should be incorporated in the strategy of protecting and improving college teachers' physical and mental QOL.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Social Medicine, School of public health, China Medical University, No.92 North Second Road, Heping District, Shenyang, 110001, China. vliuchuan2012@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: College teachers in China are confronted with a lot of pressure from teaching, researching and living. They are suffering from impaired physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between organizational behavior factors and college teachers' health related quality of life (HRQOL), and to confirm whether they are positive resources for improving teachers' HRQOL.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shenyang, China, from January to April 2014. Participants were composed of 965 teachers randomly selected from five representative colleges in Shenyang. Self-administrated questionnaires containing the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Chinese version Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ), and scales assessing group identification, POS, and psychological empowerment were used to measure HRQOL and organizational behavior variables of college teachers. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis (HMR) was performed to explore the effects of organizational behavior variables on college teachers' HRQOL.

Results: The mean (SD) scores of physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) among college teachers were 71.43 (14.70) and 65.46 (16.55) respectively in the study population. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that group identification (β = 0.121, P < 0.001) and PsyCap (β = 0.336, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of PCS, while group identification (β = 0.107, P < 0.001), POS (β = 0.124, P = 0.003), psychological empowerment (β = 0.093, P = 0.017) and PsyCap (β = 0.421, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of MCS.

Conclusion: Chinese college teachers experienced relatively low level of HRQOL and their mental quality of life (QOL) were impaired more seriously than physical QOL. Organizational behavior factors (PsyCap, group identification, POS and psychological empowerment) were strong predictors of college teachers' HRQOL and are positive resources for improving teachers' HRQOL. The enhancement of college teachers' PsyCap, group identification, POS and psychological empowerment at work should be incorporated in the strategy of protecting and improving college teachers' physical and mental QOL.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Conceptual map with the hypothesized relations. PsyCap: psychological capital; POS: perceived organizational support; PCS: physical component summary; MCS: mental component summary
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Fig1: Conceptual map with the hypothesized relations. PsyCap: psychological capital; POS: perceived organizational support; PCS: physical component summary; MCS: mental component summary

Mentions: To our knowledge, studies conducted to explore the effects of these organizational behavior variables on college teachers’ health related quality of life (HRQOL) are rarely found. And according to the reviewed literature above, these variables probably could be potential resources for enhancing the QOL of teachers. This study aims to investigate the relationships between organizational behavior variables (PsyCap, group identification, organizational justice, POS and psychological empowerment) and teachers’ HRQOL, and to confirm whether they are positive resources for improving teachers’ HRQOL(Conceptual map see Fig. 1), which could provide practical suggestions as to how colleges can improve their teachers’ health, thus improving organizational effectiveness.Fig. 1


The association between organizational behavior factors and health-related quality of life among college teachers: a cross-sectional study.

Liu C, Wang S, Shen X, Li M, Wang L - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2015)

Conceptual map with the hypothesized relations. PsyCap: psychological capital; POS: perceived organizational support; PCS: physical component summary; MCS: mental component summary
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4491263&req=5

Fig1: Conceptual map with the hypothesized relations. PsyCap: psychological capital; POS: perceived organizational support; PCS: physical component summary; MCS: mental component summary
Mentions: To our knowledge, studies conducted to explore the effects of these organizational behavior variables on college teachers’ health related quality of life (HRQOL) are rarely found. And according to the reviewed literature above, these variables probably could be potential resources for enhancing the QOL of teachers. This study aims to investigate the relationships between organizational behavior variables (PsyCap, group identification, organizational justice, POS and psychological empowerment) and teachers’ HRQOL, and to confirm whether they are positive resources for improving teachers’ HRQOL(Conceptual map see Fig. 1), which could provide practical suggestions as to how colleges can improve their teachers’ health, thus improving organizational effectiveness.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis (HMR) was performed to explore the effects of organizational behavior variables on college teachers' HRQOL.Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that group identification (β = 0.121, P < 0.001) and PsyCap (β = 0.336, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of PCS, while group identification (β = 0.107, P < 0.001), POS (β = 0.124, P = 0.003), psychological empowerment (β = 0.093, P = 0.017) and PsyCap (β = 0.421, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of MCS.The enhancement of college teachers' PsyCap, group identification, POS and psychological empowerment at work should be incorporated in the strategy of protecting and improving college teachers' physical and mental QOL.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Social Medicine, School of public health, China Medical University, No.92 North Second Road, Heping District, Shenyang, 110001, China. vliuchuan2012@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: College teachers in China are confronted with a lot of pressure from teaching, researching and living. They are suffering from impaired physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between organizational behavior factors and college teachers' health related quality of life (HRQOL), and to confirm whether they are positive resources for improving teachers' HRQOL.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shenyang, China, from January to April 2014. Participants were composed of 965 teachers randomly selected from five representative colleges in Shenyang. Self-administrated questionnaires containing the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Chinese version Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ), and scales assessing group identification, POS, and psychological empowerment were used to measure HRQOL and organizational behavior variables of college teachers. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis (HMR) was performed to explore the effects of organizational behavior variables on college teachers' HRQOL.

Results: The mean (SD) scores of physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) among college teachers were 71.43 (14.70) and 65.46 (16.55) respectively in the study population. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that group identification (β = 0.121, P < 0.001) and PsyCap (β = 0.336, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of PCS, while group identification (β = 0.107, P < 0.001), POS (β = 0.124, P = 0.003), psychological empowerment (β = 0.093, P = 0.017) and PsyCap (β = 0.421, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of MCS.

Conclusion: Chinese college teachers experienced relatively low level of HRQOL and their mental quality of life (QOL) were impaired more seriously than physical QOL. Organizational behavior factors (PsyCap, group identification, POS and psychological empowerment) were strong predictors of college teachers' HRQOL and are positive resources for improving teachers' HRQOL. The enhancement of college teachers' PsyCap, group identification, POS and psychological empowerment at work should be incorporated in the strategy of protecting and improving college teachers' physical and mental QOL.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus