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Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Naming latencies and standard error bars in the puns and jokes group depending on distractor word and prime condition.
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pone.0130853.g003: Naming latencies and standard error bars in the puns and jokes group depending on distractor word and prime condition.

Mentions: Mean RTs in the different conditions are presented in Fig 3 and Table 1. LMM analyses with crossed random effects for subjects and items and the factors prime relatedness, distractor relatedness, target meaning dominance and group revealed a significant interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (β = -43.8, SE = 19.3; t(20326) = 2.22; p < .05), reflecting facilitation for related distractors and primes in the puns group (see Table 2; correlation matrix see S3 Table: Correlations of fixed effects of the overall LMM). For the factors prime relatedness, distractor relatedness, group and target meaning dominance, no main effect occurred, even though, descriptively, a difference of overall RT latency between both groups (puns = 823 ms vs. jokes = 810 ms) and a difference for target meaning dominance in form of a decrease in RTs from the non-dominant (839 ms), to balanced (818 ms) to dominant targets (792 ms) was observed.


Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Naming latencies and standard error bars in the puns and jokes group depending on distractor word and prime condition.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4482729&req=5

pone.0130853.g003: Naming latencies and standard error bars in the puns and jokes group depending on distractor word and prime condition.
Mentions: Mean RTs in the different conditions are presented in Fig 3 and Table 1. LMM analyses with crossed random effects for subjects and items and the factors prime relatedness, distractor relatedness, target meaning dominance and group revealed a significant interaction between prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and group (β = -43.8, SE = 19.3; t(20326) = 2.22; p < .05), reflecting facilitation for related distractors and primes in the puns group (see Table 2; correlation matrix see S3 Table: Correlations of fixed effects of the overall LMM). For the factors prime relatedness, distractor relatedness, group and target meaning dominance, no main effect occurred, even though, descriptively, a difference of overall RT latency between both groups (puns = 823 ms vs. jokes = 810 ms) and a difference for target meaning dominance in form of a decrease in RTs from the non-dominant (839 ms), to balanced (818 ms) to dominant targets (792 ms) was observed.

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus