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Synthesis and anticonvulsant activity of new N-phenyl-2-(4-phenylpiperazin-1-yl)acetamide derivatives.

Kamiński K, Wiklik B, Obniska J - Med Chem Res (2015)

Bottom Line: The results of pharmacological studies showed activity exclusively in the MES seizures especially for 3-(trifluoromethyl)anilide derivatives, whereas majority of 3-chloroanilide analogs were inactive.In the in vitro studies, the most potent derivative 20 was observed as moderate binder to the neuronal voltage-sensitive sodium channels (site 2).The SAR studies for anticonvulsant activity confirmed the crucial role of pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for anticonvulsant activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 9 Medyczna Street, 30-688 Kraków, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Twenty-two new N-phenyl-2-(4-phenylpiperazin-1-yl)acetamide derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for their anticonvulsant activity in animal models of epilepsy. These molecules have been designed as analogs of previously obtained anticonvulsant active pyrrolidine-2,5-diones in which heterocyclic imide ring has been changed into chain amide bound. The final compounds were synthesized in the alkylation reaction of the corresponding amines with the previously obtained alkylating reagents 2-chloro-1-(3-chlorophenyl)ethanone (1) or 2-chloro-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethanone (2). Initial anticonvulsant screening was performed using standard maximal electroshock (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole screens in mice and/or rats. Several compounds were tested additionally in the psychomotor seizures (6-Hz model). The acute neurological toxicity was determined applying the rotarod test. The results of pharmacological studies showed activity exclusively in the MES seizures especially for 3-(trifluoromethyl)anilide derivatives, whereas majority of 3-chloroanilide analogs were inactive. It should be emphasize that several molecules showed also activity in the 6-Hz screen which is an animal model of human partial and therapy-resistant epilepsy. In the in vitro studies, the most potent derivative 20 was observed as moderate binder to the neuronal voltage-sensitive sodium channels (site 2). The SAR studies for anticonvulsant activity confirmed the crucial role of pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for anticonvulsant activity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The exchange of the pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for chain amide bound
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Fig4: The exchange of the pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for chain amide bound

Mentions: Taking into consideration the above findings in the current studies, we have focused on synthesis of new N-phenylacetamide derivatives as targets for new AEDs. These compounds were designed as analogs of corresponding pyrrolidine-2,5-dine derivatives, which showed high anticonvulsant activity in the animal models of epilepsy (Obniska et al., 2010). The main modification relied on the change of imide ring into chain amide bound (Fig. 4). Therefore, the aim of the current studies was to elucidate how the structure of imide/amide fragment affects anticonvulsant activity.Fig. 4


Synthesis and anticonvulsant activity of new N-phenyl-2-(4-phenylpiperazin-1-yl)acetamide derivatives.

Kamiński K, Wiklik B, Obniska J - Med Chem Res (2015)

The exchange of the pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for chain amide bound
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4491109&req=5

Fig4: The exchange of the pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for chain amide bound
Mentions: Taking into consideration the above findings in the current studies, we have focused on synthesis of new N-phenylacetamide derivatives as targets for new AEDs. These compounds were designed as analogs of corresponding pyrrolidine-2,5-dine derivatives, which showed high anticonvulsant activity in the animal models of epilepsy (Obniska et al., 2010). The main modification relied on the change of imide ring into chain amide bound (Fig. 4). Therefore, the aim of the current studies was to elucidate how the structure of imide/amide fragment affects anticonvulsant activity.Fig. 4

Bottom Line: The results of pharmacological studies showed activity exclusively in the MES seizures especially for 3-(trifluoromethyl)anilide derivatives, whereas majority of 3-chloroanilide analogs were inactive.In the in vitro studies, the most potent derivative 20 was observed as moderate binder to the neuronal voltage-sensitive sodium channels (site 2).The SAR studies for anticonvulsant activity confirmed the crucial role of pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for anticonvulsant activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 9 Medyczna Street, 30-688 Kraków, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Twenty-two new N-phenyl-2-(4-phenylpiperazin-1-yl)acetamide derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for their anticonvulsant activity in animal models of epilepsy. These molecules have been designed as analogs of previously obtained anticonvulsant active pyrrolidine-2,5-diones in which heterocyclic imide ring has been changed into chain amide bound. The final compounds were synthesized in the alkylation reaction of the corresponding amines with the previously obtained alkylating reagents 2-chloro-1-(3-chlorophenyl)ethanone (1) or 2-chloro-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethanone (2). Initial anticonvulsant screening was performed using standard maximal electroshock (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole screens in mice and/or rats. Several compounds were tested additionally in the psychomotor seizures (6-Hz model). The acute neurological toxicity was determined applying the rotarod test. The results of pharmacological studies showed activity exclusively in the MES seizures especially for 3-(trifluoromethyl)anilide derivatives, whereas majority of 3-chloroanilide analogs were inactive. It should be emphasize that several molecules showed also activity in the 6-Hz screen which is an animal model of human partial and therapy-resistant epilepsy. In the in vitro studies, the most potent derivative 20 was observed as moderate binder to the neuronal voltage-sensitive sodium channels (site 2). The SAR studies for anticonvulsant activity confirmed the crucial role of pyrrolidine-2,5-dione core fragment for anticonvulsant activity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus