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A new leafminer on grapevine and Rhoicissus (Vitaceae) in South Africa within an expanded generic concept of Holocacista (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Heliozelidae).

van Nieukerken EJ, Geertsema H - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: A grapevine leafminer found recently in table grape orchards and vineyards in the Paarl region (Western Cape, South Africa) is described as Holocacistacapensis sp. n.It has also been found on native Rhoicissusdigitata and bred on that species in the laboratory.Holocacistacapensis has been found on Vitisvinifera both in Gauteng and Western Cape, the earliest record being from 1950 in Pretoria.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Naturalis Biodiversity Center, PO Box 9557, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
A grapevine leafminer found recently in table grape orchards and vineyards in the Paarl region (Western Cape, South Africa) is described as Holocacistacapensis sp. n. It has also been found on native Rhoicissusdigitata and bred on that species in the laboratory. It is closely related to Holocacistasalutans (Meyrick, 1921), comb. n. (from Antispila), described from Durban in KwaZulu-Natal, but widespread in southern Africa and a native leafminer of various Vitaceae: Rhoicissustomentosa, Rhoicissusdigitata, Rhoicissustridentata and Cissuscornifolia. Holocacistacapensis has been found on Vitisvinifera both in Gauteng and Western Cape, the earliest record being from 1950 in Pretoria. The initial host shift from native Vitaceae to Vitis must have occurred much earlier. The species is sometimes present in high densities, but hitherto no sizeable damage to the crops has been noted. The genus Holocacista Walsingham & Durrant, 1909, previously known from the single European grapevine leafminer Holocacistarivillei (Stainton, 1855), is expanded and redescribed and for the first time reported from Africa, East and South-East Asia and Australia. It comprises seven named species and at least 15 unnamed species. The following species are also recombined with Holocacista: transferred from Antispilina: South-African Holocacistavarii (Mey, 2011), comb. n., feeding on Pelargonium, transferred from Antispila: the Indian species Holocacistamicrarcha (Meyrick, 1926), comb. n. and Holocacistapariodelta (Meyrick, 1929), comb. n., both feeding on Lanneacoromandelica, and Holocacistaselastis (Meyrick, 1926), comb. n. on Psychotriadalzelii. We also remove the following from Antispila: Heliozelaanna (Fletcher, 1920), comb. n. and Heliozelaargyrozona (Meyrick, 1918), comb. n., whereas the following Indian Vitaceae feeding species are confirmed to belong in Antispila s. str.: Antispilaargostoma Meyrick, 1916 and Antispilaaristarcha Meyrick, 1916. Holocacistasalutans and Holocacistavarii are redescribed and diagnosed against Holocacistacapensis and other South African Heliozelidae. DNA barcodes are provided for 13 species of Holocacista.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Holocacista species, male phallus in lateral view, scale 100 μm. 94–96Holocacistacapensis, Genitalia slides resp. EvN4264, EvN4446 [mirrored], EvN4381 97–100Holocacistasalutans, Genitalia slides resp. TM4023 [type locality], EvN4383, EvN4384. All on same scale.
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Figure 17: Holocacista species, male phallus in lateral view, scale 100 μm. 94–96Holocacistacapensis, Genitalia slides resp. EvN4264, EvN4446 [mirrored], EvN4381 97–100Holocacistasalutans, Genitalia slides resp. TM4023 [type locality], EvN4383, EvN4384. All on same scale.

Mentions: Figs 1–3, 22, 25, 30, 37–53, 70–82, 94–96, 107–110, 115, 116


A new leafminer on grapevine and Rhoicissus (Vitaceae) in South Africa within an expanded generic concept of Holocacista (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Heliozelidae).

van Nieukerken EJ, Geertsema H - Zookeys (2015)

Holocacista species, male phallus in lateral view, scale 100 μm. 94–96Holocacistacapensis, Genitalia slides resp. EvN4264, EvN4446 [mirrored], EvN4381 97–100Holocacistasalutans, Genitalia slides resp. TM4023 [type locality], EvN4383, EvN4384. All on same scale.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4490219&req=5

Figure 17: Holocacista species, male phallus in lateral view, scale 100 μm. 94–96Holocacistacapensis, Genitalia slides resp. EvN4264, EvN4446 [mirrored], EvN4381 97–100Holocacistasalutans, Genitalia slides resp. TM4023 [type locality], EvN4383, EvN4384. All on same scale.
Mentions: Figs 1–3, 22, 25, 30, 37–53, 70–82, 94–96, 107–110, 115, 116

Bottom Line: A grapevine leafminer found recently in table grape orchards and vineyards in the Paarl region (Western Cape, South Africa) is described as Holocacistacapensis sp. n.It has also been found on native Rhoicissusdigitata and bred on that species in the laboratory.Holocacistacapensis has been found on Vitisvinifera both in Gauteng and Western Cape, the earliest record being from 1950 in Pretoria.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Naturalis Biodiversity Center, PO Box 9557, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
A grapevine leafminer found recently in table grape orchards and vineyards in the Paarl region (Western Cape, South Africa) is described as Holocacistacapensis sp. n. It has also been found on native Rhoicissusdigitata and bred on that species in the laboratory. It is closely related to Holocacistasalutans (Meyrick, 1921), comb. n. (from Antispila), described from Durban in KwaZulu-Natal, but widespread in southern Africa and a native leafminer of various Vitaceae: Rhoicissustomentosa, Rhoicissusdigitata, Rhoicissustridentata and Cissuscornifolia. Holocacistacapensis has been found on Vitisvinifera both in Gauteng and Western Cape, the earliest record being from 1950 in Pretoria. The initial host shift from native Vitaceae to Vitis must have occurred much earlier. The species is sometimes present in high densities, but hitherto no sizeable damage to the crops has been noted. The genus Holocacista Walsingham & Durrant, 1909, previously known from the single European grapevine leafminer Holocacistarivillei (Stainton, 1855), is expanded and redescribed and for the first time reported from Africa, East and South-East Asia and Australia. It comprises seven named species and at least 15 unnamed species. The following species are also recombined with Holocacista: transferred from Antispilina: South-African Holocacistavarii (Mey, 2011), comb. n., feeding on Pelargonium, transferred from Antispila: the Indian species Holocacistamicrarcha (Meyrick, 1926), comb. n. and Holocacistapariodelta (Meyrick, 1929), comb. n., both feeding on Lanneacoromandelica, and Holocacistaselastis (Meyrick, 1926), comb. n. on Psychotriadalzelii. We also remove the following from Antispila: Heliozelaanna (Fletcher, 1920), comb. n. and Heliozelaargyrozona (Meyrick, 1918), comb. n., whereas the following Indian Vitaceae feeding species are confirmed to belong in Antispila s. str.: Antispilaargostoma Meyrick, 1916 and Antispilaaristarcha Meyrick, 1916. Holocacistasalutans and Holocacistavarii are redescribed and diagnosed against Holocacistacapensis and other South African Heliozelidae. DNA barcodes are provided for 13 species of Holocacista.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus