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Hemipteran mitochondrial genomes: features, structures and implications for phylogeny.

Wang Y, Chen J, Jiang LY, Qiao GX - Int J Mol Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: Special attention is given to the comparative analysis of repeat regions.We also discuss and provide insights on the phylogenetic analyses of a variety of taxonomic levels.This review is expected to further expand our understanding of research in this field and serve as a valuable reference resource.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. wangyuan0330@163.com.

ABSTRACT
The study of Hemipteran mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) began with the Chagas disease vector, Triatoma dimidiata, in 2001. At present, 90 complete Hemipteran mitogenomes have been sequenced and annotated. This review examines the history of Hemipteran mitogenomes research and summarizes the main features of them including genome organization, nucleotide composition, protein-coding genes, tRNAs and rRNAs, and non-coding regions. Special attention is given to the comparative analysis of repeat regions. Gene rearrangements are an additional data type for a few families, and most mitogenomes are arranged in the same order to the proposed ancestral insect. We also discuss and provide insights on the phylogenetic analyses of a variety of taxonomic levels. This review is expected to further expand our understanding of research in this field and serve as a valuable reference resource.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The size variation of mitogenomes from Hemiptera.
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ijms-16-12382-f002: The size variation of mitogenomes from Hemiptera.

Mentions: The mitogenome sizes of Hemiptera range from 14,371 bp (Nilaparvata muiri) to 18,414 bp (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) and have an average value of 15,733 bp (Figure 2). The size changes of five suborders are also shown (Figure 2). The size variation is mainly attributed to the non-coding regions, especially the control regions and repeat regions in some groups (such as the control regions of the true water bugs [23] and the repeat regions of aphids [62]).


Hemipteran mitochondrial genomes: features, structures and implications for phylogeny.

Wang Y, Chen J, Jiang LY, Qiao GX - Int J Mol Sci (2015)

The size variation of mitogenomes from Hemiptera.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4490450&req=5

ijms-16-12382-f002: The size variation of mitogenomes from Hemiptera.
Mentions: The mitogenome sizes of Hemiptera range from 14,371 bp (Nilaparvata muiri) to 18,414 bp (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) and have an average value of 15,733 bp (Figure 2). The size changes of five suborders are also shown (Figure 2). The size variation is mainly attributed to the non-coding regions, especially the control regions and repeat regions in some groups (such as the control regions of the true water bugs [23] and the repeat regions of aphids [62]).

Bottom Line: Special attention is given to the comparative analysis of repeat regions.We also discuss and provide insights on the phylogenetic analyses of a variety of taxonomic levels.This review is expected to further expand our understanding of research in this field and serve as a valuable reference resource.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. wangyuan0330@163.com.

ABSTRACT
The study of Hemipteran mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) began with the Chagas disease vector, Triatoma dimidiata, in 2001. At present, 90 complete Hemipteran mitogenomes have been sequenced and annotated. This review examines the history of Hemipteran mitogenomes research and summarizes the main features of them including genome organization, nucleotide composition, protein-coding genes, tRNAs and rRNAs, and non-coding regions. Special attention is given to the comparative analysis of repeat regions. Gene rearrangements are an additional data type for a few families, and most mitogenomes are arranged in the same order to the proposed ancestral insect. We also discuss and provide insights on the phylogenetic analyses of a variety of taxonomic levels. This review is expected to further expand our understanding of research in this field and serve as a valuable reference resource.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus