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Detection of miR-33 Expression and the Verification of Its Target Genes in the Fatty Liver of Geese.

Zheng Y, Jiang S, Zhang Y, Zhang R, Gong D - Int J Mol Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: They bind to the 3' untranslated regions of mRNA transcripts to reduce the translation of these transcripts or to cause their degradation.The expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the liver after 19 days in comparison with the control group; (2) By using the bioinformatics software programs TargetScan, miRDB and miRCosm to predict the target genes of miR-33 according to laboratory prophase transcriptome results and references, we screen nine target genes: adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters A1, adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters G1, Neimann Pick C, carnitine O-octanoyltransferase (CROT), cyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase/enoyl-CoA hydratase, beta subunit (HADHB), AMP-activated protein kinase, alpha subunit 1 (AMPKα1), insulin receptor substrate 2, glutamic pyruvate transaminase and adipose differentiation-related protein.These genes determine the combined target site.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China. zhengyun@yzu.edu.cn.

ABSTRACT

Background: miRNAs are single-stranded, small RNA molecules with a length of 18-25 nucleotides. They bind to the 3' untranslated regions of mRNA transcripts to reduce the translation of these transcripts or to cause their degradation. The roles of these molecules differ in biological processes, such as cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis and tumor genesis. miRNA-33 is encoded by the gene introns of proteins that bind sterol-regulatory elements. This molecule cooperates with these proteins to control cholesterol homeostasis, fatty acid levels and the genes that are related to the expression of fat metabolism. The examination of miR-33 expression and its target genes can promote the in-depth study of the miRNA regulation mechanism in the formation process of goose fatty liver and can lay a foundation for research into human fatty liver.

Methodology/principal findings: (1) Through real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (TaqMan MicroRNA Assay), we detected the expression of miR-33 during the feeding of Landes geese. The expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the liver after 19 days in comparison with the control group; (2) By using the bioinformatics software programs TargetScan, miRDB and miRCosm to predict the target genes of miR-33 according to laboratory prophase transcriptome results and references, we screen nine target genes: adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters A1, adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters G1, Neimann Pick C, carnitine O-octanoyltransferase (CROT), cyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase/enoyl-CoA hydratase, beta subunit (HADHB), AMP-activated protein kinase, alpha subunit 1 (AMPKα1), insulin receptor substrate 2, glutamic pyruvate transaminase and adipose differentiation-related protein. The dual luciferase reporter gene system in the CHO cell line verifies that CROT, HADHB and NPC1 are the target genes of miR-33 in geese. The inhibition rate of CROT is highest and reaches 70%; (3) The seed sequence (5' 2-8 bases) is the acting site of miR-33. The two predicted target sites of CROT are the target sites of miR-33. Moreover, the predicted target site of HADHB and NPC1 is the target site of miR-33.

Conclusions/significance: (1) After 19 days of overfeeding, the expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the livers of geese; (2) CROT, HADHB and NPC1 are the target genes of miR-33 in geese. These genes determine the combined target site.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

miR-33 precursor sequence and stem ring structure. (A) miRNA-33 located in SREBP2 intron 16. The sequence above is the precursor sequence of miRNA-33 in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red indicates mature sequences; (B) Structure of the stem ring of the miRNA in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red represents mature sequences.
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ijms-16-12737-f001: miR-33 precursor sequence and stem ring structure. (A) miRNA-33 located in SREBP2 intron 16. The sequence above is the precursor sequence of miRNA-33 in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red indicates mature sequences; (B) Structure of the stem ring of the miRNA in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red represents mature sequences.

Mentions: The miRNA-33 precursor sequence of geese was amplified using primers designed based on the miRNA-33 precursor sequence of chicken. As per the sequencing results (Figure 1), this sequence included 69 nucleotides. The homology analysis suggested that the maximum homology of geese miRNA reaches 95.65%, unlike that of chicken miRNA. Moreover, geese miRNA contained the complete mature miRNA-33 sequence, which is identical to that of chicken miRNA.


Detection of miR-33 Expression and the Verification of Its Target Genes in the Fatty Liver of Geese.

