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The World Health Organization (WHO) is deploying 50 medical camp kits, in collaboration with Nepal's health ministry and the World Food Programme, in the 14 worst earthquake-hit districts to ensure basic health services are restored before the onset of the monsoons... The final report of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) summed up progress in water and sanitation throughout the whole period covered by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), from 1990 to 2015... It noted that the MDG target for safe drinking-water had been met in 2010 and that an estimated 91% of the world’s population uses an improved source of drinking water... But the MDG sanitation target is lagging badly behind and an estimated 2.4 billion people still have no access to improved sanitation facilities. “We are particularly concerned by the fact that open defecation is still practised by an estimated 946 million people, including 610 million in South Asia alone and numbers still rising in sub-Saharan Africa,” said Dr Richard Johnston, technical officer for water, sanitation and hygiene at WHO. “At current rates of progress, open defecation will not be eliminated by 2030,” Johnston said, referring to the end of the next development goal phase. “Another major problem is inequality in access... While 82% of the urban population globally now uses improved sanitation facilities, only 51% of the rural population does. ” An estimated 842 000 deaths per year could be prevented by improving water, sanitation and hygiene in low- and middle-income countries... Monitoring should also address drinking-water quality, faecal waste management, and hand washing, which were not tracked in the MDGs, the report said. “The SDGs could be even more ambitious than the MDGs, given that universal coverage targets will require a much stronger focus on the people who have been left behind,” Johnston said. “At the same time, a greater emphasis on the safe management of faecal waste – which is included in the draft SDGs – will pose new challenges even for countries with high sanitation coverage. ” “Countries will have to step-up the current rate of progress to reach the new SDG targets by 2030,” he said, referring to draft proposals for the SDGs that are due to be considered at the UN General Assembly in September. http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/en/ Ten people died and 126 further cases were confirmed in an outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the Republic of Korea, as of 12 June... It is also reviewing the public health measures implemented to date,” Fukuda said... The country’s index (first) case was confirmed on 20 May... These systems provide meteorological and climate prediction-based information on the likelihood of the occurrence of hot weather, which can trigger heat rash, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heatstroke and death... The information generated by these early warning systems can be used by decision-makers to take measures to reduce the possible negative effects on people’s health and to alert the public to impending dangerous hot weather... Hundreds of deaths in addition to those that would normally be expected were recorded during heat waves last month in India as well as in the Russian Federation in 2010 and France in 2003... Heat waves can place additional burdens on health and emergency services, strain energy and water supplies and affect transport systems. “It is hoped that the guidance will act as a catalyst for bringing together key players from climate, health, emergency-response agencies and decision-makers, as well as the general public, for initiating action concerning the overall management of heat as a hazard,” said Maria Neira, director of the Department of Public Health, Social and Environmental Determinants of Health at WHO, and Maxx Dilley, director of the Climate Prediction and Adaptation Branch at WMO, in the publication’s foreword... Heat waves are periods of unusually hot and dry, or hot and humid, weather that have a subtle onset and cessation... Heat waves last at least two to three days and usually have a discernible impact on human and natural systems, according to the guidance.

No MeSH data available.


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View Article: PubMed Central

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

The World Health Organization (WHO) is deploying 50 medical camp kits, in collaboration with Nepal's health ministry and the World Food Programme, in the 14 worst earthquake-hit districts to ensure basic health services are restored before the onset of the monsoons... The final report of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) summed up progress in water and sanitation throughout the whole period covered by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), from 1990 to 2015... It noted that the MDG target for safe drinking-water had been met in 2010 and that an estimated 91% of the world’s population uses an improved source of drinking water... But the MDG sanitation target is lagging badly behind and an estimated 2.4 billion people still have no access to improved sanitation facilities. “We are particularly concerned by the fact that open defecation is still practised by an estimated 946 million people, including 610 million in South Asia alone and numbers still rising in sub-Saharan Africa,” said Dr Richard Johnston, technical officer for water, sanitation and hygiene at WHO. “At current rates of progress, open defecation will not be eliminated by 2030,” Johnston said, referring to the end of the next development goal phase. “Another major problem is inequality in access... While 82% of the urban population globally now uses improved sanitation facilities, only 51% of the rural population does. ” An estimated 842 000 deaths per year could be prevented by improving water, sanitation and hygiene in low- and middle-income countries... Monitoring should also address drinking-water quality, faecal waste management, and hand washing, which were not tracked in the MDGs, the report said. “The SDGs could be even more ambitious than the MDGs, given that universal coverage targets will require a much stronger focus on the people who have been left behind,” Johnston said. “At the same time, a greater emphasis on the safe management of faecal waste – which is included in the draft SDGs – will pose new challenges even for countries with high sanitation coverage. ” “Countries will have to step-up the current rate of progress to reach the new SDG targets by 2030,” he said, referring to draft proposals for the SDGs that are due to be considered at the UN General Assembly in September. http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/en/ Ten people died and 126 further cases were confirmed in an outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the Republic of Korea, as of 12 June... It is also reviewing the public health measures implemented to date,” Fukuda said... The country’s index (first) case was confirmed on 20 May... These systems provide meteorological and climate prediction-based information on the likelihood of the occurrence of hot weather, which can trigger heat rash, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heatstroke and death... The information generated by these early warning systems can be used by decision-makers to take measures to reduce the possible negative effects on people’s health and to alert the public to impending dangerous hot weather... Hundreds of deaths in addition to those that would normally be expected were recorded during heat waves last month in India as well as in the Russian Federation in 2010 and France in 2003... Heat waves can place additional burdens on health and emergency services, strain energy and water supplies and affect transport systems. “It is hoped that the guidance will act as a catalyst for bringing together key players from climate, health, emergency-response agencies and decision-makers, as well as the general public, for initiating action concerning the overall management of heat as a hazard,” said Maria Neira, director of the Department of Public Health, Social and Environmental Determinants of Health at WHO, and Maxx Dilley, director of the Climate Prediction and Adaptation Branch at WMO, in the publication’s foreword... Heat waves are periods of unusually hot and dry, or hot and humid, weather that have a subtle onset and cessation... Heat waves last at least two to three days and usually have a discernible impact on human and natural systems, according to the guidance.

No MeSH data available.