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Google Calendar: A single case experimental design study of a man with severe memory problems.

Baldwin VN, Powell T - Neuropsychol Rehabil (2014)

Bottom Line: A single case experimental design across behaviours was utilised to explore the effectiveness of Google Calendar text alerts delivered to a mobile phone as a memory aid.Results were analysed using nonoverlap of all pairs (NAP) analysis which showed a reduction in forgetting in the three target behaviours and no change in two of the three control behaviours.This study illustrates that Google Calendar is a highly effective memory aid and emphasises the importance of choosing a memory aid to suit the person's lifestyle and beliefs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a School of Psychology , University of Birmingham , Birmingham , UK.

ABSTRACT
A single case experimental design across behaviours was utilised to explore the effectiveness of Google Calendar text alerts delivered to a mobile phone as a memory aid. The participant was a 43-year-old man (JA) with severe memory problems and executive difficulties caused by a traumatic brain injury (TBI). JA was initially very unwilling to use any memory aid and so a detailed assessment of his beliefs about memory aids, his cognitive difficulties and his social context was performed and a set of specifications for an aid was produced collaboratively. Six weeks of baseline data and six weeks of intervention data were collected for three target memory behaviours and three control memory behaviours. Results were analysed using nonoverlap of all pairs (NAP) analysis which showed a reduction in forgetting in the three target behaviours and no change in two of the three control behaviours. A subjective measure (the revised Everyday Memory Questionnaire) also suggested improvement. This study illustrates that Google Calendar is a highly effective memory aid and emphasises the importance of choosing a memory aid to suit the person's lifestyle and beliefs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Percentage of control events forgotten. A = Baseline Phase, B = Intervention Phase, n.b. Week 7 = trial week.
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Figure 0003: Percentage of control events forgotten. A = Baseline Phase, B = Intervention Phase, n.b. Week 7 = trial week.

Mentions: NAP analysis could not be conducted on the control condition “Forgetting to pass on messages to partner” as this remained constant throughout both the baseline and intervention phase suggesting no change in the behaviour (Figure 3). “Social events forgotten” could not be analysed as in weeks 5, 6 and 13 no social events occurred (Figure 3). However, visual analysis shows that forgetting social events increased over the baseline period and remained constant during the intervention phase. The total number of times JA lost his keys decreased between the baseline and intervention phases (Figure 4). NAP analysis revealed a 72% change in performance. During the initial baseline phase JA started to keep his phone in a specific place and spontaneously instigated the same strategy in order to remember where his keys were, which accounts for the decrease in the number of times JA lost them (Figure 4).Figure 3.


Google Calendar: A single case experimental design study of a man with severe memory problems.

Baldwin VN, Powell T - Neuropsychol Rehabil (2014)

Percentage of control events forgotten. A = Baseline Phase, B = Intervention Phase, n.b. Week 7 = trial week.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4487547&req=5

Figure 0003: Percentage of control events forgotten. A = Baseline Phase, B = Intervention Phase, n.b. Week 7 = trial week.
Mentions: NAP analysis could not be conducted on the control condition “Forgetting to pass on messages to partner” as this remained constant throughout both the baseline and intervention phase suggesting no change in the behaviour (Figure 3). “Social events forgotten” could not be analysed as in weeks 5, 6 and 13 no social events occurred (Figure 3). However, visual analysis shows that forgetting social events increased over the baseline period and remained constant during the intervention phase. The total number of times JA lost his keys decreased between the baseline and intervention phases (Figure 4). NAP analysis revealed a 72% change in performance. During the initial baseline phase JA started to keep his phone in a specific place and spontaneously instigated the same strategy in order to remember where his keys were, which accounts for the decrease in the number of times JA lost them (Figure 4).Figure 3.

Bottom Line: A single case experimental design across behaviours was utilised to explore the effectiveness of Google Calendar text alerts delivered to a mobile phone as a memory aid.Results were analysed using nonoverlap of all pairs (NAP) analysis which showed a reduction in forgetting in the three target behaviours and no change in two of the three control behaviours.This study illustrates that Google Calendar is a highly effective memory aid and emphasises the importance of choosing a memory aid to suit the person's lifestyle and beliefs.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a School of Psychology , University of Birmingham , Birmingham , UK.

ABSTRACT
A single case experimental design across behaviours was utilised to explore the effectiveness of Google Calendar text alerts delivered to a mobile phone as a memory aid. The participant was a 43-year-old man (JA) with severe memory problems and executive difficulties caused by a traumatic brain injury (TBI). JA was initially very unwilling to use any memory aid and so a detailed assessment of his beliefs about memory aids, his cognitive difficulties and his social context was performed and a set of specifications for an aid was produced collaboratively. Six weeks of baseline data and six weeks of intervention data were collected for three target memory behaviours and three control memory behaviours. Results were analysed using nonoverlap of all pairs (NAP) analysis which showed a reduction in forgetting in the three target behaviours and no change in two of the three control behaviours. A subjective measure (the revised Everyday Memory Questionnaire) also suggested improvement. This study illustrates that Google Calendar is a highly effective memory aid and emphasises the importance of choosing a memory aid to suit the person's lifestyle and beliefs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus