Limits...
Current status of invasive mosquito surveillance in the UK.

Vaux AG, Medlock JM - Parasit Vectors (2015)

Bottom Line: There is no evidence to date that any invasive Aedes species (e.g., Aedes albopictus, Aedes japonicus, Aedes aegypti) occur in the UK despite sharing many of the same routes that have been found to have facilitated their entry into other countries.This paper sets in context the UK approaches with other European countries and those recommended by the ECDC.It also highlights future UK strategies to enhance surveillance for non-native mosquitoes to help ensure that incursions can be managed, and these mosquitoes do not establish and public health is protected.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Medical Entomology & Zoonoses Ecology group, Emergency Response Department, Public Health England, Porton Down, Salisbury, SP4 0JG, United Kingdom. Alex.Vaux@phe.gov.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: Non-native invasive mosquitoes have for many years made incursions into Europe, and are now established in many European countries. The continued European importation of potential vectors and their expansion within Europe increases their potential for importation and establishment in the UK. Coupled with increasing numbers of returning dengue and chikungunya infected travellers, the potential exists for transmission of vector borne disease in new regions.

Methods: To ensure a cost-effective risk assessment and preparedness strategy the UK employs a multi-faceted approach to surveillance for non-native Aedes mosquitoes, including passive and active surveillance strategies at a local, regional, and national level. Passive surveillance, including a national mosquito recording scheme and local authority nuisance biting reporting, are combined with targeted active surveillance at seaports, airports, used tyre importers, and motorway service stations.

Results: There is no evidence to date that any invasive Aedes species (e.g., Aedes albopictus, Aedes japonicus, Aedes aegypti) occur in the UK despite sharing many of the same routes that have been found to have facilitated their entry into other countries.

Conclusions: This paper sets in context the UK approaches with other European countries and those recommended by the ECDC. It also highlights future UK strategies to enhance surveillance for non-native mosquitoes to help ensure that incursions can be managed, and these mosquitoes do not establish and public health is protected. Focus will be given to increasing the number of submissions of mosquitoes to passive surveillance schemes and maintaining active surveillance efforts at key routes of potential importation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of mosquito surveys grouped by Airport, Nationwide Survey, Motorway Service Stations, Port, and Used Tyres
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4491199&req=5

Fig2: Location of mosquito surveys grouped by Airport, Nationwide Survey, Motorway Service Stations, Port, and Used Tyres

Mentions: A range of surveillance approaches have been trialled in the UK as part of national efforts to understand the potential risk posed by invasive mosquitoes, and to help in preparedness for detection and control. Surveillance projects have included both passive surveillance (Mosquito Recording Scheme, Mosquito Watch, including the use of a questionnaire based survey) and active surveillance (Nationwide Mosquito Survey, Port Mosquito Surveillance, Used tyre importer surveys, and surveys at motorway service stations) each of which are described separately below. A summary of these strategies is shown in Tables 1 and 2, with a map showing the active surveillance locations in Fig. 2.Table 1


Current status of invasive mosquito surveillance in the UK.

Vaux AG, Medlock JM - Parasit Vectors (2015)

Location of mosquito surveys grouped by Airport, Nationwide Survey, Motorway Service Stations, Port, and Used Tyres
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4491199&req=5

Fig2: Location of mosquito surveys grouped by Airport, Nationwide Survey, Motorway Service Stations, Port, and Used Tyres
Mentions: A range of surveillance approaches have been trialled in the UK as part of national efforts to understand the potential risk posed by invasive mosquitoes, and to help in preparedness for detection and control. Surveillance projects have included both passive surveillance (Mosquito Recording Scheme, Mosquito Watch, including the use of a questionnaire based survey) and active surveillance (Nationwide Mosquito Survey, Port Mosquito Surveillance, Used tyre importer surveys, and surveys at motorway service stations) each of which are described separately below. A summary of these strategies is shown in Tables 1 and 2, with a map showing the active surveillance locations in Fig. 2.Table 1

Bottom Line: There is no evidence to date that any invasive Aedes species (e.g., Aedes albopictus, Aedes japonicus, Aedes aegypti) occur in the UK despite sharing many of the same routes that have been found to have facilitated their entry into other countries.This paper sets in context the UK approaches with other European countries and those recommended by the ECDC.It also highlights future UK strategies to enhance surveillance for non-native mosquitoes to help ensure that incursions can be managed, and these mosquitoes do not establish and public health is protected.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Medical Entomology & Zoonoses Ecology group, Emergency Response Department, Public Health England, Porton Down, Salisbury, SP4 0JG, United Kingdom. Alex.Vaux@phe.gov.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: Non-native invasive mosquitoes have for many years made incursions into Europe, and are now established in many European countries. The continued European importation of potential vectors and their expansion within Europe increases their potential for importation and establishment in the UK. Coupled with increasing numbers of returning dengue and chikungunya infected travellers, the potential exists for transmission of vector borne disease in new regions.

Methods: To ensure a cost-effective risk assessment and preparedness strategy the UK employs a multi-faceted approach to surveillance for non-native Aedes mosquitoes, including passive and active surveillance strategies at a local, regional, and national level. Passive surveillance, including a national mosquito recording scheme and local authority nuisance biting reporting, are combined with targeted active surveillance at seaports, airports, used tyre importers, and motorway service stations.

Results: There is no evidence to date that any invasive Aedes species (e.g., Aedes albopictus, Aedes japonicus, Aedes aegypti) occur in the UK despite sharing many of the same routes that have been found to have facilitated their entry into other countries.

Conclusions: This paper sets in context the UK approaches with other European countries and those recommended by the ECDC. It also highlights future UK strategies to enhance surveillance for non-native mosquitoes to help ensure that incursions can be managed, and these mosquitoes do not establish and public health is protected. Focus will be given to increasing the number of submissions of mosquitoes to passive surveillance schemes and maintaining active surveillance efforts at key routes of potential importation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus