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Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of z-values and p-values for the planned comparisons between related and unrelated distractors in the puns and jokes group.
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pone.0130853.g005: Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of z-values and p-values for the planned comparisons between related and unrelated distractors in the puns and jokes group.

Mentions: Furthermore, for samples showing a significant distractor and group interaction in combination with related primes we conducted planned comparisons to investigate whether the distractor relatedness effect in the puns group was also reliable, because this effect was only marginally significant in our main analysis (see above). Fig 5 shows the frequency distribution of z- and p-values for planned comparisons between related and unrelated distractors in the puns and jokes group when related primes were presented before. These distributions nicely confirm that the relatedness effect in the puns group can be reliably found in 65.87% of bootstrapped samples. By contrast a relatedness effect in the jokes group can only be found in 3.42% of samples.


Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of z-values and p-values for the planned comparisons between related and unrelated distractors in the puns and jokes group.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4482729&req=5

pone.0130853.g005: Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of z-values and p-values for the planned comparisons between related and unrelated distractors in the puns and jokes group.
Mentions: Furthermore, for samples showing a significant distractor and group interaction in combination with related primes we conducted planned comparisons to investigate whether the distractor relatedness effect in the puns group was also reliable, because this effect was only marginally significant in our main analysis (see above). Fig 5 shows the frequency distribution of z- and p-values for planned comparisons between related and unrelated distractors in the puns and jokes group when related primes were presented before. These distributions nicely confirm that the relatedness effect in the puns group can be reliably found in 65.87% of bootstrapped samples. By contrast a relatedness effect in the jokes group can only be found in 3.42% of samples.

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus