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Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of beta estimates and p-values.Plots on the left show the frequency distribution of beta estimates for the bootstrap samples for the interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (top line), the interaction between distractor relatedness and group in the related (middle line) and unrelated (bottom line) prime condition. The dashed lines show the beta estimate of our original sample. The dotted lines show the minimal value the beta value has to reach to become statistically significant. Plots on the right show the frequency distribution of p-values below 0.05.
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pone.0130853.g004: Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of beta estimates and p-values.Plots on the left show the frequency distribution of beta estimates for the bootstrap samples for the interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (top line), the interaction between distractor relatedness and group in the related (middle line) and unrelated (bottom line) prime condition. The dashed lines show the beta estimate of our original sample. The dotted lines show the minimal value the beta value has to reach to become statistically significant. Plots on the right show the frequency distribution of p-values below 0.05.

Mentions: First, we determined the frequency distribution representing the resampled means of the beta coefficient for the interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (Fig 4, first line). 63.9% of beta values are distributed below the critical value of—37 that has to be reached to identify the three-way-interaction as statistically significant from zero. This proportion of betas nicely confirms the reliability of the three-way-interaction between the factors distractor relatedness, prime relatedness and group. Second, we selected samples showing a significant three-way-interaction and determined how many of these bootstrap samples showed significant distractor effects in combination with either related or unrelated primes. For both cases the critical value of beta is ± 26.5. The second and third rows of Fig 4 show that 75.14% of samples in the related prime condition exceed this value (in contrast to 21.97% of sample in the unrelated prime condition). Thus, we can conclude that the numerical difference in RTs for unrelated primes in the jokes group is not reliable and therefore will not be discussed any further.


Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of beta estimates and p-values.Plots on the left show the frequency distribution of beta estimates for the bootstrap samples for the interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (top line), the interaction between distractor relatedness and group in the related (middle line) and unrelated (bottom line) prime condition. The dashed lines show the beta estimate of our original sample. The dotted lines show the minimal value the beta value has to reach to become statistically significant. Plots on the right show the frequency distribution of p-values below 0.05.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4482729&req=5

pone.0130853.g004: Results of the bootstrap approach: frequency distributions of beta estimates and p-values.Plots on the left show the frequency distribution of beta estimates for the bootstrap samples for the interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (top line), the interaction between distractor relatedness and group in the related (middle line) and unrelated (bottom line) prime condition. The dashed lines show the beta estimate of our original sample. The dotted lines show the minimal value the beta value has to reach to become statistically significant. Plots on the right show the frequency distribution of p-values below 0.05.
Mentions: First, we determined the frequency distribution representing the resampled means of the beta coefficient for the interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (Fig 4, first line). 63.9% of beta values are distributed below the critical value of—37 that has to be reached to identify the three-way-interaction as statistically significant from zero. This proportion of betas nicely confirms the reliability of the three-way-interaction between the factors distractor relatedness, prime relatedness and group. Second, we selected samples showing a significant three-way-interaction and determined how many of these bootstrap samples showed significant distractor effects in combination with either related or unrelated primes. For both cases the critical value of beta is ± 26.5. The second and third rows of Fig 4 show that 75.14% of samples in the related prime condition exceed this value (in contrast to 21.97% of sample in the unrelated prime condition). Thus, we can conclude that the numerical difference in RTs for unrelated primes in the jokes group is not reliable and therefore will not be discussed any further.

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus