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The Sound of Voice: Voice-Based Categorization of Speakers' Sexual Orientation within and across Languages.

Sulpizio S, Fasoli F, Maass A, Paladino MP, Vespignani F, Eyssel F, Bentler D - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: We found that listeners were unable to identify the speakers' sexual orientation correctly.Moreover, a similar pattern of results emerged when listeners judged the sexual orientation of speakers of their own and of the foreign language.Results are discussed with regard to accuracy, acoustic features of voices, language dependency and language specificity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Trento, Italy; Fondazione Marica De Vincenzi ONLUS, Rovereto (TN), Italy.

ABSTRACT
Empirical research had initially shown that English listeners are able to identify the speakers' sexual orientation based on voice cues alone. However, the accuracy of this voice-based categorization, as well as its generalizability to other languages (language-dependency) and to non-native speakers (language-specificity), has been questioned recently. Consequently, we address these open issues in 5 experiments: First, we tested whether Italian and German listeners are able to correctly identify sexual orientation of same-language male speakers. Then, participants of both nationalities listened to voice samples and rated the sexual orientation of both Italian and German male speakers. We found that listeners were unable to identify the speakers' sexual orientation correctly. However, speakers were consistently categorized as either heterosexual or gay on the basis of how they sounded. Moreover, a similar pattern of results emerged when listeners judged the sexual orientation of speakers of their own and of the foreign language. Overall, this research suggests that voice-based categorization of sexual orientation reflects the listeners' expectations of how gay voices sound rather than being an accurate detector of the speakers' actual sexual identity. Results are discussed with regard to accuracy, acoustic features of voices, language dependency and language specificity.

No MeSH data available.


Experiment 1B (Germans): Mean mouse trajectories for correct and incorrect responses for heterosexual and gay speakers.
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pone.0128882.g003: Experiment 1B (Germans): Mean mouse trajectories for correct and incorrect responses for heterosexual and gay speakers.

Mentions: Both correct and incorrect responses for heterosexual and gay voices were considered using the AUC as index of the mouse attraction toward the category. Mean trajectories for conditions are reported in Fig 3.


The Sound of Voice: Voice-Based Categorization of Speakers' Sexual Orientation within and across Languages.

Sulpizio S, Fasoli F, Maass A, Paladino MP, Vespignani F, Eyssel F, Bentler D - PLoS ONE (2015)

Experiment 1B (Germans): Mean mouse trajectories for correct and incorrect responses for heterosexual and gay speakers.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4488841&req=5

pone.0128882.g003: Experiment 1B (Germans): Mean mouse trajectories for correct and incorrect responses for heterosexual and gay speakers.
Mentions: Both correct and incorrect responses for heterosexual and gay voices were considered using the AUC as index of the mouse attraction toward the category. Mean trajectories for conditions are reported in Fig 3.

Bottom Line: We found that listeners were unable to identify the speakers' sexual orientation correctly.Moreover, a similar pattern of results emerged when listeners judged the sexual orientation of speakers of their own and of the foreign language.Results are discussed with regard to accuracy, acoustic features of voices, language dependency and language specificity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Trento, Italy; Fondazione Marica De Vincenzi ONLUS, Rovereto (TN), Italy.

ABSTRACT
Empirical research had initially shown that English listeners are able to identify the speakers' sexual orientation based on voice cues alone. However, the accuracy of this voice-based categorization, as well as its generalizability to other languages (language-dependency) and to non-native speakers (language-specificity), has been questioned recently. Consequently, we address these open issues in 5 experiments: First, we tested whether Italian and German listeners are able to correctly identify sexual orientation of same-language male speakers. Then, participants of both nationalities listened to voice samples and rated the sexual orientation of both Italian and German male speakers. We found that listeners were unable to identify the speakers' sexual orientation correctly. However, speakers were consistently categorized as either heterosexual or gay on the basis of how they sounded. Moreover, a similar pattern of results emerged when listeners judged the sexual orientation of speakers of their own and of the foreign language. Overall, this research suggests that voice-based categorization of sexual orientation reflects the listeners' expectations of how gay voices sound rather than being an accurate detector of the speakers' actual sexual identity. Results are discussed with regard to accuracy, acoustic features of voices, language dependency and language specificity.

No MeSH data available.