Accuracy of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis diagnosis using polymerase chain reaction: systematic literature review and meta-analysis.
Bottom Line: This study aimed to assess the ability of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify MCL and to compare these results with clinical research recently published by the authors.The primary reason for accuracy differences was sensitivity.The quality of the collected material and the optimisation of the amplification of genetic material should be prioritised.
Affiliation: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Clínica Médica.
The diagnosis of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) is hampered by the absence of a gold standard. An accurate diagnosis is essential because of the high toxicity of the medications for the disease. This study aimed to assess the ability of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify MCL and to compare these results with clinical research recently published by the authors. A systematic literature review based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: the PRISMA Statement was performed using comprehensive search criteria and communication with the authors. A meta-analysis considering the estimates of the univariate and bivariate models was performed. Specificity near 100% was common among the papers. The primary reason for accuracy differences was sensitivity. The meta-analysis, which was only possible for PCR samples of lesion fragments, revealed a sensitivity of 71% [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.59; 0.81] and a specificity of 93% (95% CI = 0.83; 0.98) in the bivariate model. The search for measures that could increase the sensitivity of PCR should be encouraged. The quality of the collected material and the optimisation of the amplification of genetic material should be prioritised.
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Mentions: At the end of the selection process, 14 papers were included based on theabove-mentioned criteria (Fig. 1, Supplementarydata II): Piñero et al. (1999), Pirmez et al.(1999), Victoir et al. (2003), Disch et al. (2005), Camera et al. (2006), Bracho et al.(2007), Deborggraeve et al. (2008),Pereira et al. (2008), Fagundes et al. (2010),Boggild et al. (2011), Thomaz-Soccol et al. (2011), Velandet al. (2011), Marco et al. (2012) andNeitzke-Abreu et al. (2013).