Zheng Y, Jiang S, Zhang Y, Zhang R, Gong D - Int J Mol Sci (2015)

miR-33 precursor sequence and stem ring structure. (A) miRNA-33 located in SREBP2 intron 16. The sequence above is the precursor sequence of miRNA-33 in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red indicates mature sequences; (B) Structure of the stem ring of the miRNA in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red represents mature sequences.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4490470&req=5

ijms-16-12737-f001: miR-33 precursor sequence and stem ring structure. (A) miRNA-33 located in SREBP2 intron 16. The sequence above is the precursor sequence of miRNA-33 in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red indicates mature sequences; (B) Structure of the stem ring of the miRNA in Landes geese. The part of the sequence that is marked in red represents mature sequences.
Mentions: The miRNA-33 precursor sequence of geese was amplified using primers designed based on the miRNA-33 precursor sequence of chicken. As per the sequencing results (Figure 1), this sequence included 69 nucleotides. The homology analysis suggested that the maximum homology of geese miRNA reaches 95.65%, unlike that of chicken miRNA. Moreover, geese miRNA contained the complete mature miRNA-33 sequence, which is identical to that of chicken miRNA.

Bottom Line: They bind to the 3' untranslated regions of mRNA transcripts to reduce the translation of these transcripts or to cause their degradation.The expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the liver after 19 days in comparison with the control group; (2) By using the bioinformatics software programs TargetScan, miRDB and miRCosm to predict the target genes of miR-33 according to laboratory prophase transcriptome results and references, we screen nine target genes: adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters A1, adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters G1, Neimann Pick C, carnitine O-octanoyltransferase (CROT), cyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase/enoyl-CoA hydratase, beta subunit (HADHB), AMP-activated protein kinase, alpha subunit 1 (AMPKα1), insulin receptor substrate 2, glutamic pyruvate transaminase and adipose differentiation-related protein.These genes determine the combined target site.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China. zhengyun@yzu.edu.cn.

ABSTRACT

Background: miRNAs are single-stranded, small RNA molecules with a length of 18-25 nucleotides. They bind to the 3' untranslated regions of mRNA transcripts to reduce the translation of these transcripts or to cause their degradation. The roles of these molecules differ in biological processes, such as cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis and tumor genesis. miRNA-33 is encoded by the gene introns of proteins that bind sterol-regulatory elements. This molecule cooperates with these proteins to control cholesterol homeostasis, fatty acid levels and the genes that are related to the expression of fat metabolism. The examination of miR-33 expression and its target genes can promote the in-depth study of the miRNA regulation mechanism in the formation process of goose fatty liver and can lay a foundation for research into human fatty liver.

Methodology/principal findings: (1) Through real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (TaqMan MicroRNA Assay), we detected the expression of miR-33 during the feeding of Landes geese. The expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the liver after 19 days in comparison with the control group; (2) By using the bioinformatics software programs TargetScan, miRDB and miRCosm to predict the target genes of miR-33 according to laboratory prophase transcriptome results and references, we screen nine target genes: adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters A1, adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporters G1, Neimann Pick C, carnitine O-octanoyltransferase (CROT), cyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase/enoyl-CoA hydratase, beta subunit (HADHB), AMP-activated protein kinase, alpha subunit 1 (AMPKα1), insulin receptor substrate 2, glutamic pyruvate transaminase and adipose differentiation-related protein. The dual luciferase reporter gene system in the CHO cell line verifies that CROT, HADHB and NPC1 are the target genes of miR-33 in geese. The inhibition rate of CROT is highest and reaches 70%; (3) The seed sequence (5' 2-8 bases) is the acting site of miR-33. The two predicted target sites of CROT are the target sites of miR-33. Moreover, the predicted target site of HADHB and NPC1 is the target site of miR-33.

Conclusions/significance: (1) After 19 days of overfeeding, the expression level of miR-33 increases significantly in the livers of geese; (2) CROT, HADHB and NPC1 are the target genes of miR-33 in geese. These genes determine the combined target site.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus