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Hemorrhagic stomatitis in a natural hybrid of Vipera ammodytes × Vipera berus due to inappropriate substrate in terrarium.

Czirják GÁ, Köbölkuti LB, Tenk M, Szakács A, Kelemen A, Spînu M - J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2015)

Bottom Line: The snake was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as a substrate, and the material had induced trauma in the oral mucosa which was further complicated with Salmonella Arizonae and Morganella morganii co-infection, abscessation and osteomyelitis.To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of bacterial infection in European snake hybrids and one of a few case reports in European snakes.Although wood chips are an inexpensive substrate, based on our findings, they should be avoided when keeping and breeding European vipers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Mănăștur str. 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

ABSTRACT
A natural hybrid of Vipera ammodytes × Vipera berus was presented having low body weight, seizures and generalized swelling of the cephalic region. Based on the history of the case and clinical examination, hemorrhagic stomatitis of traumatic origin was diagnosed. The snake was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as a substrate, and the material had induced trauma in the oral mucosa which was further complicated with Salmonella Arizonae and Morganella morganii co-infection, abscessation and osteomyelitis. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of bacterial infection in European snake hybrids and one of a few case reports in European snakes. Although wood chips are an inexpensive substrate, based on our findings, they should be avoided when keeping and breeding European vipers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Clinical aspects of the natural Vipera ammodytes × V.berus hybrid. A) The animal was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as asubstrate and presented large swelling of the cephalic region and seizures. B)Hemorrhagic stomatitis of the oral mucosa resulting in abscessation and osteomyelitisdue to S. Arizonae and M. morganii.
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fig_001: Clinical aspects of the natural Vipera ammodytes × V.berus hybrid. A) The animal was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as asubstrate and presented large swelling of the cephalic region and seizures. B)Hemorrhagic stomatitis of the oral mucosa resulting in abscessation and osteomyelitisdue to S. Arizonae and M. morganii.

Mentions: A natural hybrid of V. ammodytes × V. berus was referred tothe Department of Infectious Disease of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca,Romania. The animal was caught during the summer of 2005 in the Metalliferous Mountains,Transylvania, Romania. This is probably the only known region in Romania, where the two parentspecies co-occur and based on morphology [14] bothammodytes-like and berus-like hybrid specimens have beenidentified (Ghira I., personal communication). The present snake wasidentified as a berus-like hybrid and was kept at the Vivarium of theUniversity Babeș-Bolyai for research purposes. The snake was housed in a terrarium that was100 × 100 × 50 cm (length × width × height) in size with large of 0.5–1 cm diameter, pine woodchips as the substrate (Fig. 1AFig. 1.


Hemorrhagic stomatitis in a natural hybrid of Vipera ammodytes × Vipera berus due to inappropriate substrate in terrarium.

Czirják GÁ, Köbölkuti LB, Tenk M, Szakács A, Kelemen A, Spînu M - J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2015)

Clinical aspects of the natural Vipera ammodytes × V.berus hybrid. A) The animal was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as asubstrate and presented large swelling of the cephalic region and seizures. B)Hemorrhagic stomatitis of the oral mucosa resulting in abscessation and osteomyelitisdue to S. Arizonae and M. morganii.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4488407&req=5

fig_001: Clinical aspects of the natural Vipera ammodytes × V.berus hybrid. A) The animal was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as asubstrate and presented large swelling of the cephalic region and seizures. B)Hemorrhagic stomatitis of the oral mucosa resulting in abscessation and osteomyelitisdue to S. Arizonae and M. morganii.
Mentions: A natural hybrid of V. ammodytes × V. berus was referred tothe Department of Infectious Disease of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca,Romania. The animal was caught during the summer of 2005 in the Metalliferous Mountains,Transylvania, Romania. This is probably the only known region in Romania, where the two parentspecies co-occur and based on morphology [14] bothammodytes-like and berus-like hybrid specimens have beenidentified (Ghira I., personal communication). The present snake wasidentified as a berus-like hybrid and was kept at the Vivarium of theUniversity Babeș-Bolyai for research purposes. The snake was housed in a terrarium that was100 × 100 × 50 cm (length × width × height) in size with large of 0.5–1 cm diameter, pine woodchips as the substrate (Fig. 1AFig. 1.

Bottom Line: The snake was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as a substrate, and the material had induced trauma in the oral mucosa which was further complicated with Salmonella Arizonae and Morganella morganii co-infection, abscessation and osteomyelitis.To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of bacterial infection in European snake hybrids and one of a few case reports in European snakes.Although wood chips are an inexpensive substrate, based on our findings, they should be avoided when keeping and breeding European vipers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Mănăștur str. 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

ABSTRACT
A natural hybrid of Vipera ammodytes × Vipera berus was presented having low body weight, seizures and generalized swelling of the cephalic region. Based on the history of the case and clinical examination, hemorrhagic stomatitis of traumatic origin was diagnosed. The snake was kept in a terrarium with wood chips as a substrate, and the material had induced trauma in the oral mucosa which was further complicated with Salmonella Arizonae and Morganella morganii co-infection, abscessation and osteomyelitis. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of bacterial infection in European snake hybrids and one of a few case reports in European snakes. Although wood chips are an inexpensive substrate, based on our findings, they should be avoided when keeping and breeding European vipers.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus